FOREX trading is all about trading foreign currency. The currency of one country is
weighed against the currency of another country to determine value. The value of
that foreign currency is taken into consideration when trading stocks on the FOREX
markets. Most countries have control over the value of that countries value, involving
the currency, or money. Those who are often involved in the FOREX markets include
banks, large businesses, governments, and financial institutions.
What makes the FOREX market different from the stock market?
A forex market trade is one that involves at least two countries, and it can take place
worldwide. The two countries are one, with the investor, and two, the country the
money is being invested in. Most all transactions taking place in the FOREX market
are going to take place through a broker, such as a bank.
What really makes up the FOREX markets?
The foreign exchange market is made up of a variety of transactions and counties.
Those involved in the FOREX market are trading in large volumes, large amounts of
money. Those who are involved in the FOREX market are generally involved in cash
businesses, or in the trade of very liquid assets that you can sell and buy fast. The
market is large, very large. You could consider the FOREX market to be much larger
than the stock market in any one country overall. Those involved in the FOREX
market are trading daily twenty-four hours a day and sometimes trading is
completed on the weekend, but not all weekends.
You might be surprised at the number of people that are involved in FOREX trading.
In the years 2004, almost two trillion dollars was an average daily trading volume.
This is a huge number for the number of daily transactions to take place. Think about
how much a trillion dollars really is and then times that by two, and this is the money
that is changing hands every day!
The FOREX market is not something new, but has been used for over thirty years.
With the introduction of computers, and then the internet, the trading on the FOREX
market continues to grow as more and more people and businesses alike become
aware of the availablily of this trading market. FOREX only accounts for about ten
percent of the total trading from country to country, but as the popularity in this
market continues to grow so could that number.
From the studies over the years, most trades in the forex market are done between
banks and this is called interbank. Banks make up about 50 percent of the trading in
the forex market. So, if banks are widely using this method to make money for
stockholders and for their own bettering of business, you know the money must be
there for the smaller investor, the fund mangers to use to increase the amount of
interest paid to accounts. Banks trade money daily to increase the amount of money
they hold. Overnight a bank will invest millions in forex markets, and then the next
day make that money available to the public in their savings, checking accounts and
Commercial companies are also trading more often in the forex markets. The
commercial companies such as Deutsche bank, UBS, Citigroup, and others such as
HSBC, Braclays, Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan Chase, and still others such as Goldman
Sachs, ABN Amro, Morgan Stanley, and so on are actively trading in the forex
markets to increase wealth of stock holders. Many smaller companies may not be
involved in the forex markets as extensively as some large companies are but the
options are stil there.
Central banks are the banks that hold international roles in the foreign markets. The
supply of money, the availability of money, and the interest rates are controlled by
central banks. Central banks play a large role in the forex trading, and are located in
Tokyo, New York and in London. These are not the only central locations for forex
trading but these are among the very largest involved in this market strategy.
Sometimes banks, commercial investors and the central banks will have large losses,
and this in turn is passed on to investors. Other times, the investors and banks will
have huge gains.
Forex can help you earn a lot of money. But there are certain conditions to follow
before trading in Forex. Firstly, one must have a thorough knowledge about the
trends in the stock market, the basics of trading and risk-taking ability. You will get
all the help you need for attaining these conditions very easily.
There are many sites on the internet which can help you clarify your basics and help
you brave rough weather. A good reason why Forex trading can be considered is the
fact that there are frequent fluctuations in currencies, though in percentage terms it
may be small.
You gain if the fluctuation favors you and the reverse holds true as well. No one can
accurately predict the trend of the currencies. Liquidity is another reason why Forex
trading is so popular.
Now the most important part – in Forex, you can make huge sums of money even if
your initial investment is on a lower side. You can invest as little as $50,000. Rich
people have no upper cap to the amount of investment. So remember that even with
a nominal investment, the earning ability is undoubtedly very huge.
Most of the great businesses are connected to the world of internet today, and Forex
trading is no exception. You can deal in foreign currencies right from your home. In
fact, it is fully conducted online. You have the liberty to choose when you want to
trade, and you don’t need to meet any deadlines.
Basically, you can be your own boss. The process of online trading is fairly simple for
anyone to understand. You just need to open an account for Forex trading with a
recognized broker and they will complete the rest of the formalities. The only bit you
need to do is get ready with your investment amount.
So, it is thus clear that Forex trading can be one of the best businesses to earn money.
