Ancient egypt


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  • 40 21 8,6 norte longitud oeste 3 grados 55 min 46,1segundo s
  • Ancient egypt

    1. 1. Ancient Egypt María Camila Alzate 2Bach 2010
    2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian gods and amulets. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaohs </li></ul><ul><li>Mummification </li></ul><ul><li>Pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>Giza </li></ul><ul><li>Zoser </li></ul><ul><li>Abu Simbel </li></ul><ul><li>How did Egyptians build pyramids? </li></ul><ul><li>As a resume </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>It is an ancient civilization of Eastern North Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>It is concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River. </li></ul><ul><li>It coalesced around 3150 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Its history can be divided into the following periods </li></ul><ul><li>Unification of Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>The age of the pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>The great empire </li></ul><ul><li>Las Egyptian rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Life in ancient Egypt revolved around the Nile. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Most Egyptians worked as field hands and a small group were nobles. </li></ul><ul><li>The most important person was the pharaoh </li></ul><ul><li>Then nobles and high priest. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower traders, artisans and peasants </li></ul><ul><li>Finally slaves. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>They used to have a lot of gods </li></ul><ul><li>Gods had the same behavior as human </li></ul><ul><li>Only the pharaoh and his priest can go into the temple. </li></ul><ul><li>The common people used to have its own altar at home </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>The most important gods were: </li></ul><ul><li>Ra </li></ul><ul><li>Osiris </li></ul><ul><li>Horus </li></ul><ul><li>Isis </li></ul><ul><li>Anubis </li></ul><ul><li>Set </li></ul><ul><li>Hator </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>They were use to protect for any damage </li></ul><ul><li>The uraeus was the preferred protective emblem of the Pharaohs </li></ul><ul><li>The Eye of Horus was a symbol of magic </li></ul><ul><li>The Ankh is an Egyptian hieroglyph which means “life“. </li></ul><ul><li>The scarab was an amulet of life and power, </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>The king was the owner of the land and everything that was in it. </li></ul><ul><li>The pharaoh was considered the god Horus </li></ul><ul><li>The dead Emperor was the god Osiris </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Nowadays he is the most famous pharaoh </li></ul><ul><li>When he was 18 he died </li></ul><ul><li>Tutankhamun's fame is due to the discovery of his intact tomb in 1922. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>The Egyptians though that souls can eternity survive </li></ul><ul><li>He washed the body and the brain, stomach, intestines, lungs and liver were extracted </li></ul><ul><li>Secondly, the body was covered with natron </li></ul><ul><li>Later it was painted and wrapped in linen. Lastly, it was kept in its sarcophagus. </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Giza is the oldest and the biggest pyramid </li></ul><ul><li>It was built by Hemiunu to the emperor Keops </li></ul><ul><li>It is composed by tree chambers </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>It is the tomb of the pharaohs Zoser. </li></ul><ul><li>It was know as the most sacred, nowadays it is the step pyramid. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoser was built by Imhotep in Saggara. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the prototype for the following pyramids. </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Its name means the pure mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>It was built by the pharaohs Rammsees II. </li></ul><ul><li>The temple was built so far of any important city. </li></ul><ul><li>In March and September the sun rays enter into the temple. </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>The construction of the pyramids was an incredible achievment. </li></ul><ul><li>There were quarry workers. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, the stone was transported. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, they put tue stone on its place. </li></ul><ul><li>They were built by free citizens: </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers who paying taxes </li></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>Which of the following monument was built as a present for the Queen Nefertiti? </li></ul><ul><li>Zoser </li></ul><ul><li>Giza </li></ul><ul><li>Abu Simbel </li></ul><ul><li>Did the pyramid´s builders slaves? </li></ul><ul><li>True </li></ul><ul><li>False </li></ul><ul><li>Why is the King Tutankhamen so famous? </li></ul><ul><li>Because he built Giza </li></ul><ul><li>Because he was Nefertiti husband's </li></ul><ul><li>Because his tomb was discovered in 1922 intact </li></ul>