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Depression Powerpoint-Mae Krasniewicz

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Depression Powerpoint-Mae Krasniewicz

  1. 1. DEPRESSION Presentation by Mae Krasniewicz
  2. 2. BACKGROUND AND HISTORY • Hippocrates • 400 BC • Mental illness • Initially named Melancholia
  3. 3. ASSOCIATED DISORDERS Associated disorders of depression are: • Major Depression • Bipolar disorder • Psychotic depression • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
  4. 4. OTHER SPECIES • Many scientists believe depression in animals exists • Especially in caged animals • Mice, dogs, monkeys, elephants, etc.
  5. 5. • Higher risk GENETICS • Depression isn’t one defective gene • Each person inherits a unique combination of genes
  6. 6. • Genetically TRANSMISSION/SPREADING • Greater possibility if around a depressed person
  7. 7. • Alcoholism/drug abuse • Smoking • Childhood traumas • Sexual abuse BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTORS
  8. 8. SEASONAL CLIMATE • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) • Depression that is related to seasonal changes • Usually in winter
  9. 9. WHAT AGE? • No specific age • Anyone at any age can become depressed • Although, the elderly have the highest risk
  10. 10. WHO DOES IT AFFECT? • Different for everyone • Both women and men • Depression runs in the family • People with a history of abuse • Most likely adults and elders
  11. 11. STATISTICS • Affects about 14.8 million American adults • Leading cause of disability in the U.S • 30,000 suicides each year in the U.S • 121 million people worldwide suffer from depression
  12. 12. BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES AND ABNORMALITIES • Lack of Serotonin • Neurotransmitters function is disrupted • LHPA (Limbic-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis)
  13. 13. ORGAN SYSTEMS INVOLVED • The nervous system • The brain • Neurotransmitters
  14. 14. AFFECTING DAILY ROUTINE Depression makes everything seem very dull, and with that, it interferes with: • Eating • Sleeping • Normal interaction with friends and family
  15. 15. • Loss of interest and energy • Appetite & sleep changes SYMPTOMS • Self-loathing • Feelings of hopelessness
  16. 16. TESTS A HEALTH PROVIDER WOULD DO TO DIAGNOSE • Physical exam • Lab tests • Psychological evaluation
  17. 17. • Therapy • SSRIs TREATING THE DISORDER
  18. 18. CURRENT RESEARCH • The Mood and Anxiety Disorder Program (MAP) • Low Field Magnetic Stimulation (LFMS)
  19. 19. • The total economic burden od depression in 2000 was 83 million • Health expenditures for mental health services were about 100 million • Medication costs range from 28$-600$ a month • Hospitalization for a couple days could cost you a couple thousand dollars COST OF DISORDER
  20. 20. CONCLUSION • Most interesting thing I’ve learned was about Seasonal Affective Disorder • National Institute of Mental Health • I’d like to know more specific details about the origins • People should know that this is a serious disorder, and we need to shed more light on it
  21. 21. SOURCES Works Cited "Age and Depression." NCBI. NIH, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. Beilock, Sian. "Is Depression Contagious." Psychology Today. Sussex Directories, 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. Bobinchock, Adriana. "New Treatment for Depression." Harvard. Hardvard, 28 July 2014. Web. 5 Dec. 2014. "Depression." Beyond Blue. Beyond Blue, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Depression." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 25 Nov. 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Depression." National Institute of Mental Health. National Institutes of Health, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Depression." UMM. U of Maryland Medical Center, 21 June 2013. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Depression." WHO. WHO, Oct. 2012. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Depression Research." MSSM. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2014. "Depression Statisitcs." DBSalliance. Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. Ingber, Sasha. "Do Animals Get Depressed?" National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 4 Oct. 2012. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Major Depression and Genetics." Stanford. Stanford School Of Medicine, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "Molecular Basis of Addiction and Medicine." MSSM. Mount Sinai School of Medicine, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. Nemade, Rashmi, Natalie Staats Reiss, and Mark Dombeck. "Depression: Major Depression & Unipolar Varieties." Mental Help. Centersite, 19 Sept. 2007. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "What Causes Depression?" Harvard. Harvard U, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014. "What is Depression?" National Alliance on Mental Illness. NAMI, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.

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