• Write this quote and reflect on it: “Earth
provides enough to satisfy every man's need,
but not every man's greed” –Mahatma
– Do you agree?
– How can you relate this quote to The Pearl?
Nota Bene: A first draft of one of your pre-writes
is due Monday
Universal themes in literature
• Theme: the big idea!
• The controlling idea, central insight.
• Why explore themes? It enables us to
think critically about a text, have abstract
thoughts and expand our perception of
book and then the world.
How to figure out the theme:
• It is not directly stated
• Themes will be a statement, never just a single
word such as “courage” or, “bravery”
• The author will show you through situations
and human experiences in the literature
• You must learn it from characters and the plot
by making inferences
– Inference: examining the story and the details to
learn more about the plot
Themes in The Pearl
• Greed is a destructive force
– Money brings evil
• Does fate play a role in human life?
– Be careful what you wish for
• Colonial societies oppress native cultures
• Ignorance leads to subjugation and oppression
Themes represented by characters
The pearl dealers:
• What is symbolism?
• Symbolism is: a word or object that stands for
another word or object.
• The object or word can be seen with the eye
or not visible.
– For example a dove stands for Peace. The dove
can be seen and peace cannot.
– The word is from the Greek word symbolom.
Symbolism in The Pearl
• Scorpion: The scorpion is not only a symbol,
but foreshadows the evil that is to come
• The pearl: appears differently throughout the
story – related to meaning
• The town, the sea, and the village all possess
certain symbols of a way of life and death.
• The doctor: Symbol of colonial oppression
• Kino’s canoe: life depends on the canoe
Found / Blackout Poetry
• Directions: Carefully read the page or news article you
have been given. Using pencil, lightly underline details,
words, and phrases that you find powerful, moving, or
interesting. Begin imagining combinations of these
words that will form a poem. Once you decide on the
words you need, color over the other words on the
page. It is very important to leave the words of your
“found poem” uncolored and to “blackout” the other
• Paste or tape the finished found poem into this