UQROO Sociolinguistics terms1

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main terms in sociolinguistics

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UQROO Sociolinguistics terms1

  1. 1. Week 1
  2. 2. What is sociolinguistics? • Sociolinguistics is a branch of Linguistics that studies the relationship between language and its social function.
  3. 3. Sociology of Language • This field studies a specific social problem related to a specific use of language in a specific social context.
  4. 4. • Etnography: focuses on the use of language in a particular place, not in a particular area of the language. • Ethnolinguistics: studies the structure of language, focuses on a particular area of the language. (grammar, phonology, etc.)
  5. 5. • Dialect: a dialect is a variation of a language. Nevertheless, it is still the same language. Por ejemplo, el español hablado en México y el español que se habla en Argetina; a pesar de sus diferencias ambos son español. • Accent: accent refers to phonological variations of a language.
  6. 6. • Idiolect: It is a person‘s specific, unique way of speaking • Register: the way which a person speak, could be formal or informal.
  7. 7. • Speech community: a speech community is inside a dialect. It is spoken by a group of people that only understand the language if they are part of that community. • Jargon: it is a group of words used in a specific field, mainly at work. Only people related to such field are able to understand the jargon.
  8. 8. • Mutual intelligibility: It is a relationship of mutual understanding between different dialects. If two speakers speak differently but still understand each other, they speak the same language. • Dialect continuum: a range of dialects that are mutually intelligible between their neighbours but too different from those far away.
  9. 9. • Pidgin: it is a simplified language developed “because of a need”for understanding between two or more groups of different speakers. It is spoken by a group of people for a specific porpuse. • Creole (language): It is a stable language that originated from a pidgin after several gerenations of use.
  10. 10. Bilingualism Coordinated: languages are learned in two different geographyc places. Compound: both languages are learned at the same place.
  11. 11. • Lingua Franca: a language that is widely used by speakers of different languages to communnicate with one another, mostly English. English as spoken in the world
  12. 12. • Vernacular Language: the standard native language of a country or locality. A variety of such everyday language specific to a social group or region: e.g. the vernaculars of New York City.
  13. 13. • Research question: main question; the basis of an investigation. • Quantitative Approach: the investigation is based on getting results in numbers. • Qualitative Approach: research based on getting results and data from interviews.

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