IRELAND: THE GREEN LAND

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IRELAND: THE GREEN LAND

  1. 1. REPUBLIC OF IRELAND
  2. 2. INDEX Basic information. Historical framework. Language and curiosities. Culture. Today’s news.
  3. 3. ENVIRONMENTThe Island of Ireland consist of a large central lowland of limestone with a relief of hills and several coastal mountains and is situated in the extreme north-west Europe.
  4. 4. THE IRISH SEA TO THE EAST, WHICH SEPARATES IRLAND FROM BRITAIN, IS FROM 17.6 TO 192 KM WIDE AND HAS A MAXIMUM DEPTH OF ABOUT 200 METERS.
  5. 5. AT LEAST TWO GENERAL GLACIATIONS HAVE AFFECTED THE ISLAND.
  6. 6. SITUATION
  7. 7. CLIMATETHE CLIMATE OF IRELAND IS EQUABLE AND TEMPERATURES ARE FAIRLY UNIFORM OVER THE WHOLE COUNTRY.
  8. 8. FLORA & FAUNA• Only 26 land mammal species are native to Ireland as the red fox.
  9. 9. Aquatic wildlife, About 400such as species of species of birdsturtle, shark, have beenwhale, and recorded indolphin, are Ireland. Manycommon off the of these arecoast. migratory.
  10. 10. Until medieval Much of the land istimes, Ireland was now covered withheavily forested pasture, and therewith oak, pine and are many species ofbirch. wild-flower.
  11. 11. POPULATIONIreland has been inhabited since thestone age. People moved westwardsacross the European continent formore than seven thousand years andsettled in the country.The major centres of population areDublin, Cork,Galway, Limerick andWaterford.
  12. 12. CURRENCYThe Irish pound (English) or punt Éireannach (Irish) was the currency of Ireland.
  13. 13. 1 January 1999.
  14. 14. A BRIEFHISTORY
  15. 15. Ireland, which has been inhabited for about 7,000 years, has experienced many incursions and invasions, resulting in a rich mixture of ancestry and traditions.NEWGRANGE
  16. 16. By the sixth century B.C. waves of Celtic invaders from Europe began to reach the country. The Celts, did generate a cultural and linguisticTIPICAL CELTIC CROSS unity.
  17. 17. TheintroductionofChristianityin the fifthcentury A.D.Istraditionallycredited toSaintPatrick.
  18. 18. THE SIXTH AND SEVENTH CENTURIES SAW A FLOWERING OF IRISH ART, LEARNING AND CULTURE CENTERING ON THE MONASTERIES.
  19. 19. During the ninth and tenthcenturies, Ireland was regularly raided by the Vikings.
  20. 20. Following the defeat of the Vikings by Brian Boru, at Clontarf in 1014, the Viking influence faded.
  21. 21. In the twelfthcentury, theNormans andtheirdescendantswere aninfluentialpresence inIreland during400 years. DURHAM CATHEDRAL
  22. 22. RELIGIOUS DIFERENCES BETWEENENGLAND AND IRELAND BECAME A SERIES OF REVOLTS IN IRELAND
  23. 23. IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY, AFTER THE BATTLES OF THE BOYNE (1690) AND AUGHRIM (1691) MANY OF THE GAELIC IRISH LEFT IRELAND AND THE PROTESTANTS MONOPOLISED POLITIC POWER AND OWNERSHIP OF THE LAND, AND PENAL LAWSDISCIRMINATED AGAINST CATHOLICS
  24. 24. IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY, THERE WAS MUCH ECONOMIC DEVELOPEMENT
  25. 25. SUSTAINED IRISH EMIGRATION BEGAN IN THEEIGHTEENTH CENTURY, AS MANY THOUSANDS OFULSTER PRESBYTERIANS AND A LESSER NUMBER OF CATHOLICS DEPARTED FOR THE NEW WORLD
  26. 26. IN THE LATE OF 1840s, A TERRIBLE FAMINEOCURRED , AND ONE MILLION PEOPLE DIED IN IRELAND.
  27. 27. THE FIRST WORLD WAR CHANGED EVERYTHING:IN 1916 A REPUBLIC WAS DECLARED IN DUBLIN AND AN ARMED INSURRECTION TOOK PLACE.
  28. 28. IN 1918 SINN FÉIN WAS THE ELECTION VICTORS.
  29. 29. WAR OF NATIONAL INDEPENDENCE ENSUED
  30. 30. IN 1921 AN ANGLO-IRISH TREATY WAS CONCLUDED, AND SIXCOUNTRIES IN NORTH-EAST ULSTER, HAD ALREADY BEENCONSTITUTEDAS NORTHERN IRELAND.
