1 Author S Purpose Point Of View Tone Intro Drills


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Presentaciòn de diferentes autores de teorìas educativas contemporàneas

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1 Author S Purpose Point Of View Tone Intro Drills

  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The faculty spent most of the morning complaining about the quality of our students. They said this program would never work if we did not recruit young people who were better prepared.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ What did you tell them?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I listened as long as I could,” he said, “but they could not get off their blame-the-student. Finally I said that they sounded like doctors in a hospital saying, “Don’t send us any more sick people – we don´t know what to do with hem. Send us healthy patients so we can look like good doctors.” From: Parker J. Palmer in </li></ul><ul><li>The courage to teach. </li></ul>
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS <ul><li>Author´s purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>The reason for creating a particular work is the author´s purpose. There are several reasons that authors write. </li></ul><ul><li>Inform to teach someone about something </li></ul><ul><li>To entertain people </li></ul><ul><li>To persuade or convince their audience to do or not to do something. </li></ul><ul><li>The author´s purpose can be stated or implied. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Point of view: </li></ul><ul><li>The author´s point of view is the position or standpoint from which the author considers a writing topic. Often the author´s point of view includes the beliefs or assumptions that the author makes about a topic. An author´s point of view might also reflect biases or personal judgment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Tone: </li></ul><ul><li>Tone reveals the emotions and attitudes a writer takes toward an audience, the subject or a character. Tone can take many forms: </li></ul><ul><li>Positive: tone can be happy, proud, joyful, silly or any of a hundred similar emotions. Over and over again, the passage will use words that convey a good feeling about the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Negative: tone can be unhappy, sad, angry, cynical, bitter. By choosing negative words, the writer communicates bad feelings about a topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral: words can be lack of feeling or emotion toward the subject. If this is the case, the tone can be considered neutral. </li></ul>
  6. 6. There are five key reasons that make the author’s purpose in writing: <ul><li>To relay information. </li></ul><ul><li>To entertain the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>To persuade or convince the reader concerning a certain point of view. (Language Arts teachers can also teach propaganda techniques here.) </li></ul><ul><li>To enlighten the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>To reveal an important truth. </li></ul>
  7. 10. AUTHOR´S PURPOSE <ul><li>Narrative:To tell a story </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive: To illustrate a person, event, or place; to convey a mood </li></ul><ul><li>Expository: To explain, illustrate, or present information </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive: To express an opinion and convince a reader to think/feel/act a certain way </li></ul>
  8. 11. Author´s point of view <ul><li>Type of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Fiction (including short stories, poems and novels) The author may use characters or a narrator to express attitudes in the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-fiction (including informative news accounts, articles, biographies, and documentaries) The author’s point of view is primarily neutral. </li></ul><ul><li>Informative writing is used to explain, describe, or instruct. </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive pieces (including editorials and advertisements) The point of view clearly reflects the author’s attitude about a subject. Sometimes the opinion is directly stated and other times it is implied. The author may try to convince readers to believe something, feel a certain way, or take action by appealing to their feelings, and/or values. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Tone describes the attitude the author has taken in the passage. The reader can describe this with words depicting emotions in such statements as: the author sounds angry, sad, happy, cynical, serious, etc. <ul><li>Angry, stiff, dramatic, optimistic, sad, </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious, relaxed, fearful, pessimistic, tragic, Rude, happy, hysterical, humorous, satirical, Calm, lofty, expectant, threatening, serious </li></ul><ul><li>Excited, sympathetic, sarcastic, relieved, Cynical, objective, frustrated </li></ul>
  10. 13. EXAMPLES <ul><li>“ You child needs a backpack or, if you wish to have a truly modern, state-of-the-art schoolchild- an actual airline-style suitcase with a handle and wheels. In my neighborhood I see elementary-school students hauling these bags around, and I say to myself, “They are in SECOND grade! What are they CARRYING in there? But that is not the point. The point is, American students may not have the best educational test scores when compared to foreign students, or even certain species of foreign plants, but by gosh or kids lead the world in cubic feet of academic carrying capacity.” </li></ul><ul><li>From Dave Berry. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Is every strange light in the sky an alien spaceship until proven otherwise? That seems to be the prevailing attitude these days among people who have spotted UFO´S. That acronym, I might remind you, means Unidentified Flying Object, not Identified Flying Object. Whatever happened to good old skepticism, to withholding your opinion until the evidence is in? Or, if you must have an opinion, why not base it on more sensible speculation? Isn´t there anybody out there who thinks that at least some of these UFO´S might be top-secret military experiments? That seems to me to be a more likely explanation than visitors from another planet. </li></ul><ul><li>From Buckle Down Reading. 10th. Grade. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>What a beautiful day! There can never be enough days like this. The sun feels great on my face. I´ve seen so many people walk by my house this morning. There´s a carnival in the park a couple of block away, I can hear the happy sounds of the merry-go-round carried on the breeze, along with the delicious smell of hot dogs. Tonight there will be a concert by the Frontstreet Boys. They´re the greatest! </li></ul><ul><li>From Buckle Down Reading 9th. Grade. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>“ Yesterday I was a dog. Today, I´m a dog. Tomorrow, I´ll probably still be a dog. Sigh!! There´s so little hope for advancement.” </li></ul><ul><li>By Charles Schulz- writing for the character, Snoopy. </li></ul>