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Seminar on Cyclone engine ppt

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The Cyclone Engine is built of three major components, the Steam Generator, Piston Block, and Condenser. The working fluid, deionized water, travels continuously through these three components. Beginning in the steam generator, moving into the pistons, then to the condenser, and finally pumped back into the steam generator.

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Seminar on Cyclone engine ppt

  1. 1. THE CYCLONE ENGINE (USES ANY FUEL WITH NO ENGINE MODIFICATION) (SEMINAR SUB CODE:10ME86L) GUIDE:PROF. MUZAKKIR AHMED KHAN PRESENTING BY MADHUSUDHAN KUMAR B S (1HK12ME034) MECH ENGG ,8TH SEM HKBK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DEPARMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SEMINAR ON:
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  How It Works  The process of C E  Heat regenerative engine(CE) OPERATION  Why It's Better  Parts comparison of IC engine & cyclone engine  Advantages (bio fuels)  Applications  Technical Information(Fig)
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION The Cyclone engine is a high efficiency, compact, and powerful external combustion engine that can run on traditional fuels or bio fuels.  Created by Cyclone Power Technologies, it is also called a "Schoell Cycle" engine after inventor Henry Schoell. Incorporating a process of heat regeneration, it is touted as a 21st century update to the traditional Rankine cycle steam engine. The Cyclone Engine is capable of running on virtually any fuel (or combination of fuels) including today’s promising new bio fuels, while emitting far fewer pollutants than traditional gas or diesel powered internal combustion engines.
  4. 4. How It Works  The Cyclone Engine is a Rankine Cycle heat regenerative external combustion engine, otherwise known as a “Schoell Cycle” engine.  It creates mechanical energy by heating and cooling water in a closed-loop, piston-based engine system.
  5. 5. Functional Description` The Cyclone Engine is built of three major components, the Steam Generator, Piston Block, and Condenser. The working fluid, deionized water, travels continuously through these three components. Beginning in the steam generator moving into the pistons, then to the condenser, and finally pumped back into the steam generator.
  6. 6. Rankine cycle  The Rankine cycle is a model that is used to predict the performance of steam turbine systems. The Rankine cycle is an idealized thermodynamic cycle of a heat engine that converts heat into mechanical work. The heat is supplied externally to a closed loop, which usually uses water as the working fluid.
  7. 7. THE PROCESS OF CYCLONE ENGINE  HEAT PROCESS  MECHANICAL PROCESS  COOLING PROCESS  REGENERATIVE PROCESS
  8. 8. FIGURE CYCLONE ENGINE
  9. 9.  HEAT PROCESS 1. Fuel is atomized and injected into the patented centrifugal combustion chamber (shown as lifted off the engine block for better viewing), where a spark ignites the fuel-air mixture into a flame that spins around the heat coils. Thermocouples (not pictured) control the duration of combustion to keep the heat in the combustion chamber at a constant temperature.  2. Water contained in the coils becomes super-heated steam (up to 1200°F) in as little as 5 seconds from start up which is (a) piped to the cylinders, (b) where it enters through a patent-pending valve system (not pictured). Note, valve timing mechanisms regulate how much steam enters the cylinders – the longer the cut- the greater the torque and acceleration.  MECHANICAL PROCESS 3. Steam enters the six radial-configured cylinders under pressures up to 3200 psi push the pistons down in sequence. Note, no motor oil is used – water is both the working fluid and engine lubricant. Also, because of the valve design, the engine starts without the need of a starter motor.  4. The rotating action of the pistons connected through a patent-pending spider bearing (not pictured) turns the crank shaft. Note, because the greatest amount of torque occurs at the first rotation, the shaft can be directly connected to a drive train without a transmission.
  10. 10.  COOLING PROCESS 5. Steam escapes the cylinders through exhaust ports and (a) enters the pending condensing unit where it turns back into water, and (b) collects in a sealed pan at the bottom of the condenser. Note, this is a closed-loop system the water does not need to be replaced or topped-off.  6. Blowers spin fresh air around the condenser to speed the cooling process.  REGENERATIVE PROCESS 7. (a) Air which has been pre-heated from the condensing unit, (b) continues to a second heat exchanger located in the exhaust port of the combustion chamber, further pre-heating the air used for combustion while also cooling exhaust fumes (to about 320°F).  8. A high pressure pump (not pictured) pipes water from the collecting pan to the heat coils (a) via heat exchangers surrounding each of the cylinders (only one pictured), and then (b) to the center of the coils to start the heat cycle again.
  11. 11. Heat regenerative engine(CE) OPERATION
