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this slide is about the theory behind writing a headline for any news article. this slide is a part of journalism and newspaper department

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  1. 1. Giving headlines – the most important job of the sub- editor “A good headline is a work of art, a picture of an event. It has high value in a newspaper’s readability.” A distinguished journalist - “Headlines should tell the story, but more important they should sell the story. They are the tempters, the ‘come-ons’ that bring the customer into the shop. Headlines should never cheat or exaggerate or the reader will feel let down.”
  2. 2. Every item in a news page must carry a headline, even the smallest filler or paragraph; otherwise the chance to attract a reader will be missed. Headlines should reflect the tone of the story; a light hearted headline would not fit in a serious story and a serious headline would look awkward for a light and humorous story.
  3. 3. To summarise the story for the reader To show the importance of the story To attract the reader To give and attractive appearance to the paper
  4. 4. Reader’s use of headlines vs. the sub-editors approach of headlines ‘You can not write good headlines until you have written many’ – a famous journalist For a sub-editor - Each story is a challenge - After editing the story is almost new and becomes his story – his enthusiasm for the story is reflected in the headlines He seeks to put all the drama, the pathos or the humour in it into the headline
  5. 5. a headline that gives no more information than the label on a biscuit time is known as a label heading. Such a headline defies the purpose of a display line, which is to lure the reader.
  6. 6. Action of the story Feature of the story The headline must tell something definite and precise. Remember the average reader does not even read a fourth of your paper and depends on the sub-editor to tell him what the paper contains through the headlines. The proper method of giving headlines is to base them on the lead of the story.
  7. 7. Do’s Don’ts Must know how many words and letter can be used in the given space in the type he has chosen. If a line has a maximum of 18units and the headline shows a unit count of 15 the heading will fit unless it contains several fat letters (for example W and M). The choice of right headline – a difficult and serious matter – requires careful and intense thought. He has to say a great deal in few words. The width of the columns cannot be adjusted to his needs and his heading must accommodate itself in the space available. The most common mistakes committed in the newsroom is to believe that a headline that fits is a good headline. Bad headlines get into a newspaper more from this reason than any other.
  8. 8. are not recommended for two reasons: they tend to editorialise and secondly newspapers are supposed to supply answers not to ask questions. If the headline asks the reader a question the answer should obviously be in the body of the story.
  9. 9. Grammar error in a 48pt type may be worse than half a dozen language errors Spelling will lead him into a menace Slang in headline lowers the tone of the paper and consequently lowers the reader’s estimation of the paper. Verb is essential in a headline – it should be active – present and future tense Words should be short and striking Abbreviati ons should be avoided in headlines – leads to confusion Full stop never used in a headline
  10. 10. Read and understand the story Write a rough headline without bothering to count the letters but be as near the mark as possible. Substitute synonyms until the heading fits. Remember you can always approach the headline from another angle and do not try to solve all your problems substituting words.
  11. 11. Get the key word, the meat of the story. Be specific. Strive for action verbs. Use the active voice Avoid a clutter of punctuations Try to write headline which phrase line by line Put modifiers and words modified on the same lines. Put all parts of any verb on the same line. Do not end a line with preposition
  12. 12. Quotations Abbreviations Personalize where you can Avoid the anonymous Avoid over brutal words Write strap (kicker) lines at the last Watch the shape of the headings