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Immigration

Notes on Immigration

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Immigration

  1. 1. Text Book Connection Pages 184-190 Coming to America! Immigration PPV: Ellis Island Angel Island Prejudice Diversity Note taking directions: When you see the Statue of Liberty on the slide that’s your cue to take notes from that slide. 1
  2. 2. 26 million immigrants came to the United States between 1870 and 1924. By 1920, 1 out of every 4 people living in the United States had been born in another country. Many were trying to escape the problems in their home countries, and many spent their life savings just3
  3. 3. 26 million immigrants came to the United States between 1870 and 1924. By 1920, 1 out of every 4 people living in the United States had been born in another country. Many were trying to escape the problems in their home countries, and many spent their life savings just In the 1920’s, Congress passed laws (like the Immigration Act of 1924) that began to restrict the number of immigrants allowed in the United States. 3
  4. 4. Reasons to come to America (PULL) Jobs Political and Religious Freedom Adventure!!! A chance to make a better life for themselves and their family.4
  5. 5. Why did immigrants leave their homeland? (PUSH) 1. Some were FORCED to leave their country. 2. Some ESCAPED their country problems: *religious persecution *war *political issues (evil leader) *poverty (no food) *no freedom 3. Some WANTED to come to a country where they could get a job, start a business, or improve their lives.5
  6. 6. When these immigrants arrived in the United States their first stop was either at Ellis Island in New York City or Angel Island in San Francisco. Around 20 million people made a stop on Ellis Island during its years of operation Some estimate that nearly half of all Americans today can trace their family history to at least one person who passed through Ellis Island. Ellis Island 6
  7. 7. What happened at Ellis Island?  Doctors checked immigrants for diseases  Government officials asked questions about where they were from, what kind of work they did, and where they planned to live.7
  8. 8. What happened at 8
  9. 9. How did immigrants travel to America? Text Book Connection Pages 186-187 To get to America, they came by ship and many went through ELLIS ISLAND (New York City) or ANGEL ISLAND (San Francisco).9
  10. 10. Where were immigrants from? Text Book Connection Pages 186-187 *Europe-which included: Ireland, Italy, Poland Germany, etc. *Asia – which included:10
  11. 11. Remember where immigrants entered the US? So many Chinese immigrants entered the US that the government chose to limit their entrance into the country. They had to prove they had relatives already living in the United States before they were allowed entry. They came from China or Russia They came from Ireland, Italy, Poland, Germany…. 11
  12. 12. Many immigrants were from small farming villages. Now they were now surrounded by skyscrapers, streetcars, automobiles, and crowds! They spoke different languages, had different customs, and practiced different religions.12
  13. 13. Lower East Side NYC 1890s 1) find a place to live 2) find a job 3) work to improve their lives Immigrants had three things to do when they came to America Finding a suitable place to live was a hardship endured by immigrants. 13
  14. 14. More people which included immigrants… lead to growing cities (urbanization) helped businesses become bigger (MOST immigrants were the labor (workforce) that industries needed to EXPAND! helped America become DIVERSE 14
  15. 15. More Immigrant Info: Many were too poor to use the Homestead Act. Most immigrants settled in cities on the east coast. 15
  16. 16. Prejudice & Discrimination Toward Immigrants Many native-born Americans resented immigrants. • Immigrants took whatever jobs they could find, this led to LOWER WAGES for everyone, it also affected supply and demand in the work force. • Americans were being replaced by immigrants in factories. • Americans thought immigrants were MORALLY CORRUPT (drinking and acting badly)16
  17. 17. Even with prejudice and discrimination toward immigrants… • Jobs in American factories! • Schools for their children! • Having the right to vote! • The possibility of holding a Political Office! • Starting their own businesses! Immigrants still found good opportunities in the US. 17

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