DEFINITION OF QUESTION It is a technique by which teacher can measure the degree of understanding of the students and student can clarify any point not clear to them.
PURPOSE OF QUESTIONING To find out the level of knowledge achieved/not achieved To develop the thinking ability To establish relationship between instructor and trainees To evaluate the performance of the trainees and success of the teaching To obtain attention of wandering minds
TYPES OF QUESTIONSThere are five types of questions used in theclassroom: Cognitive questions Convergent questions Divergent questions Evaluating questions Clarification questions
COGNITIVE MEMORY QUESTIONSThese questions are for the recall of memory.They are generally put at the end of lesson.They can also be asked during the course oflesson to keep the class mentally alert. e.gWhat do you understand by learning?
CONVERGENT QUESTIONSThese questions are thought provoking andhave a single correct answer. Answer remainunchanged under the all circumstances. e.gWhy does ice float on water?
DIVERGENT QUESTIONSThese are open ended question that cause thestudent to think but have no single correctanswer. These question stimulates creativethinking and imagination. e.g What do youthink how can we improve the security of PNestablishment during current situation?
EVALUATING QUESTIONSIn these question student pass judgments ofsome action by giving reasons. These are toseek opinion of the trainee. e.g In lord testInzamam ul Haq took the team out of grounddue to umpire decision and Pakistan lost thatmatch. Was there any wisdom in that act?
CLARIFICATION QUESTIONAsked by the students at the end of the lessonif any point not clear to them. No instructorshould leave the class without giving themopportunity to clear their doubts.
TECHNIQUES OF EFFECTIVE QUESTIONS Questions must be thought provoking Question must be simple and precise Current and former lesson must be interlinked in a proper way Embarrassing or Frustrating questions should not be asked Question must be purposeful Question must be asked according to ability and subject matter discussed Questions should not base on answer with Yes or NO only
PROPER METHOD OF ASKING QUESTIONS Question should be put to the whole class. There should be a pause to give trainees time to think. Nominate someone to answer the selected question. Repeat the correct answer. Provide them correct answer if the answer is not correct.
POINT TO BE AVOIDED Question with guess possibility Having no directive towards particular objective Too rapid flow of question You are not sure of answer Repeat question Too difficult question for slow learner And easy question for bright learner Book language Giving chance too often to one student