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Middle english literature.


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This is a presentation on Middle english literature.

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Middle english literature.

  1. 1. Wendy Burgos. Diana Castiblanco. Maria Fernanda Arias. MIDDLE ENGLISH LITERATURE ENGLISH LITERATURE CLASS
  2. 2. THE MIDDLE ENGLISH LITERATURE It is divided into 4 general edges: The Early Period. The Thirteenth Century The Fourteenth Century. The Fifteenth Century. This “middle english literature” corresponds to the Medieval period. The Norman conquest of England in 1066 traditionally signifies the beginning of 200 years of the domination of French in English letters. Old English literary contains: political, and ecclesiastical documents. The English that was used from 1.100 to 1.500 is called “middle english”.
  3. 3. T H E C O N Q U E S T “The Norman conquest of England in 1066 traditionally signifies the beginning of 200 years of the domination of French in English letters. French cultural dominance, moreover, was general in Europe at this time. French language and culture replaced English in polite court society and had lasting effects on English culture.” ... “After the Norman conquest of England, Law French became the standard language of courts, parliament, and society. The Norman dialects of the ruling classes mixed with the Anglo-Saxon of the people and became Anglo- Norman, and Anglo-Saxon underwent a gradual transition into Middle English.”
  4. 4. EDGES The Early Period The 13th Century The 14th Century The 15th Century • Poetry is the principal form of literary expression. • Several poems in early Middle English are extant and written in old English. • Is interested on linguistic and prosodic purposes rather than literary. • Continues in the tradition of Anglo- Saxon prose directed toward ordinary people rather than polite society. • The romance, an important continental narrative verse form, was introduced in England. • 13th-century works retain elements of the Anglo-Saxon heroic tradition. • The latter portion of the 14th century also saw not only the consolidation of English as a written language and a shift to secular writing. William Caxton printed four-fifths of his works in English, which helped to standardize the language and expand the vocabulary. • Literary work is mostly satiric and combines medieval and Renaissance elements. • Morality Play probably arose in part from the desire of religious writers to teach the principles of Christian. -the medieval drama. -liturgical plays. -mystery plays.
  5. 5. C H A R A C T E R I S T I C S The literary writings are in Old English. Middle English requires the constant help of a glossary. Chaucer's "The General Prologue to The Canterbury Tales" has long been recognized as one of the greatest masterpieces of English literature. Medieval works of literature often center on the inevitability, sadness, change, loss, and death; and the vanity of human grandeur. The greatest poet of that time was GEOFFREY CHAUCER.
  6. 6. GEOFFREY CHAUCER English poet 1343–1400
  7. 7. EARLY LIFE
  8. 8. EARLY LIFE
  9. 9. CHAUCER’S LITERARY WORK • Parliament of foules • Troilus and Crisedy • The legend of good women • The canterbury tales
  10. 10. Growing audience A panorama of most serious, often melancholic, diverse folk of many social classes (castle, monochrome gray, loyalty to the lord, barnyard, town) The appearance of leasure desperate courage in defeat Major theme: agony of the lordless man, code continued but became chivalric Social alienation, noble and heroic deeds; agony of alienation, physical hardships for audience: almost exclusively male Lords and the sovereign lady C H A R A C T E R I S T I C S IN THE WRITIGS
  11. 11. THE CANTERBURY TALES The Canterbury Tales is a collection of over 20 stories written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer at the end of the 14th century, during the time of the Hundred Years' War.
  12. 12. The canterbury tales (-california dreamin- by the mamas and the papas)
  13. 13. Nobody knows exactly in what order Chaucer intended to present the tales, or even if he had a specific order in mind for all of them. Eighty-two early manuscripts of the tales survive, and many of them vary considerably in the order in which they present the tales. ORDER OF THE CANTERBU RY TALES
  14. 14.  The Canterbury Tales is written in Middle English, which bears a close visual resemblance to the English written and spoken today. In contrast, Old English (the language of Beowulf, for example) can be read only in modern translation or by students of Old English. LANGUAGE IN THE CANTERBURY TALES
  15. 15. Chaucer's characters each express different— sometimes vastly different—views of reality, creating an atmosphere of relativism.
  16. 16.  “Long ago in Ancient Greece, a great conqueror and duke named Theseus ruled the city of Athens. One day, four women kneel in front of Theseus’s horse and weep, halting his passage into the city. The eldest woman informs him that they are grieving the loss of their husbands, who were killed at the siege of the city of Thebes. Creon, the lord of Thebes, has dishonored them by refusing to bury or cremate their bodies. Enraged at the ladies’ plight, Theseus marches on Thebes, which he easily conquers. After returning the bones of their husbands to the four women for the funeral rites, Theseus discovers two wounded enemy soldiers lying on the battlefield, nearing death. Rather than kill them, he mercifully heals the Theban soldiers’ injuries, but condemns them to a life of imprisonment in an Athenian tower…” The Knight’s Tale, Parts 1–2 → Fragment 1, lines 859–1880
  17. 17. OTHER LITERARY WORK Examples: • The legends of ancient Greece and Rome. • The British legends of King Arthur • The Knights of the Round Table
  18. 18.  english.html  usti_Maria%20Iosifina/AVGOUSTI_CALL1_PROGRAMMING/pag e3.html  BIBLIOGRAPHY