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Definition of personal data and processing

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  1. 1. PERSONAL DATA PROTECTION Scope Processing personal data Finality Legitimacy Transparency Organisation Proportional End-to-end
  2. 2. <ul><li>Very broad scope </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>any information </li></ul><ul><li>An identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to </li></ul><ul><li>an identification number or </li></ul><ul><li>to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity. </li></ul><ul><li>relating to </li></ul><ul><li>an identified or identifiable </li></ul><ul><li>natural person. </li></ul><ul><li>In general not legal persons (e.g. limited companies) </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>in some countries same regime for legal persons </li></ul><ul><li>next to personal data protection there may be a </li></ul><ul><li>(professional) duty of confidentiality. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Unique identifiers : ID card number, social security </li></ul><ul><li>number, user-ID, account number, signature, … </li></ul><ul><li>Physical data : length, weight, dna, photo, drawing, </li></ul><ul><li>fingerprints, iris(scan), shoe size, health,… </li></ul><ul><li>Communication data : letter, email, taped call, … </li></ul><ul><li>Relations : </li></ul><ul><li>- geographically (home, workplace, travel, …) </li></ul><ul><li>personal (friends, spouse, family, …) </li></ul><ul><li>estate (real estate, portfolio, income, …) </li></ul><ul><li>- interests </li></ul><ul><li>- … </li></ul>e.g. customers, staff members, … (perception of) “sensitivity”/”intimacy” is irrelevant
  4. 4. Source: 32nd International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners (2010)
  5. 5. <ul><li>any automated (set of) operation(s) performed upon Personal Data. </li></ul><ul><li>any manual operations when they are performed in a structured way according to specific criteria and which will permit easy access to the data. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>collection, recording, organization, </li></ul><ul><li>storage , </li></ul><ul><li>adaptation or alteration, rectification, </li></ul><ul><li>retrieval, consultation , use, </li></ul><ul><li>disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, </li></ul><ul><li>alignment or combination, </li></ul><ul><li>blocking, erasure or destruction </li></ul>