What is sociolinguistics?
• Sociolinguistics is a branch of Linguistics that
studies the relationship between language
and its social function.
Sociology of Language
• This field studies a specific social problem
related to a specific use of language in a
specific social context.
• Etnography: focuses on the use of language in
a particular place, not in a particular area of
• Ethnolinguistics: studies the structure of
language, focuses on a particular area of the
language. (grammar, phonology, etc.)
• Dialect: a dialect is a variation of a language.
Nevertheless, it is still the same language. Por
ejemplo, el español hablado en México y el
español que se habla en Argetina; a pesar de
sus diferencias ambos son español.
• Accent: accent refers to phonological
variations of a language.
• Idiolect: It is a person‘s specific, unique way of
• Register: the way which a person speak, could
be formal or informal.
• Speech community: a speech
community is inside a dialect. It is
spoken by a group of people that only
understand the language if they are
part of that community.
• Jargon: it is a group of words used in a
specific field, mainly at work.
Only people related
to such field are
able to understand
• Mutual intelligibility: It is a relationship of mutual
understanding between different dialects. If two
speakers speak differently but still
understand each other, they speak
the same language.
• Dialect continuum: a range of dialects
that are mutually intelligible
between their neighbours but too
different from those far away.
• Pidgin: it is a simplified language developed
“because of a need”for understanding
between two or more groups of different
speakers. It is spoken by a group of people for
a specific porpuse.
• Creole (language): It is a stable language that
originated from a pidgin after several
gerenations of use.
learned in two
learned at the same
• Lingua Franca: a language that is
widely used by speakers of different
languages to communnicate with one
another, mostly English.
English as spoken in the world
• Vernacular Language: the standard native
language of a country or locality.
A variety of such everyday language specific to
a social group or region: e.g. the vernaculars
of New York City.
• Research question: main question; the basis of
• Quantitative Approach: the investigation is
based on getting results in numbers.
• Qualitative Approach: research based on
getting results and data from interviews.