Kingdom of saudi arabia


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Kingdom of saudi arabia

  1. 1.  
  2. 2.  Article 3  The state's flag shall be as follows:  (a) It shall be green.  (b) Its width shall be equal to two-thirds of it's length.  (c) The words "There is but one God and Mohammed is His Prophet" shall be inscribed in the center with a drawn sword under it. The statute shall define the rules pertaining to it.
  3. 3. People of various cultures have lived in the peninsula over a span of more than 5,000 years. The Dilmun culture, along the Persian Gulf coast, was contemporaneous with the Sumerians and ancient Egyptians, and most of the empires of the ancient world traded with the states of the peninsula. Except for a few major cities and oases, the harsh climate historically prevented much settlement of the Arabian Peninsula.
  4. 4.  First Saudi State  established in the year 1744 (1157 A.H.)  when leader Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abd al Wahhab settled in Diriyah and Prince Mohammed Ibn Saud agreed to support and espouse his cause, with a view to cleansing the Islamic faith from distortions.  The House of Saud with other allies rose to become the dominant state in Arabia controlling most of the Najd, but not either coast.  This Saudi state lasted for about seventy-five years.  tml
  5. 5.  Second Saudi State  The state lasted until 1891 when it succumbed to the Al Rashid dynasty of Ha'il. In 1902 Ibn Saud reconquered Riyadh, the first of a series of conquests leading to the creation of the modern nation state of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
  6. 6.  Third Saudi state  founded by the late King Abdul Aziz Al-Saud (known internationally as Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud).  In 1902 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud captured Riyadh, the Al-Saud dynasty's ancestral capital, from the rival Al-Rashid family.  Continuing his conquests, Abdul Aziz subdued Al-Hasa, the rest of Nejd, and the Hijaz between 1913 and 1926.  On January 8, 1926 Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud became the King of Hijaz.  On January 29, 1927 he took the title King of Nejd (his previous Nejdi title was Sultan).  By the Treaty of Jedda, signed on May 20, 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul Aziz's realm (then known as the Kingdom of Hijaz and Nejd).  In 1932, these regions were unified as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The discovery of oil on March 3, 1938 in Dhahran transformed the country.
  7. 7.  Abd al-Aziz Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa'ud
  8. 8. LEGAL SYSTEM Islamic Law (Shari’ah) POLITICAL SYSTEM Monarchy HEAD OF STATE King. The Saudi Arabian Basic Law mandates that the throne remains in the possession of the sons and descendants of the kingdom’s founder. HEAD OF GOVERNMENT King SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES Divided into 13 provinces. Each province is governed by a prince or member of the royal family. SUBLOCAL ENTITIES Cities LANGUAGE Arabic
  9. 9.  Saudi Arabia has no formal constitution.  However, by Royal Decree in 1992, the King implemented the BASIC LAW of GOVERNANCE. • Informal Constitution, articulates the government's rights and responsibilities, was established by royal decree in 1992. Basic Law • Formal ConstitutionQur’an and Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammed
  10. 10.  Rule passes to the sons of the founding King, Abd al-Aziz Bin Abd al-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa'ud, and to their children's children. The most upright among them is to receive allegiance in accordance with the principles of the Holy Koran and the Tradition of the Venerable Prophet.  The King chooses the Heir Apparent and relieves him of his duties by Royal order.  (d) The Heir Apparent is to devote his time to his duties as an Heir Apparent and to whatever missions the King entrusts him with.  (e) The Heir Apparent takes over the powers of the King on the latter's death until the act of allegiance has been carried out.
  11. 11.  Article 7 o Government in Saudi Arabia derives power from the Holy Koran and the Prophet's tradition.  Article 8 [Government Principles] o Government in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is based on the premise of justice, consultation, and equality in accordance with the Islamic Shari'ah.
  12. 12. 
  13. 13.  The King is also the prime minister, chief of state, the head of government, and commander in chief of the military of Saudi Arabia.  The monarchy is hereditary, so there are no elections for the role.  The King's Cabinet, or Council of Ministers, is appointed by the King every four years, and includes many family members. There are 22 government ministries that are part of the Cabinet.
  14. 14.  This is made up of a Consultative Council (also known as Majlis as-Shura or Shura Council) advises the King on issues that are important to Saudi Arabia  The Consultative Council currently consists of 150 members appointed by the King for a four-year renewable term.  Based on their experience, members are assigned to committees. There are 12 committees that deal with human rights, education, culture, information, health and social affairs, services and public utilities, foreign affairs, security, administration, Islamic affairs, economy and industry, and finance.
  15. 15.  In September 2011, King Abdullah announced that women would have the right to be appointed to the Consultative Council.  And, in January 2013, the King appointed 30 women to serve four-year terms on the Council, following passing of a law stating that women should constitute at least 20% of the Council's membership.
  16. 16.  No legislature in Saudi Arabia.  Laws originate from the Council of Ministers of Majlis Al- Shura.  The King governs with the assistance and advice of the Council of Ministers (Cabinet) = composes of 22 ministry departments.  The Council drafts resolution which are binding upon a majority vote of the members, but enactment of the resolution is dependent upon ratification by the King’s decree.
  17. 17.  The country is governed and justice is administered according to Islamic law.  The Saudi court system consists of three main parts. The largest is the Shari’ah Courts, which hear most cases in the Saudi legal system.  The Shari’ah courts are organized into several categories: Courts of the First Instance (Summary and General Courts), Courts of Cassation and the Supreme Judicial Council.
  18. 18. Supreme Judicial Council Administrative body by supervising the lower courts Courts of Cassation Court of Appeals: criminal law, personal status suits, etc. Courts of First Instance Trial courts: general courts (outside the jurisdiction of summary court) and summary courts (minor and civil and criminal cases.)
  19. 19.  Supplementing the Shari’ah courts is the Board of Grievances, which hears cases that involve the government. The third part of the Saudi court system consists of various committees within government ministries that address specific disputes, such as labor issues.  Justice is administered by a system of religious courts whose judges are appointed by the King on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council.  The independence of the judiciary is protected by law. The King acts as the highest court of appeal and has the power to pardon
  20. 20.  References:  saudi-arabia.html  information/government/basic_system_of_government.a spx