  31. 31. AS A RESULT OF THE TREATY, THE REMAINING 26 COUNTRIES FORMED THE IRISH FREE STATE, WHICHHAD DOMINIONSTATUS WITHIN THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
  32. 32. THE STABLISHMENT OF THE FREE STATEWAS FOLLOWED BY A SHORT CIVIL WARTHAT DETERMINED COLOUR ATTITUDES ANDPOLITICAL ALLEGIANCES FOR DACADES.
  33. 33. 1955 in THE UNITED NATIONS1973 in THE EUROPEAN UNION
  34. 34. ACTUALLY THERE ARE TWO LARGERPOLITICAL PARTIES IN IRELAND; WITH THELABOUR PARTY OR THE PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRATS.
  35. 35. LANGUAGESOF IRELAND ANDCURIOSITIESÍRSKA TUNGUMÁL OG INSPÉISE
  36. 36. ENGLISH & IRISH
  37. 37. Street signs
  38. 38. Use of the Irish5% frequentlyused the Irishlanguage.2% considered ittheir nativetongue.30% of thepopulation,however, claimssome proficiencyin Gaelic.
  39. 39. Ulster IrishConnacht IrishMunster Irish
  40. 40. Curiosity about the languageSorry the sadness is upon me (Tá orm Hebron)I have a car there is a car in me (Tá carr agam)I like music music is good to me (Is liom ceol Maitha) The Irish alphabethas only 18 letters.j, k, q, v, w, x, y, z.
  41. 41. "the gentleman that pays the rent"
  42. 42. Titanic was built in Belfast
  43. 43. Murder Hole
  44. 44. CLOVERTRINITY
  45. 45. IrishLiterature
  46. 46. Ireland has made enormous contributionto the literature in the world in all itbranchesIrish has the third oldest literature inEurope (after greek and latin )
  47. 47. Oscar Wilde James JoyceThe portrait of Ulysses Doryan Grey
  48. 48. IRISH MITOLOGY• IRISH MITOLOGY Irish history is full of myths and legends
  49. 49. LEPRECHAUN According to legend, if someone can fix the gaze on a leprechaun, it can not escape, but at the time the eye is removed, it disappears.
  50. 50. music anddance
  51. 51. Traditional music can be heardthroughout the year all overthe country from city centerpubs to rural festivals.
  52. 52. Sinead oconnorThe Cranberries U2
  53. 53. IRISH PUBS
  54. 54. There are many traditionalpubs whith traditional musicgroups playing live
  55. 55. IRISH CUISINE
  56. 56. IRISH BREAKFAST MUSSEL SOUPSMOKED SALMON IRISH STEW
  57. 57. STRAWBERRIES AND CREAM
  58. 58. BLACK IRISH BEER CREAM
  59. 59. NEWS
  60. 60. IRISH CURES PEDERAST
  61. 61. IRISH CURES PEDERAST The reputation of the Cardinal Sean Brady,Catholic church in admitted being at aIreland has been severely meeting wheredamaged children abused by the convicted paedophile.
  62. 62. The scandal has His comments drewalso damaged condemnationthe pope from child abuse victims groups and Jewish representatives.
  63. 63. Irish priest committed abuse, destroyed family
  64. 64. Many victims on two continents, like Helen McGonigle, are living reminders of the crimes of this pedophile priest at the center of a sex scandal in the Irish Catholic church.
  65. 65. Records dating back to the 1950s show Smyth was moved from parish to parish, . each time under a cloud of suspicion, after a family came forward to report the priest was an abuser. http://edition.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/03/17/ireland.abuse.abroad/index.html
  66. 66. HOMOSEXUAL TEACHERS COULD BE LEGALLYDESCRIMINATED AGAINST
  67. 67. Current legislation to promote equality in the workplace continues to allow religious schools to discriminate against teachers whose lifestyle they consider contrary to their religious values.
  68. 68. In 1998, religious schools may discriminate against Ireland homosexual teachers, divorced, or living with a partner without married.In June 2009 of a bill that would authorize civil unions for same-sex couples (which is currently before Parliament), although some teachers that make use of the new law may face reprisals in their centers.

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