ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children Sample Album of Learning Task Documentation EntryLearning Task: Skip Counting – DalmatiansDescription:Students work individually using a set ofpicture cards and a die to create a set ofcards that has an equal number of dogs to thenumber shown on the die. Three differentsets of cards and dice are available; sets oftwo, sets of five, and sets of tens. These are Student Learning Outcomes:used for separate activities. Once the die iscast the student must find a card with a Number Sense & Numeration:matching numeral and place it on the • Identifies number quantities.surface. Next the student must use the • Identifies numerals to twenty-five.picture cards to skip count up to the numberthat matches the numeral on the card. This • Sees patterns in counting and skipprocess is repeated with several rolls of the counts orally by 2’s, by 5’s and 10’sdie. etc.Learning task adapted from: Prerequisite Concepts, Skills, & Values:http://www.ixl.com/math/grade/pre-k/ • Chooses to adopt class routines for selecting, using and returningAge Group: individual learning tasks.5.5 to 6.5 years • Recognizes numerals to twenty-five. • Counts objects from one to twenty-Subject Area: five.Mathematics • Recognizes and names numerals to twenty-five.Subject Strand: • Identifies the same number of objectsNumber Sense & Numeration in different arrangements as being named by the same number.Subject Topic: • Identifies the quantity of objects in aRecognizing quantities in various set to ten.arrangements • Differentiates between numerals, words and sets containing theBackground Information: matching number of objects.Gaining a firm concept of each numberrequires much repetative work. Discoveringhow many items are in a set can beperformed more easily using skip counting.Skip counting by twos, fives, tens, etc. is anadvanced stage of multiplication anddivision. Matching a quantity of itemsarrange in sets to a numeral helps a child tobetter understand the number. It is anotherway of ‘naming the number.’ The concept ofdivision is based upon the idea of makingsimilar subsets which equal a number. Thestudent is asked to check his work by skipcountig and is allowed to correct any errorsfound.
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children • Ask the child to roll the die himselfLearning Theory & Instructional and find the matching numeralStrategy: card. • This activity follows the • Ask the child once again to find the constructivist theory of learning in cards that will make the same that the child builds and reinforces number of dalmatians that the neural links through experimentation numeral represents. and repetitive arrangements. • Tell the child to continue this • The instructional strategy is a game process until all the pictures have with counting and matching sets. been used. • The teacher demonstrates the learning task for the child initially, Making Cardboard Die: then the child works on it alone. • Make a net of six quares. • There are sets of cards for one, two, • Ensure that the net will fold up to five, and ten dalmatians. There are make a cube. also cards with numerals. • Place numerals (not dots) on the • A die is available for each set of faces of the die. cards. • All the numerals should be divisible by the chosen number byStudent Characteristics Accommodated: which the skip count will be • accommodating both bodily performed. kinesthetic, logical mathematical, • Add gluing tabs where necessary. and linguistic intelligences underlie • Cut out the die template with stiff the design of this activity card and glue together. • the activity provides concrete experience leading to the more Tools and equipment needed: abstract concepts of recognition of • ruler numerals and matching words. • stiff card • children only engage in this activity when it is developmentally • thick marker appropriate for them and are not • scissors forced to move along with the entire • glue class or through the forced progression inherent to printed Laminated Letter Sheets: workbooks • associated files of single, pairs, sets of five, and sets of ten dalmations.Introduction of the Learning Task: • computer printout each of the • Show the child how to remove the pages of the file activity tray from the shelf noting the • pages glued to card placement of each item. • picture and numeral cards • Take the learning task to an open laminated space at a table. • Demonstrate how to roll a die and find the matching numeral. • Ask the child to skip cound using the picture cards to match the numeral.
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young ChildrenChecklist of Tray Items: • Cards with pictures and numerals • A cardoard die. • container of blue play dough • container of yellow play dough • laminated sheets of lettersExtension Activities: 1. Students could go on to use skip count to numbers beyond twenty- Alternate Skip Counting Activities: five. • Use well washed baisa coins to count by 2. Cards could have numerals that are fives and tens. not multiples of the skip counting • Use a laminated hundred grid board and number. The remainder could be a washable marker to have student skip identified by single dalmatians. count by various numbers other than 3. Students could lay out sets of those on the cards. dalmations and find the card with the numeral that matches. Evaluation Rubric: 4. Students could talk about skip 1. Has difficulty skip counting counting as repeated addition. 2. Makes a matching set plus or minus one.Enrichment Activities: 3. Skip counts to make the appropriate 1. Students could use play dough objects number of sets for twos, fives, and tens. instead of dalmatian cards. 4. Skip counts to make the appropriate 2. Students could read books about dogs. number of sets for threes, sixes, and/or sevens.Assessment Techniques: • Student compares sets of cards with Vocabulary: dalmatians to the numeral and self- dalmatian, numeral, number, ones, twos, fives, corrects. ten, and card. • Instructor observes student while working and provides formative References: feedback. http://www.ixl.com/math/grade/pre-k/ & Mathematics Kindergarten, Interim edition, • Instructor examines and analyzes Newfoundland & Labrador Curriculum Guide, finished product. September, 2009Feedback Suggestions: Comments, Hints, & Suggestions: • How could you make sure that the Try not to make too many extra gluing tabs number of dalmatians matches the when designing the template for a die because numeral? it makes gluing more difficult. • What is different about this set from the one above? Key Words: • Which numeral is not the right place? Die, skip counting, ones, twos, fives, tens, • Would the numeral have to change if face, multiplication, division, addition, & you arranged these pictures numeral. differently. • What is the word that matches this numeral?