Gershwin

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Gershwin

  1. 1. George Gershwin The Man and His Music By Anita Horváth
  2. 2. George Gershwin September 26,1898 - July 11,1937
  3. 3. Family <ul><li>Parents: Russian Jewish immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Second child out of four </li></ul>
  4. 4. Family 2. <ul><li>His parents: </li></ul><ul><li>Morris and Rose Gershwin </li></ul>
  5. 5. Family 3. <ul><li>George and Ira Gershwin </li></ul>
  6. 6. His teachers <ul><li>Charles Hambitzer (George’s mentor until his death,1918) </li></ul><ul><li>Rubin Goldmark (classical composer) </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Cowell (avant-garde composer-theorist) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Henry Cowell </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early career <ul><li>„ Song plugger” for Remick’s </li></ul><ul><li>1917. „Rialto Ripples” </li></ul><ul><li>1919. first big national hit with his song „Swanee” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Early career 2. <ul><li>1916.started working for Aeolian Company and Standard Music Rolls in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Recording piano rolls – his own compositions and others’ as well </li></ul>
  10. 10. Most important works <ul><li>1924. Rhapsody in Blue </li></ul><ul><li>1928. An American in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>1935. Porgy and Bess - „folk opera” </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Rhapsody in Blue </li></ul>Porgy and Bess
  12. 12. The Broadway Years:1924-1929. <ul><li>in 1924 he collaborated with his brother on a musical comedy, „Lady be Good” </li></ul><ul><li>„ Lady be good” was followed with „Tip-Toes” , „Oh Kay” , „Strike Upon the Band” , „Funny Face” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Funny Face Audrey Hepburn and Fred AStaire
  14. 14. His Jazz inspired classical music 1925-1931. <ul><li>„ Piano Concerto in F Major” /1925/ </li></ul><ul><li>„ Preludes for Piano” /1926/ </li></ul><ul><li>„ An American in Paris” /1928/ </li></ul><ul><li>„ Second Rhapsody” /1931/ </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pulitzer Prize <ul><li>„ Strike up the Band” , „Let ‘Em Eat Cake” , and „Of Thee I Sing” were dealing with social issues of the time. </li></ul><ul><li>„ Of Thee I Sing” – the first comedy ever to win a Pulitzer Prize </li></ul>
  16. 16. Influence <ul><li>Maurice Ravel </li></ul><ul><li>Alban Berg </li></ul><ul><li>Dmitri Shostakovich </li></ul><ul><li>Igor Stravinsky </li></ul><ul><li>Darius Milhaud </li></ul><ul><li>Arnold Schoenberg </li></ul>
  17. 17. Many of his compositions have been used on television and in numerous films, and many became jazz standards.
  18. 18. The jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald
  19. 19. Louis Armstrong
  20. 20. Bing Crosby
  21. 21. Frank Sinatra
  22. 22. Julie Andrews
  23. 23. Barbara Streisand
  24. 24. Sting
  25. 25. Privacy <ul><li>Had a 10-year affair with composer Kay Swift </li></ul><ul><li>„ Oh Kay” was named for her </li></ul>
  26. 26. He also had an affair with the actress Paulette Goddard
  27. 27. Death <ul><li>He died in brain tumor in 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>He is burried in Westchester Hills Cemetery , New York </li></ul>
  28. 28. Sources <ul><li>www.wikipedia.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.maurice-abravanel.com/1267-014_Recording_George_Gershwin </li></ul>

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