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Aristotle and euthanasia

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Aristotle and euthanasia

  1. 1. Aristotle and Euthanasia
  2. 2. Aristotle’s view on suicide• The law does not openly permit or forbid suicide, but the state punishes suicide as the person is treating the state unjustly as he suffers voluntarily but no one is voluntarily treated unjustly…• Suicide is somehow a wrong to the state, though he does not specify how or why.• He cares little for the role of the individual and their autonomy, and looks more to their social roles and obligations.
  3. 3. Roman Orators and Stoics• Roman Stoic Senena: “mere living is not a good, but living well”, hence a wise person “lives as long as he ought, not as long as he can.”• For Seneca, it is the quality, not the quantity, of one’s life that matters.• However, this quality is based more on a communal quality than an individual quality, therefore killing yourself because of suffering etc would be unjust unless it was getting in the way of achieving your lifes purpose.• The Stoics held that whenever the means to living a naturally flourishing life are not available to us, suicide might be justified, regardless of the character or virtue of the individual in question.
  4. 4. Could virtue theory be compatible with Euthanasia….? If one is in the state of being unable to achieve Eudaimonia and human flourishing, then living would seem pointless….

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