ACTIVITY: Brainstorm a list of benefits of well-planned lessons and pitfalls of poorly planned lessons
Example: division problem (visual) compare divide multiply subtract compare bring down Compare this to the directions for making a model airplane (marketers have it right)
Teachers make 1500 decisions a day… this is where it begins Previous teacher comments and test data Cum folders Classroom observation
Let the students know your objectives, why they need to know it , and how they will use the learning. Good objective: Students will be able to illustrate clouds that signal unsettled weather. Poor objective: Students will understand that some clouds signal the approach of poor weather conditions. ACTIVITY: Have groups (2-3) write a behavioral objective for …………….
A teacher who is
attempting to teach
without inspiring the pupil
with a desire to learn is
hammering on a cold iron.
School and position
What are the qualities of
(What must a teacher know
and be able to do?)
BRAINSTORM A LIST
Know the content
development of the
Value the diversity
of the students
within the class
Create a suitable
Adapt and modify
Collaborate with all
members of the
Engage in sustained
A VISION OF
Connect the dots in the puzzle using
only four straight lines without lifting
your pen/pencil off of the paper.
How does this relate to our
INSTRUCTIONAL PLANNING AND
Plans are developed to provide students
with meaningful learning experiences
Plans connect to related learning
Teaching is based instructional strategies
that focus on best practice and research
Teaching is supported by strategies that
foster interest and progress
THE DISTRICT POLICY
Plans are a legal document
Usually required weekly to the
Plan books (district, purchased, self-
Teacher’s editions pages, student pages
Short description activities
Keeps the teacher and students on track
Achieves the objectives
Helps teachers to avoid “unpleasant”
Provides the roadmap and visuals in a logical
Provides direction to a substitute
Encourages reflection, refinement, and
Enhances student achievement
Frustration for the teacher and
No connections to prior learnings
Lack of needed materials
A waste of time
A GOOD LESSON
List of materials
Warm-up and introduction
The format of a
Go one step at a
Have a picture for
Have a minimal
reliance on words
An effective lesson plan is a set of plans for building
something – it “constructs” the learning.
The greater the structure of a
lesson and the more precise
the directions on what is to be
accomplished, the higher the
Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
What are the characteristics of the
learners in the class?
What do the students already
know and understand?
How do my students learn best?
What modifications in instruction
might I need to make?
A description of what the student
will be able to do at the end of the
Provides alignment with district
and state goals (Uses CCCS)
Use behavioral verbs to describe the
expected outcomes (ACTION)
No-no’s: appreciate, enjoy,
understand, love, etc.
Plan! Prepare! Have on hand!
Envision your needs.
List all resources.
Have enough manipulatives (when
needed) for groups or individuals.
Grab the attention of the students
PROVIDES THE INTEREST/MOTIVATION factor
Set the tone for the lesson connected to the
A discussion starter
Sets up a step-by-step plan
Provides a quick review of
Provides specific activities to
assist students in developing the
Provides modeling of a new skill
A picture is worth a thousand words.
I hear, I see………..I do!
APPLYING WHAT IS LEARNED
Provide multiple learning activities
Guided practice (teacher controlled)
Use a variety of questioning strategies
to determine the level of understanding
Practice may be differentiated
BUILD ON SUCCESS
Lesson Wrap-up: Leave students
with an imprint of what the lesson
Students summarize the major
Teacher recaps the main points
Teacher sets the stage for the next
phase of learning
Assess the learning
Teacher made test
Project to apply the
learning in real-life
Use of rubrics
What went well in the lesson?
What problems did I experience?
Are there things I could have done
How can I build on this lesson to
make future lessons successful?
The Key to substitute success – DETAILED
Children with special needs
Fire drill and emergency procedures
Helpful students, helpful colleagues (phone
Names of administrators
Expectations for the work
Packet of extra activities
A teacher is one
who brings us
tools and enables
us to use them.