Peer Partner Learning
• is a structured contest of argumentation in which two opposing
individuals or teams defend and attack a given proposition. The
procedure is bound by rules that vary based on location and
participants. The process is adjudicated and a winner is declared.
Purpose of Debate
1. To engage learners in a combination of activities to interact with
2. It forces the participants to consider not only the facts of a
situations but the implication as well
3. This competitive aspects encourage and a commitment to position
4. It requires them to engage in research, encourage the development
of listening and oratory skills, create an environment where
students must think critically.
• To avoid problems, clearly communicate to the students the debate
rules that will guide the interaction.
− Be critical of ideas, not people.
− Focus on the best decision, not on "winning."
− Encourage everyone's position, even if you do not agree.
− Use paraphrasing when you are not clear about what someone said.
− Try to understand both sides of the issue.
• Students present (either prepared or extemporaneously) their
knowledge or their opinions on a question or topic. Groups are
assigned a topic to research and asked to make a short presentation
before the floor is opened to questions from the audience.
Types of Panel discussions
1. Public panel discussion
These are organized for common men problems
To provide factual information regarding current
2. Educational panel discussion
These are organized for educational institutions
To provide factual information and conceptual knowledge
• Brainstorming is a large or small group activity which encourages children
to focus on a topic and contribute to the free flow of ideas. The teacher
may begin by posing a question or a problem, or by introducing a topic.
Students then express possible answers, relevant words and ideas.
Contributions are accepted without criticism or judgement.
Purposes and uses of Brainstorming
1. to focus students' attention on a particular topic
2. to generate a quantity of ideas
3. to teach acceptance and respect for individual differences
4. to encourage learners to take risks in sharing their ideas and
How can I do it?
In a small or large group select a leader and a recorder
Define the problem or idea to be brainstormed
Set up the rules for the session.
Start the brainstorming.
Once you have finished brainstorming, go through the results
and begin evaluating the responses.
6. Now that you have narrowed your list down some, discuss the
remaining responses as a group.
• Establish a warm, supportive environment.
• Emphasize that a quantity of ideas is the goal.
• Discourage evaluative or critical comments from peers.
• Encourage and provide opportunity for all students to participate.
• Initially emphasize the importance of listening to expressed ideas,
and model printing and recording of the ideas, then read each
contribution to or with the group.
Peer Partner Learning
• Peer partner learning is a collaborative experience in which students
learn from and with each other for individual purposes
• Purpose of Peer Partner Learning
Students reflect upon previously taught material by helping peers
to learn and, at the same time, develop and hone their social
How can I do it?
• Students work together as partners, one functioning as a "doer" and
the other as a "helper". The doer performs a task or answers
questions; the helper observes and provides feedback and helping
information. The doer is the student and the helper takes on the
role of teacher. Later, the partners reverse roles.
• Laboratory Groups are "cooperative learning groups in an
• Purposes of Laboratory Groups
To give first-hand experience in the laboratory which may
To provide student participation in original research
To develop skill in the use of laboratory equipment and
Learning by doing
• Uneconomical way of learning
Impressions through several
sense make learning more
• Becomes mechanical – at
Undergoing actual experience
is more vivid
It is a direct preparation for
• The expensive materials
sometimes does not justify
• Loss of time occurs due to
indiscriminate overuse of the
• Is a cooperative learning strategy that enables each student of a
“home” group to specialize in one aspect of a learning unit.
Students meet with members from other groups who are assigned
the same aspect, and after mastering the material, return to the
“home” group and teach the material to their group members.
Purposes of Jigsaw
• To develop teamwork and cooperative learning skills within all
• It helps develop a depth of knowledge not possible if the
students were to try and learn all of the material on their own.
• It allows students to be introduced to material and yet maintain
a high level of personal responsibility.
How can I do it?
1. Assign students to “home” teams of 4 or 5 students
2. Assign study topics to “home” team members by giving them an
3. Have students move to “expert” groups where everyone in the group has
the same topic as themselves.
4. Students work with members of their “expert” group to read about
and/or research their topic. They prepare a short presentation and
decide how they will teach their topic to their “home” team.
5. Students return to their “home” teams and take turns teaching
their team members the material.
6. Involve the class in a whole-group review of all the content you
expect them to master on the assessment.
• is a constructivist approach that promotes student involvement and
active learning. This instructional strategy uses real-world problems
as the organizational focus of student learning. In problem-solving,
students are self-directed learners while the teacher acts as
Purposes of Problem Solving
• To help students think about a problem without applying their pre-
• It is best to help students understand complex, ethical
dilemmas, think about the future or do some strategic planning
Types of Problem Solving
1. Reflective Problem Solving
Once you have broken the students into groups, the students
define the problem, analyze the problem, establish the criteria
for evaluating solutions, propose solutions and take action.
2. Creative Problem Solving
uses the same basic focus, but the process is less geared towards
solutions and more towards a focus on brainstorming. The focus is
on creating ideas rather than solving a clear existing problem.
• This strategy involves providing students with a limited amount of
background information and asking them to construct an argument
based on this information. This they do by working in groups.
Purpose of Structured Controversy
1. to help students gain deep understanding of all positions related to
a controversial topic or issue
2. purposeful use of controversy
3. requires reasoned judgment, not mere factual knowledge
4. student groups argue for and against an issue, then reach a
consensus that is supported by evidence
Steps to follow:
• Choose a discussion topic that has at least two well documented
• Prepare materials
• Structure the controversy:
• Conduct the controversy:
• Tutorial groups are set up to help students who need remediation or
additional practice, or for students who can benefit from enrichment. A
tutorial group is usually led by the teacher. Tutorial groups provide for
greater attention to individual needs and allow students to participate
more actively. Peer tutoring occurs when a student (the tutor) is assigned
to help other students (the learners).
• Interviewing, a meeting during which information is obtained by one
person from another, is an excellent means for students to gain an insight
into another's worldview. Effective on-line interviewing, like face-to-face
interviewing, begins with the development of basic skills and thorough
preparation. Students may be the interviewer or the interviewee,
depending upon the skill set being developed and the information sought.