• Started on July 28, 1914
• Ended November 11, 1918
• Almost 8 million died because of the
– Russia having the most : 1.7 million
• 22,000,000 wounded
• MAP OF EUROPE GREATLY CHANGED
WORLD WAR I
World War I was the first war
in which advanced weaponry and
tactics were used
There was a race for creating
more weapons of mass destruction
There was a desire to create a
large amount of weapons as well as
building up a nation’s army and
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at
Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
Nationalism led to the assassination of the
Archduke Ferdinand; Ferdinand had selected
a Serbian national holiday to parade through
Sarajevo, stoking nationalist distaste.
Also, Germany was the revisionist power in
opposition to the traditionally pre-eminent
France and Britain. The desire of Germany
to prove itself could be labelled a nationalist
Virtually all the major powers were
engaged in a scramble for empire
to bolster their economies.
The fiercest competition was
between Britain and Germany and
between France and Germany.
When one country takes over
another country economically and
Triple Alliance Triple Entente
•Agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another. European
powers formed rival alliances to protect themselves
•PROBLEM: O n e e v e nt c o u ld d r a g a l l c o u n tries i n v olved
i n to a c o n flict
The Triple Alliance of Germany,
Austria-Hungary and Italy was counter-
balanced by the Triple Entente of
France, Russia, and Great Britain.
1 Western European
2 Eastern European
3 Italian Front
4 Balkan Front
8 German Togoland
9 German Cameroons
10 German East Africa
11 German Southwest
12 German Pacific Islands
The two armies dug trenches to protect
themselves from bullets and bombs.
Then they put up mazes of barbed wire
around the trenches. The area between
the trenches was called "no man's land."
Soldiers ate and slept in the trenches.
First one side, and then the other would
try to break through at some point along
the line. It was very difficult for either
side to win a battle this way, and trench
warfare claimed many lives.
•No Mans Land
• In February, 1915, the German
government announced an unrestricted
warfare campaign. This meant that any
ship taking goods to Allied countries was
in danger of being attacked. This broke
international agreements that stated
commanders who suspected that a non-
military vessel was carrying war
materials, had to stop and search it,
rather than do anything that would
endanger the lives of the occupants.
The Lusitania, was at 32,000 tons, the
largest passenger vessel on
transatlantic service, left
It was 750ft long, weighed
32,500 tons and was capable of 26