Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tutorial for text patterns

522 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Tutorial for text patterns

  1. 1. Informational Text and Research Process: Text Features A tutorial for 8 th graders who want a perfect level 5 on FCAT Reading!
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why use margin notes? </li></ul><ul><li>Take a look at what Harvard University, one of America’s top institutions of higher learning, has to say about reading strategies… </li></ul><ul><li>6 Reading Habits to Develop </li></ul><ul><li> in Your First Year at Harvard </li></ul>Hmmm…the Harvard motto is the Latin term VERITAS… With your knowledge of word parts you should be able to figure out the translation! <ul><li>Is it… </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Work </li></ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Victory </li></ul>
  3. 3. When answering Text Feature questions remember… <ul><li>Use the features to help you understand what you are reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Treat these questions like author’s purpose questions and ask yourself WHY the author included the feature. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Now let’s put it into practice! <ul><li>Florida’s Three Henrys </li></ul><ul><li>The growth that occurred in Florida in the late 1800s and early 1900s can be traced to the actions of three men. Known as “The Three Henrys,” these men — Henry Plant, Henry Sanford, and Henry Flagler — saw potential for agriculture and tourism in Florida’s mild climate. Transportation, however, was the major obstacle in realizing their dreams of prosperity. At this time, most areas south of Jacksonville could be reached only by horse and stagecoach or by boat. In the mid and late 1800s these three men built railroads into the isolated parts of Florida and forever changed the landscape of the state. </li></ul>What does this introduction tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  5. 5. Now let’s put it into practice! <ul><li>Florida’s Three Henrys </li></ul><ul><li>The growth that occurred in Florida in the late 1800s and early 1900s can be traced to the actions of three men. Known as “The Three Henrys,” these men — Henry Plant, Henry Sanford, and Henry Flagler — saw potential for agriculture and tourism in Florida’s mild climate. Transportation, however, was the major obstacle in realizing their dreams of prosperity. At this time, most areas south of Jacksonville could be reached only by horse and stagecoach or by boat. In the mid and late 1800s these three men built railroads into the isolated parts of Florida and forever changed the landscape of the state. </li></ul>What does this introduction tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Their railroads changed Florida
  6. 6. <ul><li>Henry Plant is credited with opening Florida’s west coast to commerce and tourism. He came to Florida in 1853 and began building a railroad that started in Jacksonville. His destination was Tampa on the west coast, but it was not until the 1880s that the rail line was completed. Plant is remembered as the “Father of Tampa”. Here on the west coast of Florida he built the Tampa Bay Hotel between 1888 and 1891. This Victorian resort was enormous. A quarter-mile in length, it contained 500 guest rooms, a domed dining room, a music room and a solarium. Every room had telephone service, and guests enjoyed playing golf and tennis and hunting quail. Soon the Tampa Bay Hotel became a popular destination for Northerners escaping harsh winter weather. As more people vacationed in Tampa, more people moved to the area to work in the tourism industry. Ten years after Plant had completed his railroad and hotel, Tampa had grown from a town of 720 to a city of 6,000. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  7. 7. <ul><li>Henry Plant is credited with opening Florida’s west coast to commerce and tourism. He came to Florida in 1853 and began building a railroad that started in Jacksonville. His destination was Tampa on the west coast, but it was not until the 1880s that the rail line was completed. Plant is remembered as the “Father of Tampa”. Here on the west coast of Florida he built the Tampa Bay Hotel between 1888 and 1891. This Victorian resort was enormous. A quarter-mile in length, it contained 500 guest rooms, a domed dining room, a music room and a solarium. Every room had telephone service, and guests enjoyed playing golf and tennis and hunting quail. Soon the Tampa Bay Hotel became a popular destination for Northerners escaping harsh winter weather. As more people vacationed in Tampa, more people moved to the area to work in the tourism industry. Ten years after Plant had completed his railroad and hotel, Tampa had grown from a town of 720 to a city of 6,000. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Plant: “Father of Tampa” RR Jacksonville to Tampa Developed West coast
  8. 8. <ul><li>The second Henry, Henry Sanford, is remembered for developing the central part of the state around Orlando. Sanford had purchased a large tract of land in central Florida. His employee, James Ingraham, planned and built a new town in central Florida on the land owned by Sanford. This town was named Sanford. In the 1870s, Henry Sanford built a railroad connecting Sanford with Kissimmee. Later, Henry Plant bought Sanford’s railroad when he was completing his rail line from Jacksonville to Tampa. Thus, Plant and Sanford both played a role in creating the rail link between Florida’s east coast and its west coast. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  9. 9. <ul><li>The second Henry, Henry Sanford, is remembered for developing the central part of the state around Orlando. Sanford had purchased a large tract of land in central Florida. His employee, James Ingraham, planned and built a new town in central Florida on the land owned by Sanford. This town was named Sanford. In the 1870s, Henry Sanford built a railroad connecting Sanford with Kissimmee. Later, Henry Plant bought Sanford’s railroad when he was completing his rail line from Jacksonville to Tampa. Thus, Plant and Sanford both played a role in creating the rail link between Florida’s east coast and its west coast. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Sanford: developed Orlando and Central FL RR Sanford to Kissimmee
