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Mla Nih 2009 Final

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Mla Nih 2009 Final

  1. 1. Impact of the NIH Public Access Policy: A Unique Opportunity to Engage with Faculty About Open Access Publishing. Marcus Banks, David J. Owen and Gail Persily UC San Francisco Library and CKM Medical Library Association meeting, Honolulu May 2009
  2. 2. NIH Public Access Policy Defined <ul><li>Scientists receiving grant money from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) must submit copies of their research papers to PubMed Central (PMC) when those papers are accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. </li></ul>
  3. 3. NIH Public Access Policy Background <ul><li>Voluntary from 2005-2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low rates of deposit to PubMed Central (~5%) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required from 2008 – present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanently written into US law with President Obama’s 2009 budget </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goals: To further taxpayer access to publicly funded research, while preserving publisher business models </li></ul><ul><li>Similar mandates from other funding agencies </li></ul>
  4. 4. What a Difference a Mandate Makes Source:
  5. 5. UCSF Library Efforts <ul><li>Similar to those of many colleagues in MLA: </li></ul><ul><li>Web page: </li></ul><ul><li>Blog postings on citation issues ( PMCID ): </li></ul><ul><li>Email and phone reference service </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations to faculty and research assistants </li></ul><ul><li>Internal staff training </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach to Contracts and Grants office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C&G referring questions to Library </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research Questions and Methods <ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What percentage of UCSF researchers have been affected by NIH Public Access Policy? </li></ul><ul><li>How often did people seek assistance from UCSF Library? </li></ul><ul><li>Has the NIH Policy changed attitudes about open access? </li></ul><ul><li>Methods: </li></ul><ul><li>Brief survey emailed to all faculty and academic staff </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews with recent NIH grant recipients, some of whom sought our assistance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Findings: Survey <ul><li>N=200 </li></ul><ul><li>83% are aware or highly aware of the policy </li></ul><ul><li>45% were required to comply with policy in last year </li></ul><ul><li>80% figured out how to comply with policy on their own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If they sought help, usually went to publisher or NIH/NLM rather than Library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>41% consider a journal’s OA policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard to untangle if the NIH Policy had a direct impact on this or was incidental, without further analysis </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Findings: Researcher and Administrative Assistant Interviews <ul><li>N=7 (6 researchers, 1 administrative assistant) </li></ul><ul><li>General concurrence that policy is good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Value wider access to research articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too soon to see much impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to position of society publishers (n=1) </li></ul><ul><li>Concern about extra burdens placed on researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Common “nuts and bolts” questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion about PMID vs. PMCID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When to cite the NIHMS number in lieu of a PMCID </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some libraries performing significant service by depositing articles for researchers; not always feasible or scalable </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusions <ul><li>UCSF faculty aware of the policy; NIH regulations get their attention </li></ul><ul><li>Large majority of researchers determined how to comply with policy themselves </li></ul><ul><li>One year into the policy too soon to understand impact, but some researchers did note a positive impact </li></ul><ul><li>Responses indicate that benefits of policy outweigh the negatives </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plans for Further Analysis <ul><ul><li>Publication of survey instrument on our web site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submission of Brief Communication to JMLA that provides more nuanced analysis </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Questions? <ul><li>Thanks very much. </li></ul><ul><li>UCSF Scholarly Publication Page/Public Access to NIH-Funded Research </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>