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World war I


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World war I

  1. 1. World War I
  2. 2. • Started on July 28, 1914 • Ended November 11, 1918 • Almost 8 million died because of the war – Russia having the most : 1.7 million • 22,000,000 wounded • MAP OF EUROPE GREATLY CHANGED
  4. 4. World War I was the first war in which advanced weaponry and tactics were used There was a race for creating more weapons of mass destruction among nations There was a desire to create a large amount of weapons as well as building up a nation’s army and navy
  5. 5. Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Nationalism led to the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand; Ferdinand had selected a Serbian national holiday to parade through Sarajevo, stoking nationalist distaste. Also, Germany was the revisionist power in opposition to the traditionally pre-eminent France and Britain. The desire of Germany to prove itself could be labelled a nationalist element. NATIONALISM
  8. 8. Virtually all the major powers were engaged in a scramble for empire to bolster their economies. The fiercest competition was between Britain and Germany and between France and Germany. When one country takes over another country economically and politically.
  9. 9. Triple Alliance Triple Entente •Agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another. European powers formed rival alliances to protect themselves •PROBLEM: O n e e v e nt c o u ld d r a g a l l c o u n tries i n v olved i n to a c o n flict
  10. 10. The Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy was counter- balanced by the Triple Entente of France, Russia, and Great Britain.
  11. 11. 1 Western European Front 2 Eastern European Front 3 Italian Front 4 Balkan Front 5 Palestine/Syria 6 Iraq 7 Arabia 8 German Togoland 9 German Cameroons 10 German East Africa 11 German Southwest Africa 12 German Pacific Islands 3 1 2 5 4 6 8 10 9 7 11 12
  12. 12. The two armies dug trenches to protect themselves from bullets and bombs. Then they put up mazes of barbed wire around the trenches. The area between the trenches was called "no man's land." Soldiers ate and slept in the trenches. First one side, and then the other would try to break through at some point along the line. It was very difficult for either side to win a battle this way, and trench warfare claimed many lives.
  13. 13. •Front line •Communication trench •Support trenches •No Mans Land •Barbed wire
  15. 15. • In February, 1915, the German government announced an unrestricted warfare campaign. This meant that any ship taking goods to Allied countries was in danger of being attacked. This broke international agreements that stated commanders who suspected that a non- military vessel was carrying war materials, had to stop and search it, rather than do anything that would endanger the lives of the occupants.
  16. 16. The Lusitania, was at 32,000 tons, the largest passenger vessel on transatlantic service, left harbour for It was 750ft long, weighed 32,500 tons and was capable of 26 LUSITANIA