Though there is a level of risk attached to it, but it can be avoided with due care and
an alert mind!
Being a forex or foreign exchange trader no longer means you have to work for a
bank in one of the world's financial centers. These days you can trade on your own
behalf, from anywhere.
Since the rise of the internet many people are doing this from their own homes,
making money in their spare time or even making a full time income. But what is
forex trading and how does it work?
A foreign exchange trader deals in currencies. He or she will sell one currency that
seems to be falling in value, to buy another that seems to be rising. There are always
two currencies involved in a trade (a currency pair) because when you want to buy
dollars you have to have another currency to exchange for them.
In the beginning it is best to be involved with just one currency pair. Most people
start out trading in the EUR/USD market, that is the euro against the US dollar. This
is the biggest forex market. There is plenty of information available for this market
and it tends to have lower costs and be relatively stable.
Nevertheless forex is a very volatile market. This means that the prices can rise and
fall steeply and quickly. The risk is high. It is easy to lose money. In fact, some losses
are inevitable, so you should manage your account so that you never risk too much
on one trade. You can use stop losses so that your broker will automatically sell if the
price goes a certain way against you. The aim is not to have no losses, but to make
sure that your profits are higher than your losses so that you end up with a net gain.
You will need access to a computer with a high speed internet connection any time
that you want to trade. Unless you use a robot to control your currency trading, you
will also need time where you can concentrate on learning a profitable system and
then on trading itself. You pretty much need to be able to lock yourself away in a
room to do this, at least for a couple hours a day. It is no good trying to trade from
your desk at your day job with your boss interrupting you, or using a computer in the
family den with kids climbing on your knees wanting to play games. You must be
fully concentrated on the movements in the market or you could miss the right
moment to either open or close a trade.
If you are a cautious person who likes a solid investment with predictable low
returns, you should not become a currency trader. Forex traders are people who
enjoy risk and love the challenge of trying to turn a profit in a fast moving market.
It helps if you are strongly focused on your goals and not easily swayed by emotion. It
is important not to let fears of losses or dreams of huge wealth divert you from your
strategy. You also need to stay aware of financial news, not only in your own country
but in all of the major world powers, because this will affect the forex markets. With
these characteristics and a good trading system in place, a foreign exchange trader
can reap substantial gains from his or her investment.
About The System
This system is an Intraday trading system, works best on the 1 hour chart for all
currency pairs. However, it would give best results with trending pairs ( currency
pairs with strong trend, like JPY pairs ) .
In this system we are going to use moving averages to identify the trend – visual
guidance only – and we are going to use price/candle patterns to enter the market.
Our exit strategy will be based on support and resistance levels.
It’s very important to pay attention to news releases and economic announcements
and STOP trading until the market reacts to the news. Usually after 15 to 30 minutes.
As an intraday trader, it’s also very important to know what time of the day is best for
trading and NOT to trade anytime of the day, any day of the week.
If you’re not an experienced trader, please do not make any changes to this system.
Test it on demo account for at least one month and more than one currency pair.
Always to remember that Forex trading like any investment is not a sure thing. Just
like any type of investment or investment vehicle there are risks involved. No matter
how much you research your data or how much thought you put into your trading,
you can always lose money.
There are many people that sign up to trade Forex that don’t understand or take the
time to learn how and why to trade Forex.
There are many risks involved in trading any kind of asset, whether it is stocks,
bonds or currencies. If you are interested in trading, make sure you understand
One of the biggest Forex risks is a leveraged buy. Some Forex brokerages allow you
to hold a certain amount of money in your account but leverage that amount to up to
200 times its worth. While this can be good if you are on the winning side of a trade,
this can be devastating if you lose your entire accounts worth plus many times more.
Many Forex brokers have special features that can limit your risks such as stop loss
and limit orders and no negative balances. If you are interested in trading Forex,
before you start to trade, learn and understand the Forex risks involved.
SMA ( smooth moving average ) :
Apply to : weighted close
Apply to : weighted close
Targets and Stoploss
Support and resistance. If you don’t know how to work with support and resistance
levels, please take some time to read about it and understand it before you start using
Support and resistance levels are identified based on the price patterns and price
turning points that took place in the past. Support levels try to stop falling price as it
attempts to drop even further. Resistance levels resist to the rising price that
attempts to go even higher.
