. Regular verbsinfinitive + -edAdd -ed with regular verbsSometimes there are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.1) consonant after short, stressed vowel at the end of the wordDouble the consonant.stop – stoppedswap - swappedIf the consonant is not stressed, we do not double it:benefit - benefited (Here we stress the first e, not the i.) In British English we double one-l at the end of the word:travel - travelled2) one -e at the end of the word add only d.love – lovedsave – saved3) verbs ending in -yverbs ending in y preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): Add -ed.Example:I play - he playedverbs ending in y preceded by a consonant: Change y to i Then add -ed.Example:I hurry - he hurried
Pronunciation of the ending -ed in the Simple PastIn the Simple Past we add -ed to regular verbs. Be careful pronuncing the verbs:1) verbs ending in -ed preceded by a voiceless consonant [p, k, f, ʃ , ʧ , s, θ]-> speak [t].The -e is silent. Example: I stop - I stopped [stɒ pt]2) verbs ending in -ed preceded by a voiced consonant [b, g, v, ʒ , ʤ , z, ð, l, m, n] or avowel-> speak [d].The -e is silent. Example: I clean - I cleaned [kli:nd]3) verbs ending in -ed preceded by [t] or [d]-> speak [ɪ d].The -e changes to [ɪ ]. Example: I visit - I visited [vɪ zɪ tɪ d]FORM OF THE SIMPLE PASTForm the Simple Past:- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed- with irregular verbs: use the 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbsAffirmative sentences:Use the same form of the verb every time regardless the subject. regular verbs irregular verbsI played football. I went to the supermarket.
Negative sentences:Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject. regular verbs irregular verbsI did not play football. I did not go to the supermarket.NOTE: Short forms in negative sentences in the Simple Past are used quite often. regular verbs irregular verbsI didnt play football. I didnt go to the supermarket.Questions:Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject.regular verbs irregular verbsDid you play football? Did I go to the supermarket?
SIMPLE PAST - USEThe Simple Past is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. It is also calledPast Simple.Have a look at the following examples:1) action started and finished in the past (single or repeated)I visited Berlin last week.Andrew watched TV yesterday.2) series of completed actions in the pastFirst I got up, then I had breakfast.SIMPLE PAST – TIME EXPRESSIONSThese words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Past these areexpressions of time in the past.yesterdayyesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening/
last Sunday /last week / weekend/ month/ year/a month ago / a year ago / three months ago /in 2002 Irregular verbs (most common) simple past burst burst burst infinitive past participle buy bought boughtbe was/were been catch caught caughtI am I was I have been choose chose chosen he hashe is he was come came come been we have cost cost costwe are we were been cut cut cutbeat beat beaten deal dealt dealtbecome became become do did donebegin began begun draw drew drawnbet* bet bet drink drank drunkblow blew blown drive drove drivenbreak broke broken eat ate eatenbring brought brought fall fell fallenbuild built built feed fed fed
feel felt felt lend lent lentfight fought fought let let letfind found found lie lay lainfly flew flown light* lit litforget forgot forgotten lose lost lostfreeze froze frozen make made made got, gotten mean meant meantget got (AE) meet met metgive gave given pay paid paidgo went gone put put putgrow grew grown read read readhang hung hung ride rode riddenhave had had ring rang runghear heard heard rise rose risenhide hid hidden run ran runhit hit hit say said saidhold held held see saw seenhurt hurt hurt sell sold soldkeep kept kept send sent sentknow knew known set set setlay laid laid shake shook shakenlead led led steal stole stolenleave left left
shine shone shone swim swam swumshoot shot shot swing swung swungshow* showed shown take took takenshut shut shut teach taught taughtsing sang sung tear tore tornsink sank sunk tell told toldsit sat sat think thought thoughtsleep slept slept throw threw thrownslide slid slid understand understood understoodspeak spoke spoken wake* woke wokenspend spent spent wear wore wornspring sprang sprung weave wove wovenstand stood stood win won wonstick stuck stuck write wrote writtenswear swore swornsweep swept swept* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.