Picasso y el cubismo version inglesa

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Picasso y el cubismo version inglesa

  1. 1. 3.5. Picasso and Cubism
  2. 2. INFLUENCES African Sculpture
  3. 3. Iberian Sculpture
  4. 4. 1. Manet’s work 2.Cezánne’s last period And works and artists we have seen before…
  5. 5. 3. Gouguin’s work. 4. Fauvism
  6. 6. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.5.1. The Negro Period 1906-1909 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Picasso’s trip to Gòsol allowed him to isolate himself and work on new ideas which would change the art of painting forever..
  8. 8. «The Two Young Men» 1905
  9. 9. «The Toilet» 1906
  10. 10. «The harem» 1906
  11. 11. «Naked Woman» 1906
  12. 12. «Two Nudes» 1906
  13. 13. «Nude Against a Red Background» 1906
  14. 14. «Selfportrait» 1906
  15. 15. Drawings made by Picasso during his stay in Gosol. 1906
  16. 16. Drawings made by Picasso during his stay in Gosol. 1906
  17. 17. Gertrude Stein by the portrait Picasso made of her.
  18. 18. «Portrait of Gertrude Stein» 1905-1906
  19. 19. Preparatory sketches for «Les Demoiselles d’Avignon»
  20. 20. Preparatory sketches for «Les Demoiselles d’Avignon»
  21. 21. Preparatory sketches for «Les Demoiselles d’Avignon»
  22. 22. Preparatory sketches for «Les Demoiselles d’Avignon»
  23. 24. «The Vision of Saint John» El Greco 1608-1614
  24. 25. « «Les Demoiselles d’Avignon»» 1907
  25. 29. «The dance of the veils» 1908
  26. 30. «Factory in Horta» 1909
  27. 31. «Woman playing the mandolin» 1909
  28. 32. 3.5.2. Analytical Cubism 1910-1912
  29. 33. <ul><li>Main characteristics of Analytical Cubism : </li></ul><ul><li>The elements displayed on the picture are decomposed into geometric forms which overlap one over another. </li></ul><ul><li>It is almost impossible to identify the elements of the painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Range of restricted colors : green, grey, sepia and ocher. </li></ul><ul><li>Arbitrary light. </li></ul><ul><li>Homogeneity between figures and background: all seen as if through an opaque glass . </li></ul><ul><li>Most common topics: portraits, nudes and still lives with everyday objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to show the objects from every point of view, integrating these points of view into one single image. </li></ul>
  30. 34. «Portrait of Ambroise Vollard» 1910
  31. 35. «Nude, I love Eva» 1912
  32. 36. «Ma jolie (My pretty one)» 1911-1912
  33. 37. «Man with a pipe» 1911
  34. 38. «Man in hat» 1912
  35. 39. 3.5.3. Synthetic Cubism 1912-1916
  36. 40. <ul><li>Main characteristics of Synthetic Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Use of papier collé and collage: Pieces of newspapers and other objects are integrated, stuck in the painting. </li></ul><ul><li>The most significant parts of the figures are emphasized. </li></ul><ul><li>More simple structure on images. </li></ul><ul><li>Images are more easily interpreted. </li></ul><ul><li>Back to color: Shiny and plain colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of field through color gradations but without the impressionists’ atmospheres. </li></ul>
  37. 41. «Still life with chair caning» 1912
  38. 42. «Guitar» 1912
  39. 43. «Bottle of Pernod» 1914
  40. 44. «Harlequin»1915
  41. 45. «Three musicians» 1921
  42. 46. «Portrait of Olga» 1917 Picasso’s later evolution
  43. 47. Curtain for the Russian ballet’s show «Parade» 1917
  44. 48. «Two women running on the beach» 1922
  45. 49. «Three dancers» 1925
  46. 50. «The kiss» 1925
  47. 51. 1906 | The Steins introduce him to Henri Matisse. A stay in Gósol (Berguedà, Lleida). Return to Paris. 1907 | He creates Les Demoiselles d’Avignon , the starting point for Cubism. He meets Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler, who is to become his main dealer, and Georges Braque. 1908-1914 | Braque and Picasso develop Cubism. 1909 | He comes to Barcelona with Fernande and spends the summer at Horta de Sant Joan. He returns to Paris and changes address – leaving Bateau-Lavoir and moving to 11 Boulevard Clichy. 1910 | Picasso and Fernande spend a few days in summer in Barcelona and then Cadaqués. 1911 | In summer, Picasso goes to Céret where he meets with Frank Burty Haviland and Manolo Hugué. Braque also moves to Céret. In autumn, he meets Eva Gouel (Marcelle Humbert) who would become his companion. 1912 | He makes his first collages and exhibits at the Dalmau Galleries in Barcelona. After separating from Fernande, he begins his life with Eva at a new address at 242 Boulevard Raspail. 1913 | His father dies. Brief stay in Barcelona to attend the funeral. 1914 | He spends the summer months in Avignon. Braque and Derain are mobilised by the war which represents the end of Cubism as a movement. He returns to Paris with Eva in October.
  48. 52. 1915 | Eva Gouel passes away. 1916 | Jean Cocteau introduces him to Serge de Diaghilev, director of the Ballets Russes who offers him work on the ballet Parade . 1917 | A trip to Italy with Cocteau to work with the Ballets Russes. He meets the ballerina Olga Khokhlova. Parade premieres in Paris with the curtain, decoration and wardrobe by Picasso. Trip to Barcelona from June to November. 1918 | Marriage to Olga Khokhlova in Paris. They move to 23 Rue La Boétie. ‘Matisse-Picasso’ exhibition at the Paul Guillaume Gallery in Paris, organised by the dealer Rosenberg. 1919 | Trip to London to prepare The Three-Cornered Hat , the new Ballets Russes production. 1920 | Pulcinella premieres in Paris – the third collaboration with Diaghilev’s company. Joan Miró visits Picasso’s studio for the first time leading to their good friendship. 1921 | His son Paulo is born. 1923 | He meets the poet and critic André Bréton, head of the surrealist movement. He spends the summer at Cap d’Antibes. 1924 | The ballet Mercure opens in Paris with decoration and wardrobe by Picasso.
  49. 53. 3.5. 4. The Cubist schools. 3.5.4.1. The Golden Section 3.5.4.2. Orfism 3.5.4.3. Purism

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