Support or resistance levels that were tested by the price and sustained the pressure
by not allowing market to surpass them, are considered as strong levels. If Support
level is broken it becomes future resistance level. If resistance level is broken it plays
a role of support for future market moves.
We are going to use pin bars to enter the market.
The pin bar means that the price is going to move in the opposite direction to
where the nose is pointing. In screen above, the nose is pointing up so the trader
should expect prices to move down.
A pin bar must:
• have open/close within the first eye,
• protrude from surrounding prices (‘stick out’ from surrounding prices); it
cannot be an inside bar.
A good pin bar has:
• a long nose (and a long nose relative to the open/close/low),
• a nose protruding a long way from the prices around it (it ‘sticks out’),
• the open / close both near one end of the bar.
The first thing to do is to know the direction of the trend according to the trend
indicator. If it’s a down trend, then we only enter sell trades. If it’s up trend then we
only enter buy trades.
The next thing to do is to draw the support/resistance levels. We are going to use
those levels for targets.
1 – Up Trend
2 – Pin Bar Pattern ( pointing downwards )
Stop Loss : 30 pips below the low of the pin bar.
Target : Next resistance level.
1 – Down Trend
2 – Pin bar Pattern ( pointing downwards )
Stop Loss: 30 pips above the high of the pin bar.
Target: Next support level.
USD/JPY – 2009/07/08
Down Trend – Sell signal
Notice that the pin bar pattern takes 3 bars to complete. So we enter the market
when the 4th bar opens.
In the example above there was 2 patterns, we don’t have to open 2 trades here if we
don’t need to. So we opened a trade according to the first pattern and ignored the
EUR/USD – 2009/17/07
In the example above we notice a pin bar pattern while the main trend is up trend.
We enter the market according to the buy signal. Placing the stop loss 30 pips below
the pin bar. and placing our target at the next resistance level.
Our entry point was the next candle open, right after the 3 candles of the pin bar
pattern were closed and the pattern was confirmed.
To get the best out of this system, you could add a filter to separate false pin bar
setups and true pin setups.
This filter is Stochastic indicator, settings are :
%K : 5
%D : 3
Slow : 3
MA method: Simple
Levels : 30 – 70
Colors: Main=None Signal=Red
Ho to use the Entry Filter ?
The Pin bar setup must happen when Stochastic signal line is at the level 30 or the
level 70. Or at least just turning from one ( 30 line means overbought level – 70 line
means oversold level)
With Buy signals, the setup must happen when Stochastic is at/or just turning from
the level 70.
With Sell signals, the setup must happen when stochastic is at/ or just turning from
the level 30.
Sometimes, price would move in the opposite direction of the current trend for a
while before it reverses back.
Usually, it’s not recommended to trade in this case and just wait until price reverse.
But .. for experienced traders there is another option: trading reversals!
EUR/USD - 1 Hour Chart
This kind of trades are risky, and only recommended for experienced traders only.
It’s also recommended to follow other strong reversals signs besides the pin bar
pattern, like double tops/bottoms or heads and shoulders.
I know that sometimes it not easy to spot support and resistance levels or set them
correctly, especially for new traders.
So here is a way to get this done automatically for you, even if you don’t know the
difference between a support a resistance!
Here is how to do it:
When you set the trend indicator, SMA - Period 50, open ‘’levels’’ input window and
enter those levels:
100 and -100 200 and -200 400 and -400 600 and -600. Do this for only the
SMA 50 indicator, not the SMA 200.
Here is how your chart should look like:
How to use those levels ?
The SMA 50 and the levels of support/resistance are slow, they will only point to the
last – strong - support/resistance, where price touched one of those levels and
Example ( USD/JPY - 1Hour ) :
Please note that forex is not an exact science, sometime price would get really close to
one of those levels and turn around before touching it. That’s a valid
support/resistance level! .. here is an example:
Let’s now use what we know to make some money from forex market with a simple
trade, and using support/resistance levels.
EUR/USD – 4H chart:
The major trend was up, we got a buy signal setup ( Pin bar + Stochastic ).
We opened an order @ 1.3931 right when the 3rd candle was created. Then we placed
our stopl loss @ 1.3860
From the last resistance level we set our target @ 1.4028
Profit = 97 pips
Another Example, a trade on the EUR/USD – 1 hour chart. Using the
Support/resistance easy targets method:
Trend was Up, we spot a buy signal ( pin bar pattern + Stochastic oversold ). And if
you noticed, you will find a divergence! .. that means this is a good trade to take.
