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Poultry Production
palithamahinda@yahoo.com
05/10/2008 mmpmm
05/10/2008 2mmpmm
Poultry Meat
High protein
Low fat
Economical to eat
2nd in consumption only
to beef
05/10/2008 mmpmm
Retinol(vitamin A), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Folic Acid (Vitamin
B9), Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Choline, I...
05/10/2008 4mmpmm
Layers for egg production
Leghorn (hybrids)
Broilers for meat production
White Plymouth Rock, Cornish ...
Cook Hen
05/10/2008 5mmpmm
Leghorn
05/10/2008 mmpmm 6
The Leghorn is a breed of chicken with origins in Tuscany,
central Italy
Leghorn varieties including wh...
Cock Hen
05/10/2008 7mmpmm
Leghorn
White chicken
05/10/2008 8mmpmm
Cornish Crosses
Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
Size: Very Heavy (8+ lbs)
Rarity: Common
Purpose...
05/10/2008 mmpmm 9
Are stocky ole meat birds from the
Southwest corner of England
With short, close-fitting feathers
Most ...
Rock Rooster Hen
05/10/2008 10mmpmm
Plymouth
Cock Hen
05/10/2008 11mmpmm
White Plymouth rock
05/10/2008 mmpmm 12
Standard Weights: Cock- 4.3kg , hen-3.4kg , cockerel-3.6kg,
pullet-2.7kg
Skin Color: Yellow
Egg She...
Cock Hen
05/10/2008 13mmpmm
Broiler
05/10/2008 mmpmm 14
 Modern commercial broilers : Cornish crosses or
Cornish-Rocks
 Specially bred for large scale, effi...
05/10/2008 15mmpmm
Order chicks early
Only order what you can house
Space requirements:
10 square inches / chick under lig...
05/10/2008 16mmpmm
When they arrive
Temperature = 92-95 degrees under light, 70-75 deg in
house
Decrease temp. 5 degrees...
05/10/2008 17mmpmm
Debeaking : remove 1/3 of the top beak and a
small part of the bottom (prevent cannibolism) at
6-8 day...
05/10/2008 18mmpmm
Layer Care
Collect eggs 2-3 times per day (if hot)
Wash eggs immediately in warm water
Refrigerate &...
05/10/2008 19mmpmm
Broilers Care
Don’t keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily)
Keep light on at night (prevent cannib...
05/10/2008 20mmpmm
Terms We Use
How do you call a mature male?
Rooster
How do you call a mature female?
Hen
How do you ...
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Poultry production

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Poultry production

  1. 1. Poultry Production palithamahinda@yahoo.com 05/10/2008 mmpmm
  2. 2. 05/10/2008 2mmpmm Poultry Meat High protein Low fat Economical to eat 2nd in consumption only to beef
  3. 3. 05/10/2008 mmpmm Retinol(vitamin A), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Folic Acid (Vitamin B9), Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, Choline, Iron, Calcium, Phosphorus And Potassium Vitamin A, D, And E Are In The Egg Yolk Poultry Egg 05/10/2008 3mmpmm
  4. 4. 05/10/2008 4mmpmm Layers for egg production Leghorn (hybrids) Broilers for meat production White Plymouth Rock, Cornish Crosses Producers usually buy chicks from hatcheries Turkeys must be artificially inseminated (have been bred for large breasts which makes it physically impossible to mate) Chickens
  5. 5. Cook Hen 05/10/2008 5mmpmm Leghorn
  6. 6. 05/10/2008 mmpmm 6 The Leghorn is a breed of chicken with origins in Tuscany, central Italy Leghorn varieties including white, red, black tailed red, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver Most have single combs but there are several color varieties that have rose combs Excellent layers of white eggs (around 280 per year) Rarely exhibit broodiness and are thus well suited for uninterrupted egg laying It is a light breed that matures quickly to only 3 or 4 lbs Leghorns are noisy bird
  7. 7. Cock Hen 05/10/2008 7mmpmm Leghorn
  8. 8. White chicken 05/10/2008 8mmpmm Cornish Crosses Type: Large Fowl & Bantam Size: Very Heavy (8+ lbs) Rarity: Common Purpose: Meat Recognized Varieties: Dark, White, White Laced Red Egg Laying: Poor (1/wk) Egg Color: Light Brown Egg Size: Small Comb Type: Pea Comb Crested: No Feathered Legs: No Number of Toes: 4
  9. 9. 05/10/2008 mmpmm 9 Are stocky ole meat birds from the Southwest corner of England With short, close-fitting feathers Most of the chicken meat bought in the supermarket comes from a White Cornish / White Plymouth Rock cross Because these poor little guys were bred to be confined Are not the best outdoorsmen So heavy that they can't mate very well Poor little dudes Cornish
  10. 10. Rock Rooster Hen 05/10/2008 10mmpmm Plymouth
  11. 11. Cock Hen 05/10/2008 11mmpmm White Plymouth rock
  12. 12. 05/10/2008 mmpmm 12 Standard Weights: Cock- 4.3kg , hen-3.4kg , cockerel-3.6kg, pullet-2.7kg Skin Color: Yellow Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat and eggs Origin: America in the middle of the 19th century and was first exhibited as a breed in 1869 Crosses of Dominique, Java, Cochin, and perhaps Malay and Dorking Its The first Plymouth Rock was barred and other varieties developed later qualities as an outstanding farm chicken: hardiness, docility, broodiness, and excellent production of both eggs and meat White Plymouth rock
  13. 13. Cock Hen 05/10/2008 13mmpmm Broiler
  14. 14. 05/10/2008 mmpmm 14  Modern commercial broilers : Cornish crosses or Cornish-Rocks  Specially bred for large scale, efficient meat production Grow much faster than egg laying hens or traditional dual purpose breeds  A high feed conversion ratio, and low levels of activity  Weight Male 5.4kg & Female 3.6kg  Skin color yellow  Egg color Light brown  Comb type Single Broiler
  15. 15. 05/10/2008 15mmpmm Order chicks early Only order what you can house Space requirements: 10 square inches / chick under light 25 square inches / chick house space Chicks shouldn’t be allowed to get more than 3 ft away from light Getting Started
  16. 16. 05/10/2008 16mmpmm When they arrive Temperature = 92-95 degrees under light, 70-75 deg in house Decrease temp. 5 degrees / week until 60 degrees Teach how to drink right away If chicks are huddled together under light = too cold If none are under light = too hot Should be scattered
  17. 17. 05/10/2008 17mmpmm Debeaking : remove 1/3 of the top beak and a small part of the bottom (prevent cannibolism) at 6-8 days old Vaccinate (hatchery can do this) Lighting: birds naturally reproduce in spring, simulate spring, chickens molt (shed feathers) production increases Management
  18. 18. 05/10/2008 18mmpmm Layer Care Collect eggs 2-3 times per day (if hot) Wash eggs immediately in warm water Refrigerate & keep away from onions & mold Production Goal: 4 lbs feed / dozen eggs Hens produce 7 eggs / 10 days
  19. 19. 05/10/2008 19mmpmm Broilers Care Don’t keep in cages (weak bones & bruise easily) Keep light on at night (prevent cannibalism) Market at 4 1/2 lbs for males, 3 1/2 lbs for females (about 8 weeks) 2.1 lbs feed / lb of gain
  20. 20. 05/10/2008 20mmpmm Terms We Use How do you call a mature male? Rooster How do you call a mature female? Hen How do you call a young female? Pullet What do you call a castrated male? Capon How long is the incubation period? 21 days

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