  12. 12. Heat regenerative engine(CE)  A heat regenerative engine uses water as both the working fluid and the lubricant.  In operation, water is pumped from a collection pan and through a coil around a cylinder exhaust port, causing the water to be preheated by steam exhausted from the cylinder.  The preheated water then enters a steam generator and is heated by a combustion chamber to produce high pressure super heated steam. Air is preheated in a heat exchanger and is then mixed with fuel from a fuel atomizer.  An igniter burns the atomized fuel as the flames and heat are directed in a centrifuge within the combustion chamber. The speed and torque of the engine are controlled by a rocker and cam arrangement which opens a needle-type valve to inject high pressure super heated steam into a cylinder having a reciprocating piston therein.
  13. 13. Internal combustion automotive engine VS cyclone automotive engines parts comparison. Other Necessary ICE Parts Include: Cyclone Engines Do Not Require: Fig (1) Fig(2) Transmission-Starter Motor-Catalytic Converter Muffler-Radiator-Oil Pump *Cooling Fans Not Included
  14. 14. CONT….. Fig (3); Transmission Fig(4); Starter motor Fig(5); Catalytic Converter Fig(6); Radiator Fig(7); Muffler Fig(8); Oil Pump
  15. 15. Why It's Better  All-fuel : A traditional gas or diesel powered internal combustion engine ignites fuel under high pressure inside its cylinders – a explosive process that requires precise fuel to air ratios. Because of the way we burn fuel – in an external combustion chamber under atmospheric pressure -- we have incredible flexibility as to the fuel we use. In combustion tests we have used fuels derived from orange peels, palm oil, cottonseed oil, algae, used motor oil and fryer grease, as well as traditional fossil fuels … none of which required any modification to our engine. We have also burned propane, butane, natural gas and even powdered coal.  Earth-friendly: Several aspects of the Cyclone make it more eco- friendly than internal combustion engines.
  16. 16. Fuel Choice: The Cyclone Engine can run on 100% bio fuels (i.e., it does not require a 15% or less mixture with fossil fuels), and these new sources can provide true carbon-neutral alternatives to fossil fuels. Longer Burn Time: The Cyclone Engine’s patented cyclonic combustion chamber allows for a longer burn time, which means that more carbon particles are incinerated before being exhausted. Lower Burn Temps: The Cyclone Engine burns its fuel at low temperatures (about 2200°F), which is below the temperature at which most harmful NOx gases are created. Cooler Exhaust: Exhausted gases run through a heat exchanger before leaving the engine, lowering the temperature at release to about 350 degrees … hundreds of degrees lower than internal combustion exhaust. No Motor Oil: Water (de-ionized) is the Cyclone Engine’s sole lubricating fluid, which means there is no waste oil to change, dispose or leak into ground. Quieter Run: Internal combustion engines have an explosion that emits supersonic sound waves out the exhaust valves to the atmosphere, requiring a muffler system. The Cyclone’s exhaust is virtually noise-free.
  17. 17. Lower Cost • The Cyclone Engine is a one-piece unit that travels without an “entourage” of complicated components. Eliminating these subsystems reduces cost, size and weight, while increasing overall efficiency and reliability of the engine. For instance, the Cyclone Engine needs: • No catalytic converter or muffler • No oil pump or motor oil • No transmission or transmission fluid • Overall, the Cyclone Engine has fewer parts to manufacture, assemble and, ultimately, break-down or wear-out.
  18. 18. High Efficiencies The Cyclone Engine is a highly efficient external combustion engine, with efficiencies nearing the top diesel engines on the market today. Higher efficiency means less fuel required to produce the same work.
  19. 19. ADVANTAGES(BIO FUELS) • Clean burning – Provides complete combustion and a very clean exhaust • Efficiencies comparable to diesel • Low noise, vibration, and infrared signatures • Provides an ideal power source for hybrid and conventional vehicles. • Large range of sizes possible – from 1 KW up to over 1 Megawatt. • Facilitates conversion to a range of synthetic fuels, including biomass. • Does not require a radiator, water pump, oil pump, complex fuel injection, or catalytic converter, reducing cost, weight, space and increasing reliability.
  20. 20. Applications  The Cyclone engine has the potential to be used in many applications from small appliances and lawnmowers to large marine propulsion plants and power plants. One major intention of the Cyclone Engine is for use in automobiles. As of April, 2011, the engine is being developed for use in several specific applications Model Size Applications  Mark II 18 HP Portable/auxiliary power, marine power, light equipment.  Mark V 100 HP Automotive, marine propulsion, power generation, off-road equipment, industrial co-generation, specialty applications.  Mark VI 330 HP Heavy land and sea transport, power plant, heavy equipment..  WHE 15 HP Mini-cogeneration, residential solar, biomass combustion. For more info about the WHE  Solar I 5 HP Industrial solar thermal; mini-power generation
  21. 21. Technical Information(Fig) FIG(9); Profile cross-section of the Mark V automotive engine FIG(10); Bottom view of Mark V Engine detailing the pistons, spider bearing, variable speed timing, and blower. FIG (11); Top view of Mark V Engine also showing valve mechanisms
  22. 22. Waste heat engine
  23. 23. Models of Cyclone engine
  24. 24.  Recent news  Cyclone power technologies signs agreement with Nextra technologies Netherlands for125-1 megawatt solar plants march 8 2016  Cyclone power technologies inc. signs systems agreement 3R DENMARK February 18, 20164  Clean-Tech Innovators Engines to Convert Global Fuel/Heat Sources into Power Generation May 31, 2015

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