We opened a market order @ 1.4106 and set our stop loss level @ 1.4055
This time we used the easy targets method to set our targets, Price hit target @
Profit = 60 pips
Another Example, EUR/USD – 1 hour chart:
The good part is, you are free to choose the support/resistance targets. You can
choose a small target ( latest support/resistance ) or aim at big targets ( major
support/resistance ). Here is an example of a major target.
Entry @ 1.4015 - Stop loss @ 1.3972 – Target @ 1.4144
Profit ? 129 pips!
Before taking major support/resistance as your main target in all trades, you should
understand that the more you are risking to take, the more you are risking to lose.
Play it safe.
Dangers of Getting Emotional
Getting emotional in the stock market is the worst thing that can happen to
investors. The same goes for Forex traders as well. Seeing paper losses in everyday
trade is pretty common.
Once to take a decision to buy something and make losses, you still hold on even if
situations turn from bad to worse, only because you feel that things might turn back
in your favor once again. The main problem here is that, the decision to stick to a
losing trade for a long time is an emotional one, since you are in no mood to accept a
loss and get out of the trade.
Forex market is largely influenced by the general market and you must always trade
on what the indications based on the market are, and not just initiate one since your
heart tells you to. At times, you might be so emotionally attached to a given currency
in the Forex market, that most of your exposure to the Forex market would be in that
Nothing wrong with it, as if you have reasonable grounds to believe that the currency
will do well, then you will actually profit from the exchange. The ‘wrong’ thing is
opening up a trade in a currency just because your heart tells you to.
In the case, if you strongly feel about any given currency, then it’s better to check the
reality by having the look at what the market is indicating. That will give you a clear
picture of whether or not you should trade in that currency.
The basic thing that is needed to be remembered is that once you have initiated a
trade, and are incurring paper losses, and by all indications, things are likely to get
even worse for you, then it is much better to book losses and come out of it rather
than sticking to it till a time you ultimately are able to see some gains from it.
Remember, the markets have little room for emotions.
Forex trading is not a win-win situation. Be prepared to lose on some trades as well.
That’s the precise manner in which the market works. It is not really a question of
whether you are right or not, the fact remains that markets move in an unexpected
way and they have a knick of surprising people when they least expect it. All the
fundamentals and even experience may be thrown into the air when the markets
decide to do something.
So just follow the indications that the market gives you. If you feel that after
initiating a trade, things are not going the way you had foreseen, book your losses
and get out of it. You can invest the amount in some other trade and make good gains
rather than sticking to your losing trade.
It is difficult for Forex traders to realize that the currency market is extremely
unpredictable. As new traders spend a long time trying to learn the mechanics of the
foreign exchange trade and focus their time and energy on trying to find a method for
predicting movements, they naturally expect there to be rules governing the
movement of the market. This not being the case, many traders find themselves at a
While Forex traders have a number of tools at their disposal, which allow them to
judge the right time to open or close a position, many prefer to rely mostly on one
tool. So, having opened a position, they watch their favorite indicator and, to a large
extent, base their trading decisions solely on it, ignoring the others.
This works well enough until that indicator starts telling them something different
from what the others are. Traders caught in a open position which their favorite tool
is telling them to hold, will often do so, despite the fact that other tools are telling
them to close and get off the market, and end up losing money.
The basic problem, of course, is that the trader is not looking at the market as is, but
through the lenses of his own expectations about it and further using his favorite
indicator to reinforce those ideas instead of looking at the bigger picture. And,
encouraged by the fact that his chosen indicator is forecasting the profit he wants,
the trader is focusing more on money than on the market.
If the Forex market was not unpredictable, it would collapse because all traders
would profit all the time. There are many tools that can help traders predict the
direction of the market and they usually do an efficient job. But even in the hands of
the most experienced traders, the best tools occasionally fail to predict the market’s
Losing in trade because of predicting the market wrongly is an innate part of Forex
trading and traders need to accept it. Besides, they need to learn to avoid getting in a
position where they do not have many choices.
For this, the trader needs to accept the fact that the foreign exchange market pretty
much has a mind of its own and the traders have to follow its movements instead of
trying to make it go in the direction they want it to.
Forex Market Hours
The forex market hours stretch from Monday morning in Sydney, Australia to Friday
afternoon in New York. During that time the market is open somewhere around the
globe at all hours of the day or night.
