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Astronomia

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (Unlimited) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/qURD } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Astronomia

  1. 1. ENTENDRE L'UNIVERS
  2. 2. Els humans sempre hem contemplat la immensitat del cel amb curiositat i ens hem preguntat sobre el seu origen, sobre el canvis que s'hi produeixen i com ens afecten. .. . 21* ‘ l P. / ’ / f 4 ‘ ’ 4 “f / ’ ‘ I ’ «Q1602; 2;. '5'; i g u» . . "pkìsz. swyrrv= îì‘f_ 4 4 » _ x‘ “- H a» ‘ . -. ‘ V ‘ 1| r‘ k’ f‘ ‘ À. ‘ E I I v""': '"» .1. —- ‘v fa? a» 1 . ‘ a r. A, 2
  3. 3. De Pobservaciò de cel, neix una ciència: 58 L'ASTRONOMIA _ . " a era glacial, els nostres avantpassats ah observar que la Lluna seguia sempre una màtgixa ‘fa-aplena, minvant, nova i creixent. I-gue trigava'»2‘9 ‘ com tetar el cicle. -
  4. 4. També, amb Pobservaciò del Sol, van descobrir l'any i Ies estacions. r‘ u . ‘ "- s " 1' ha” F ‘, _ . r a _ ' v r ‘- a 4 q. ' a» i r Felen lnclslons en ossos ‘T d'anlmaIs per representar les fases Ilunars. . ._ 'Q Vivien de la caga i la recoI-Iecciò i observant el Sol, la Lluna i Ies constel-lacions podien predir els canvis = d'estaciò i el temps idoni per a la caga.
  5. 5. K Quant l'home es va fer agricultor, les constel-lacions del l zodiac Ii indicaven quina època de l'any havia de I treballar la terra. ., ;<; _r. __ . -‘: ','y_ m 2° w. c; .5? . _. x - x r: ' A’ —— . . ÎÌ 0 a o p . r I H J ' _J‘ I r; ,. Ì l ,43” v 1g)‘ - '715‘ ' . , / , aifi; ‘g: fera», x r {finge '57.. ’ u: g’. u- k x s» El coneixement dels astres els va facilitat | 'eIaboraciò de calendaris agrîcoles que els permetien saber quan havien de llaurar, plantar, regar i collir.
  6. 6. il e , turni s v ‘_‘? ;{, H4-—wr*nsv. +;m-‘s*fi ' , u ' "’: 'É'? »'7‘l'l'lu’rlr:9nn.1111;' ‘ À- ; solars CaIendaris52Ì| |unar5 “ lluni-solars
  7. 7. " . , r ‘q ‘»_4, - 4-. ..
  8. 8. Com que el cel condicionava la seva forma de vida, les civilitzacions antigues, van transformar els astres en dèus. A Egipte els sacerdots astrònoms predien el desbordament del Nil atenent a la data en què l'estre| la Sirio sortia just abans que el Sol. A la consteI-laciò d'0riò velen Oslrls, el seu dèu de la mort.
  9. 9. La Via Làctia representava a Nut, la deesa del cel, mare de Ra, el dèu del Sol. '. _ - . ... ._. _._o, ... ,.. _”, . l l i l l I l . . » . . '; ._ 4' ‘n’ ' , i ‘ i r v. .“' ""‘ 3', ” ""' '—! -‘: —--— -—— " U ’ P4 U7 -] *
  10. 10. "SSSÎÎLSY"? *.
  11. 11. Selene Coyolxauhqui maies a“ 1. u. . m. w v t). a x . . l» N) J _ . , . , .1}. . . . _ . _ . . . . , _ : _ Dèus Lluna A‘ . 4 . . u. ,_ o. , .. , u r _, k . , . x . . _. .
  12. 12. Els grecs van ser els que, amb els seus estudis, van alliberar l'astronomia de la mitologia. _CIaudi ftolomeqwp _ Eraetòstenees «— r «nx. ..—. -—-—g: i—. ,_ ' _. .: .1" rivali‘: i . L , ' ù, ._, ., " . I’, —’ ‘.3. l i, b, _ , e x‘ . l , .. ' ’ Ì: Î'—""S . ,-— 7. , -. _ 7 , a. x. . ' a’ È[. l, n.01‘. , y/ i ‘ 1 ' . . , , l. .' , u ' u‘ .3 " , _. _.‘, '. ,11!» g}. l», --'. . Van viure i treballar a Alexandria (Egipte) Creia que la Terra era esfèrica, estava . _ immovil i ocupava el centre de TaWPe 9793 q” ‘a Tefira era I'Univers: el Sol, la LLuna, els planetes esfema ' Va a°°"5e9“" mewra’ i les estrelles giraven al seu voltant. ‘a seVa Qlwdària-
  13. 13. L'lNlCI DE L'ASTRONOMlA MODERNA O Al segle XVI encara es pensava que la Terra era o M , ‘x plana I que tots els astres {Vvgs-a P-«mwxfi giraven al seu voltant. >5 . i . l‘ o "a-m. ..“ __fl_ ha _4___‘_. ..——-"""' à _ km, » o "- î: Nicolau Copèrnic va ser el primer en formular la teoria ì , heliocèntrica, segons la qual ' la Terra girava al voltant del 3,9" Sol.
  14. 14. Uns anys més tard. .. Gallileu Galilei va millorar el telescopi i, per tant, Pobservaciò astronomica i va donar suport a la teoria heliocèntrica de Copèrnic.
  15. 15. Per conèixer i entendre | 'Univers ha calgut el treball de molts cientifics durant molt de temps. 7/ lsaac Newton Albert Einstein Teoria de la Relativitat. Va formular les teorles de la gravetat terrestre i conformat la LIeI de la gravitaciò universal, lnventant aixi la mecànica celeste, amb la que va explicar el moviment dels planetes.
  16. 16. A comencament del segle XX es va formular la teoria del Big Bang per explicar la formaciò de | 'Univers. Georges Lemaître El 1931, va proposar la idea que | 'Univers es va orlglnar en una exploslò d'un «àtom primlgenl» o «ou còsmlc». L'esmentada exploslò posterlorment es va anomenar Big Bang. ' sia Aquesta teoria expllca que al principi tot el que hi havia a | 'Univers estava concentrat en una gran bola, que va explotar, l els seus fragments es van escampar i van formar els astres.
  17. 17. Avui en dia el telescopi espacial Hubble ha portata terme 6.000 estudis cientifics. ‘Rita. ‘Î"‘"p «m» . . 5.» , . g, - fl‘ X_ ’ ——. r . , ‘v __ , _ ‘ Mia-ci; n. ‘a x ' _ _, _ ‘ _‘—_ 5:1); — -4 El Hubble és un telescopi robotltzat Iocalltzat a les vores exterlors de l'atmosfera.
  18. 18. Les imatges obtingudes pel Hubble: Han proporcionat proves de I'existència de planetes orbitant d'altres estrelles. En 2009, el Hubble, va regalar al mòn imatges de galàxies totalment desconegudes.
  19. 19. «tram l'25 791:, “ ‘ì ‘i À- “ g. a; r . . r. - Lnueux-iylrîhîs-rw 4:‘: - -.1. 51m. ‘ ah". V u u , ‘ ‘x / q I, ‘- ’ -—‘—— l- '65 ' -—— . . - u _. ,_ . '. . 4 u o. " . a A ‘dg 9m: - . e ——. —_. .-q.

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