English Public Speaking Checklist & Map 20-Jun-2013

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A cheat sheet for non native speaker.
Editing by Dario Morandotti of the lessons held by Marion Odell - British Council Milan November 2012

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English Public Speaking Checklist & Map 20-Jun-2013

  1. 1. ADVANCED PRONUNCIATION & PUBLIC SPEAKING – A MAP FOR NON-NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS 1/2more a cheat sheet! based on lessons held by Marion Odell at British Council in Milan – November 2012, editing by Dario MorandottiThe Bare Truth - Learned strategies tend to be abandoned in stress situations. They need to be internalized with practice.Inform EducatePersuade Entertain1) Strategy: What goal? What’s in for me?A- Introduction• Start with a bang (if applicable)• What topic, why• Who you are• What route, how long will take, what will be seen along the route• Invite to collaborate or to question - at the end or along the road• Remember the policy (cell phone, laptop, etc. – if applicable)B- Body• Summary before moving to next point (applicable onlyto long presentation)C- Conclusion• Closing remarks• Link to introduction• Next steps• Call to action or set a challenge; leave a quotationD- Questions (if applicable)• Check understanding (repeat and rephrase if necessary)• Address with a strategy (Deal, Define, Defuse, Divide, Defer, Disarm, Decline) – can bea multiple strategyE- Closure• References and material information• Feedback (if applicable)• Thanks everyone, give credit (if applicable)1.Draft the key points on paper or on tools (Mind Mapping is great) – don’t wait midnight of theday before2.Develop visual aids• PowerPoint or Prezi or drawing on the whiteboard (or a mix)• Reuse already tested material• Write titles as compelling short sentences – benefit oriented; only one concept per slide;1 to 3 min speech per slide• Graphics eat words for lunch• Put some dynamic and tension point (eye capturing) in the slide• Use animation (with care)• Seek advice from the graphic professional!• PowerPoint it’s only a tool …3.Briefly script your speech; average sentence should last 5-6 seconds and have 5 stressedwords4.Check & improve your script for pace, stress (tonic, emphatic or contrastive), chunking,short/long pauses, transitional phrases, signposts, cleft sentences, inversions, repetitions,plural/singular verbs, articles, adverbs position, jargons, terms and acronyms5.Record/film yourself (or test with a friend):1.First Rehearsal with script and visuals – control time, check grammar, syntax, pronunciation(use dictionary for proper accent - most difficult are the aspirated “h”, the initial “th” andthe past tense ending in “ed”), raising / lowering intonation; restructure script if necessary2.Second Rehearsal only with visuals and standing up - refine, improve vocabulary, check andimprove your body language, learn by heart the first two sentences;sense check all: “Am I telling bs?”6.Perfect your visuals and signposts for your speech; every details count here; they will readbefore you can talk of the point; decide if/what/when distribute material7.You are ready. Sleep well and take time to relax. Arrive early and check room and hardware,devil is in the details3) Speech structure2) Before the presentation: it’s build time1.Control your speed with milestones; not too fast (for non-English mother tongue -> speeddoesn’t mean fluency) and not too slow2.Control intonation, avoid monotone3.Check if people are following4.Control your body language:• Stand up and go on the stage• Posture upright, head up• Make eyes contact and move slowly, do not shift continuously• Nod and do not frown• Don’t check your watch with evidence (search in advance if a wall clock is visible)• Comfortable arms, palms up, no fiddling• Don’t scratch your head (or else …)4) During the presentation: controlImprovisationwon’t work.Be prepared!Remember: they are comingfrom another organization,not another planet!Avoid “death byPowerPoint”!Add the“human touch”,favor interaction,allow some flexibilitySee Minto PyramidPrinciple® approachon next pageFor Q&A see KeesGarman’s approachon next pageFor more helpwww.howjsay.com – pronunciation (also iPhone/Android app), http://dictionary.cambridge.org & http://www.merriam-webster.com/ dictionarieson line with pronunciation, http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/pron/sounds/ - phonetic alphabet & pronunciation tips,http://www.usingenglish.com – collection of tools and resourcesFor more helpwww.howjsay.com – pronunciation (also iPhone/Android app), http://dictionary.cambridge.org & http://www.merriam-webster.com/ dictionarieson line with pronunciation, http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/grammar/pron/sounds/ - phonetic alphabet & pronunciation tips,http://www.usingenglish.com – collection of tools and resourcesFor typicalsignpostingsee next pageFor moretechniques seenext pageKISS -keep it short andsimple