However it is not a 24/7 market because it does shut down on weekends. 24/5 would
be more accurate.
If you need to know the exact times that the markets open and close, you have to take
time zones into consideration. It is very simple when expressed in UTC. This is
Universal Coordinated Time, formerly known as Greenwich Mean Time. This is the
standard (winter) time in Greenwich, London which is the point of zero longitude on
So, the normal forex market hours are 22.00 Sunday UTC to 22.00 Friday UTC. This
is 10 pm in the UK in winter time.
New York is 5 hours behind the UK so the global forex market opens and closes at 5
pm Sunday/Friday in New York, 2 pm on the US west coast, 11 pm in Germany, 8 am
Monday/Saturday in Sydney.
Things get a little complicated when you start to try to take summer time daylight
saving into account. This makes one hour difference in countries that observe it. But
daylight saving operates in a different way in the southern hemisphere countries
such as Australia which have summer time from September to March instead of
March to September.
The hours of the different major national markets are as follows:
Sydney: 10 pm to 7 am UTC
Tokyo: 12 midnight to 9 am UTC
London: 8 am to 5 pm UTC
New York: 1 pm to 10 pm UTC
Or we can express that in EST (Eastern US time):
Sydney: 5 pm to 2 am EST
Tokyo: 7 pm to 4 am EST
London: 3 am to 12 noon EST
New York: 8 am to 5 pm EST
You can see that these correspond to 24 hour cover.
However, this does not necessarily mean that trading will be good at all of these
times. Just after a major market opens, the prices can be very volatile and
unpredictable. Many traders will stay out of the forex market for up to an hour four
times a day when the financial markets are waking up in these major cities.
The US dollar is the most traded currency by a long way, involved in 2.5 times as
many trades as its nearest rival the euro. This means that events in the USA have a
greater impact on the financial markets than events in other countries. The New York
market tends to slow down around 3 pm local time (8 pm UTC) and if you are
involved in a US dollar pair, this can be a good time to stop trading for the day.
So theoretically you can trade 24 hours a day from Sunday night to Friday night.
Automated software in the form of a forex robot can even make this physically
possible. However, a cautious trader will choose his times and will not be active
during all of the forex market hours.
Thanks & Happy Trading...
Michael Selim & Master Tader Team
U.S. Government Required Disclaimer - Commodity Futures Trading Commission Futures
and Options trading has large potential rewards, but also large potential risks. You must be
aware of the risks and be willing to accept them in order to invest in the futures and options
markets. Don't trade with money you can't afford to lose. This is neither a solicitation nor an
offer to Buy/Sell futures or options. No representation is being made that any account will or
is likely to achieve profits or losses similar to those discussed on this web site/ebook. The
past performance of any trading system or methodology is not necessarily indicative of
CFTC RULE 4.41 - HYPOTHETICAL OR SIMULATED PERFORMANCE RESULTS HAVE
CERTAIN LIMITATIONS. UNLIKE AN ACTUAL PERFORMANCE RECORD, SIMULATED
RESULTS DO NOT REPRESENT ACTUAL TRADING. ALSO, SINCE THE TRADES HAVE
NOT BEEN EXECUTED, THE RESULTS MAY HAVE UNDER-OR-OVER COMPENSATED
FOR THE IMPACT, IF ANY, OF CERTAIN MARKET FACTORS, SUCH AS LACK OF
LIQUIDITY. SIMULATED TRADING PROGRAMS IN GENERAL ARE ALSO SUBJECT TO
THE FACT THAT THEY ARE DESIGNED WITH THE BENEFIT OF HINDSIGHT. NO
REPRESENTATION IS BEING MADE THAT ANY ACCOUNT WILL OR IS LIKELY TO
ACHIEVE PROFIT OR LOSSES SIMILAR TO THOSE SHOWN.
No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profits or losses
similar to those shown. In fact, there are frequently sharp differences between hypothetical
performance results and the actual results subsequently achieved by any particular trading
program. Hypothetical trading does not involve financial risk, and no hypothetical trading
record can completely account for the impact of financial risk in actual trading.
All information on this website or any e-book purchased from this website is for educational
purposes only and is not intended to provide financial advise. Any statements about profits
or income, expressed or implied, does not represent a guarantee. Your actual trading may
result in losses as no trading system is guaranteed. You accept full responsibilities for your
actions, trades, profit or loss, and agree to hold the authors/publishers and any authorized
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