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Impact of displacement on tribal children: Cases of child labor & abuses in Odisha


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The consequences of development induced displacement is so tragic & painful for the poor tribal women & children leading many to chronic illness & poverty. Pushing children for child labor to meet the family basic needs & income. Further leading to chronic illness, morbidity, unskilled, illiteracy and trauma...

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Impact of displacement on tribal children: Cases of child labor & abuses in Odisha

  1. 1. Impact of Displacement on Tribal Children: Cases of Child Labour and Abuse in Odisha Inter-Congress of International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) 2012, KIITs Bhubaneswar, 26th – 30th November 2012 Madhulika Sahoo Senior Research Fellow Anthropological Survey of India, Ministry of Culture Govt. of India, Central Regional Centre, Nagpur
  2. 2. Displacement & children labour• All feel the impact of the consequent impoverishment but women and children feel it more than the others do. The lower the social stratum they belong to, the greater the impact. It takes the form of higher joblessness, greater malnutrition and deterioration in their social status. Its first impact is seen in children’s lower access to schools since most DP/PAPs are subalterns (Farnandes 2007)• The International Labour Organization (ILO) defines child labour in mining as the ‘worst form of child Labour’
  3. 3. In Orissa district like Keonjhar, Koraput, Rayagada and Sunadargarh where displacement dueto mining is rampant has affected children’s, studies revealed that in Kenonjhar total 13,171,Koraput total 23,903, Rayagada total 16,893 and Sundargarh total 19,537 child labour caseshas been reported (sources: children & mining report 2010)
  4. 4. Study by Campaign Against Child Labour (CACL) in 2001 on child domestic workers of Odisha, reveals that lack of regular income by the head of the family those who are mostly belong to daily-wage earners or small cultivators categories & fathers addicted to liquors was a major reason for the incidence of child labour.
  5. 5. Direct and Indirect Impacts of Mining induced displaced Children• Increased morbidity and illnesses• Lack of education & health leading many to join labor force, ended up unskilled & illiterate in life• The laws do not address needs & rights of children• Increase food insecurityand malnutrition• Increased vulnerability toexploitation and abuse• Violation of right toeducation
  6. 6. • Increase of child labour & exploitation Increase Poverty force to work in tea stall, small hotels, houses• Marginalization of dalit & adivasi children• Sundergarh and Keonjhar district, which has a serious problem in terms of trafficking• Missing friends & similar environment Photo Sources- (Kasipur, child labor) children & mining in India, 2010
  7. 7. Consequences• No regeneration of forest or similar living setup for the displaced• No special provision for women & children in post displacement situation• The misinterpretation of resettlement & rehabilitation, leading to one time resettlement without rehabilitation• Larger impact on children health, education, food intake, psychology etc.
  8. 8. Thank You