  2. 2. ADVANCED PRONUNCIATION & PUBLIC SPEAKING – A MAP FOR NON-NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS 2/2more a cheat sheet! based on lessons held by Marion Odell at British Council in Milan – November 2012, editing by Dario MorandottiPauses – Chose the right one/ short // long U stressed wordsExample from the movie “Disclosure”:“What’re selling here is freedom./We offer throughtechnology what religion and revolution have promisedand never delivered.//Freedom from the physicalbody,/freedom from race and gender,/from nationalityand personality,/from place and time.//”Cleft Sentences – An elegant way to emphasize• What + spotlighted information+ is + finishing• It’s + spotlighted information+ that + finishing• What happens + spotlighted information+ is + finishingExamples:“They are using technology for …” -> “What they aredoing is using the technology for …”The project is doing well because …” -> It’s because …that the project is proceeding well …”“The system is able to …” -> What happens is thesystem is able to …”Inversion – Give a formal touch to the presentation• Inversion: adverbial + inversion subject/verb (as ininterrogative form)Examples:“Not only gives John visibility over projects but also …”“Under no circumstances must Mary be …”“No sooner had the assessment started than we found …”Signposting – Key words that mark the stages“…move on” – passing to the next point“…turn to” – changing to a new topic“…expand/elaborate” – giving more details“…digress” – going a bit off topic“…go back” – referring to an earlier point“…summarize” – giving the outline of the point“…recap” – repeating the main points“…remark” – closingQuestions? “Actually I’m glad you asked that…”Kees Garman’s system: buy time, classify questions in 6types and reply with 8 D* strategy1. GOOD -> DEAL with it straight away2. DIFFICULT -> DEFINE exactly what the question isthen DEFLECT to someone else or DEFER until later(parking lot) or DISARM admitting you don’t know orDECLINE but give a reason3. OFF TOPIC -> DEFINE exactly what the question isthan DEFER until later (parking lot)4. UNNECESSARY -> DEAL with it straight away briefly5. MULTIPLE -> DIVIDE into sub-questions6. HOSTILE -> DEFUSE negativity before answering,then DEAL with itThe Minto Pyramid Principle® (the logic in writing)Narrative pattern of story-telling:• Situation – what we know• Complication – a change or perturbation• Question – what or how to do• Answer – finding or recommendationThe parts in a whole:• Mutually exclusive of each other• Collectively exhaustive• Limited to the underlying logic of the effect orcategoryReasoning:• Deductive – Start with rule and demonstrate validityby applying to a case and checking the results• Inductive - Different cases leading to various resultsthat infer the rule• Abductive - Test a number of hypotheses, thesuccessful turn into a rulePyramid:Grouping a number of sentences into a paragraph withlogical relationship. Sentences are needed to expressa single idea in the paragraph and are a summary ofthe ideas in the paragraphs one level below.Exactly as bringing together sections to form adocument and the single idea of the documentexpressed in the executive summary.Check if the pyramid grouping is correct:• Ideas at any level in the pyramid must always besummaries of the ideas grouped below them• Ideas in each grouping must always be of the samekind of idea• Ideas in each grouping must always be logicallyorderedwww.barbaraminto.comStress – The foundation for correct intonation• Tonic – main syllable receive the most;“That was a difficult test” (U stressed syllable)• Emphatic – calls attention to extraordinary;“That was a difficult test” (hints: extremely,terribly, completely, utterly, especially, etc.)• Contrastive – point out the difference;“That was a difficult test”

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