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Becoming a World Power - World War I

Notes on how the US became a world power due to its involvement in World War I.

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Becoming a World Power - World War I

  1. 1. The First World War (WWI) TB Connection Pgs. 450-457 Boys and Girls! War savings Stamps Poster by James Montgomery Flagg 1917-18
  2. 2. 2 The First World War: •War involving nearly all the nations of the world •1914-1918 What? When?
  3. 3. 3 The First World War: Why did the war begin? Long term - 1. Alliance system 2. Imperialist competition 3. Stockpiling of weapons by countries Short term – Assassination of Franz Ferdinand of the Austro- Hungarian Empire Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his Wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg one hour
  4. 4. 4 The First World War: Who was in the war? Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Russia France Great Britain Italy Japan United States (1917) Central Powers: Allies: Some countries formed alliances with other countries to strengthen their power. These countries that joined together were called allies
  5. 5. 5 The First World War: Where was the war fought?
  6. 6. 6 Why did it take so long for America to get involved in the war? •America was isolationist •“Why should I get involved in someone else’s problems?”
  7. 7. 7 Why did it take so long for America to get involved in the war? •America was isolationist •“Why should I get involved in someone else’s problems?”Isolationism is the desire to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs. With the Atlantic Ocean between the US and Europe, it was easy to stay isolated.
  8. 8. 8 Thinking Slide Is isolationism really an option for a country as powerful as the United States?
  9. 9. 9 Which side should the US pick? There were many factors the US could consider: •11 million German- Americans •Irish-Americans hated Great Britain •Close cultural ties with the US •Countries shared transatlantic cables (so stories might be censored) •Big businesses loaned lots of $$$ to allies Central Powers: Allies: Nations 1914 1915 1916 Britain $594,271,863 $911,794,954 $1,526,685,102 France $159,818,924 $364,397,170 $628,851,988 Germany $344,794,276 $28,863,354 $288,899 $$$ US Exports to both sides $$$
  10. 10. 10 What did it take to get the US involved? 1. Blockades •Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships going to America •Germany announced a submarine war around Britain Y-53 German
  11. 11. 11 What did it take to get the US involved? 1. Blockades •In May, 1915 Germany told Americans to stay off of British ships •They could/would sink them
  12. 12. 12 What did it take to get the US involved? 1. Blockades •Lusitania was torpedoed, sinking with 1200 passengers and crew (including 128 Americans) •Was eventually found to be carrying 4200 cases of ammunition German Propaganda Justifying
  13. 13. 13 What did it take to get the US involved? 1. Blockades •The US sharply criticized Germany for their action •Germany agreed not to sink passenger ships without warning in the future Note in Bottle After
  14. 14. 14 What did it take to get the US involved? 2. Unlimited Submarine Warfare •1917 Germany announced “unlimited submarine warfare” in the war zone Why? Otherwise their blockade would not be successful
  15. 15. 15 What did it take to get the US involved? 3. Zimmerman Note •US intercepted a note from Germany to Mexico, •It promised Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona back in return for an alliance
  16. 16. 16 What did it take to get the US involved? Zimmerman Note plus the sinking of 4 unarmed American ships led to a declaration of war US Involvement summary
  17. 17. 17 How was the war looking for the allies? •Russia left the war after its communist revolution in 1917 •This made it a one front war for Germany- all its troops could concentrate on France Not Good...
  18. 18. 18 Convincing the American People to Get Involved in the War: Posters - Gee!! How do you think this poster helped to convince the American people that the war was a good idea? Propaganda Poster Activity
  19. 19. 19 Convincing the American People to Get Involved in the War 1. War to End All Wars Idealism: 2 Goals For War: 2. Making the World Safe for Democracy Idealism is the practice of forming ideals and/or living under their influence
  20. 20. 20 Convincing the American People to Get Involved in the War Idealism: Fourteen Points What was this? President Wilson’s Plan for after the war •It included fourteen promises, including freedom of the seas & a League of Nations to work for world peace President Woodrow Wilson
  21. 21. 21 What did the US do to help? The US provided food, money, supplies and the fresh troops needed to win the war. American Troops March Supplies: US troops were sometimes referred to as doughboys. They contributed to the allied victory by breaking the deadlock of trench warfare.
  22. 22. 22 How did the War Affect the US? Women •Women filled factory jobs •This may have led to the 19th Amendment after the war ( the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote) •Black soldiers still served in Segregated Units African Americans •A “Great Migration” occurred when thousands of African Americans moved North to work in factories
  23. 23. 23 How did the War Affect the US? Enforcing Loyalty •Hatred of all things German Ex. “Liberty Cabbage” •Espionage Act 1917 & Sedition Act of 1918 punished those against the war (this included many labor leaders)
  24. 24. 24 How was war evolving (changing) for WWI? New Technologies of the War More destructive combat: •Machine guns •Tanks •Poison gas and gas masks •Airplanes •Trench warfare
  25. 25. 25 How was war evolving (changing) for WWI? More destructive combat: •Machine guns •Tanks •Poison gas and gas masks •Airplanes •Trench warfare
  26. 26. 26 How was war evolving (changing) for WWI? More destructive combat: •Machine guns •Tanks •Poison gas and gas masks •Airplanes •Trench warfare
  27. 27. 27 How was war evolving (changing) for WWI? New Technologies of the War More destructive combat: •Machine guns •Tanks •Poison gas and gas masks •Airplanes •Trench warfare
  28. 28.  After four long years, on November 11, 1918 the Central Powers surrendered  The US troops contributed to the Allied victory by breaking the deadlock of trench warfare  The US troops also helped in the peacemaking process by helping redraw state borders in Europe  In January 1919 the Treaty of Versailles officially ended WWI 28 TheEndoftheWar
  29. 29. 29 The Treaty of Versailles: Took away Germany’s colonies Redrew its national borders Demanded it not to rebuild its army Demanded it pay heavy fines to the Allied Powers TheEndoftheWar

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