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Art nouveau

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Art nouveau

  1. 1. Art Nouveau Cabrera Patrimonio Laperal Naoe Reyes, C Kaluag
  2. 2. Art Nouveau • Means “New Art” • Ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1914 throughout Europe and the United States. • It was a deliberate attempt to create a new style, free of the imitative historicism that dominated much of 19th-century art and design. • Art Nouveau developed first in England and soon spread to the European continent
  3. 3. Other names of Art Nouveau • Nieuwe Kunst In Netherland • Jugendstil in Germany • Arte Joven, in Spain • Secession, in Austria • Stile Liberty, in Italy
  4. 4. Siegfried Bing German naturalized French in 1876, Siegfried Bing (later called Samuel Bing) was the founder in 1895 of " La Maison de l'Art Nouveau " in Paris : it was his art gallery and exhibition hall that gave its name to the famous artistic Style Art Nouveau.
  5. 5. • Art Nouveau was aimed at modernizing design, seeking to escape the eclectic historical styles that had previously been popular. • The movement was committed to abolishing the traditional hierarchy of the arts, which viewed so-called liberal arts, such as painting and sculpture, as superior to craft-based decorative arts. • The practitioners of Art Nouveau sought to revive good workmanship, raise the status of craft, and produce genuinely modern design.
  6. 6. Inspirations Arts and Crafts Movement Japanese Art • Led by William Morris • reaction against the cluttered designs and compositions of Victorian-era decorative art • Handcraftsmanship • Highly expressive paintings of post impressionist • the flat perspective and strong colors of Japanese wood block prints • (Olive green, carnation pink and periwinkle blue) • “Whiplash” curves were derived
  7. 7. “Whiplash” curves Art Nouveau typically employed intricate curvilinear patterns of sinuous asymmetrical lines, often based on plant-forms
  8. 8. Other Influences and prominent features: • Rythmic floral patterns, is often considered the first realization of Art Nouveau • 2D imagery (Japan) • Nature illustrations of deep sea creatures and plants were used as references
  9. 9. Characteristics • Moved away from imitation of real subjects and moved towards flowing and twisting lines of nature • Inspired by the lines and shapes of nature • united flowing, natural forms with more angular contours • Art Nouveau designers also believed that all the arts should work in harmony to create a "total work of art“ • Art Nouveau was a short-lived movement whose brief incandescence was a precursor of modernism, which emphasized function over form and the elimination of superfluous ornament.
  10. 10. Art Nouveau embraced all forms of art and design: • architecture • furniture • glassware • graphic design • jewelry • painting • pottery • metalwork • textile
  11. 11. ARCHITECTURE FEATURES Art Nouveau buildings have many of these features: • Asymmetrical shapes • Extensive use of arches and curved forms • Curved glass • Curving, plant-like embellishments • Mosaics • Stained glass • Japanese motifs
  12. 12. Pierre Francastel Divides Art Nouveau into two main tendencies that could broadly termed the organic and the rationalist
  13. 13. Rationalist: Mackintosh school Glasglow, Scotland 1897-1909 -dependent on the straight line Organic: Gaudi house Barcelona, Spain 1903 -gives precedence to the curved line and floral shapes
  14. 14. Stephan Tschudi Madsen (Art Historian) proposed a more subtle classification, but still relies on an assumed antagonism between four designs
  15. 15. In his book Sources of Art Nouveau, he describes for styles: 1. An abstract, structural style with a strong symbolic and dynamic tendency (France & Belgium) (Horta, Guimard, Van de Velde) Henry Van de Velde’s house
  16. 16. 2. A floral approach focuding on organic plant forms (Galle, Majorelle, Vallin) Aquarium Pavillion
  17. 17. 3. The linear, flat approach, with a heavy symbolic element (Glasglow group, Mackintosh) Glasgow School of Art by Charles Rennie Mackintosh
  18. 18. 4. A structured, geometric style (Austria & Germany) (Wagner, Olbrich, Hoffmann, Loos) Majolikahaus in Vienna by Otto Wagner
  19. 19. Victor Horta (Belgian architect and designer) (January 6, 1861 - September 8 1947)
  20. 20. Hotel Tassel Brussels, Belgium Construction started 1893 Completed 1894 (1st Art Nouveau Building in the World)
  21. 21. Stairway of Tassel House, Brussels
  22. 22. Hôtel van Eetvelde Brussels, Belgium Construction started 1898 Completed 1900
  23. 23. Hôtel van Eetvelde office : fireplace
  24. 24. Hôtel Solvay Brussels, Belgium Construction started 1898 Completed 1900
  25. 25. Castel Berange r Paris, France 1890 circa
  26. 26. Details
  27. 27. Paris Metro Entrances Paris, France 1899 to 1905
  28. 28. Louis Sullivan (American architect) (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) "father of skyscrapers“ "father of modernism“ one of "the recognized trinity of American architecture"
  29. 29. Wainwright Building Missouri, USA 1890 to 1891 Height: 44.81 meters / 147 feet Stories: 10
  30. 30. Charles Rennie Mackintosh
  31. 31. The Light House Glasglow, Scotland Completed in 1895
  32. 32. Casa Milà Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain 1905-1907
  33. 33. Casa Battlo Barcelona, Spain 1905-1907
  34. 34. La Sagrad a Familia (The Holy Family) Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain 1882-2026
  35. 35. Parque Güell Barcelona, Spain 1900 to 1914 Parque Güell, or Guell Park is surrounded by an undulating mosaic wall.
  36. 36. FURNITURE Henri Van De Velde • Henri van de Velde was very influential in the birth of Belgian Art Nouveau Style. • In 1896 he presented his furniture works in Samuel Bing's gallery "L'Art Nouveau" in Paris and became internationally known.
  37. 37. LAMPS
  38. 38. GLASSWARE, POTTERY
  39. 39. JEWELRY Brooch, ca. 1900 Gold, enamel, mother–of– pearl, opal, emerald, colored stones, gold paint; Diam. 1/2 in. (1.3 cm)
  40. 40. PAINTINGS
  41. 41. • The Scream, 1895 Edvard Munch (Norwegian, 1863– 1944)
  42. 42. GRAPHIC ARTS • Moulin Rouge: La Goulue, 1891
  43. 43. Others
  44. 44. Fall of Art Nouveau & Birth of Art Deco • When Art Nouveau fell out of fashion in the 1920s and 1930s, it was replaced by the clean, simple geometries of Art Deco. • The extravagant curves of Art Nouveau were seen as old-fashioned and viewed with contempt.
  45. 45. • Many Art Nouveau products were put away, spurned, or destroyed. • Rooms once decorated in what had been the height of fashion were redecorated to conform to the latest taste.
  46. 46. • http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/artn/hd_artn.ht m • http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/36571/Ar t-Nouveau • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Nouveau • http://www.nga.gov/feature/nouveau/exhibit_intro.sh tm • http://www.theartstory.org/movement-art-nouveau. htm • http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/artn/hd_artn.ht m

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