  10. 10. <ul><li>The third man and probably the most famous of the trio was Henry Flagler. Flagler had become wealthy as a partner with John D. Rockefeller in the Standard Oil Company. When Flagler and his wife visited St. Augustine in 1883, they found the climate mild and the city charming, but thought the transportation and hotel facilities needed improvement. Like Plant and Sanford, Flagler realized that given an adequate transportation system and hotel accommodations, Florida could become a prime vacation destination for Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Two years later, Flagler came back to St. Augustine and built the 540- room Ponce de Leon Hotel. It opened in 1888 and was an immediate success. Flagler then built a railroad bridge across the St. Johns River, opening a rail path to south Florida. By 1894 Flagler had extended his railroad down Florida’s east coast as far as Palm Beach. All along the way, new towns sprang up and more and more people moved to Florida. </li></ul>What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  11. 11. <ul><li>The third man and probably the most famous of the trio was Henry Flagler. Flagler had become wealthy as a partner with John D. Rockefeller in the Standard Oil Company. When Flagler and his wife visited St. Augustine in 1883, they found the climate mild and the city charming, but thought the transportation and hotel facilities needed improvement. Like Plant and Sanford, Flagler realized that given an adequate transportation system and hotel accommodations, Florida could become a prime vacation destination for Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Two years later, Flagler came back to St. Augustine and built the 540- room Ponce de Leon Hotel. It opened in 1888 and was an immediate success. Flagler then built a railroad bridge across the St. Johns River, opening a rail path to south Florida. By 1894 Flagler had extended his railroad down Florida’s east coast as far as Palm Beach. All along the way, new towns sprang up and more and more people moved to Florida. </li></ul>What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Flagler: Ponce de Leon Hotel Extended RR to West Palm
  12. 12. What does this textbox tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  13. 13. What does this textbox tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Flagler’s successful hotels in FL
  14. 14. <ul><li>Commerce in Florida was booming. Tourists poured into Florida via the new railroads and relaxed at the opulent new resorts that had been created on both coasts. The railroads also provided speedy transport of Florida fruits and vegetables to all parts of the country. The railroads were a boon to both tourism and agriculture. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  15. 15. <ul><li>Commerce in Florida was booming. Tourists poured into Florida via the new railroads and relaxed at the opulent new resorts that had been created on both coasts. The railroads also provided speedy transport of Florida fruits and vegetables to all parts of the country. The railroads were a boon to both tourism and agriculture. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? RR improves tourism and agriculture
  16. 16. <ul><li>Flagler had planned for his railroad, now known as the Florida East Coast Railway, to end in Palm Beach. However, two severe freezes in December, 1894, and February, 1895, changed his mind. On December 29, temperatures fell into the teens as far south as Titusville. The water in the fountain at the Royal Poinciana Hotel in Palm Beach froze. Florida’s citrus crop was lost, as well as the winter vegetable crop. Two months later, a similar freeze killed not only new growth on citrus trees, but also the trees themselves. The Florida citrus industry was destroyed. Flagler lost thousands of dollars because there was no produce to be shipped on his trains. It was at this time that two wealthy Miami families contacted Flagler about extending his railroad further south. They reminded him that the two devastating freezes had not affected Miami’s fruits and vegetables. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  17. 17. <ul><li>Flagler had planned for his railroad, now known as the Florida East Coast Railway, to end in Palm Beach. However, two severe freezes in December, 1894, and February, 1895, changed his mind. On December 29, temperatures fell into the teens as far south as Titusville. The water in the fountain at the Royal Poinciana Hotel in Palm Beach froze. Florida’s citrus crop was lost, as well as the winter vegetable crop. Two months later, a similar freeze killed not only new growth on citrus trees, but also the trees themselves. The Florida citrus industry was destroyed. Flagler lost thousands of dollars because there was no produce to be shipped on his trains. It was at this time that two wealthy Miami families contacted Flagler about extending his railroad further south. They reminded him that the two devastating freezes had not affected Miami’s fruits and vegetables. </li></ul>What does this paragraph tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Citrus disaster affects Flagler’s plan
  18. 18. <ul><li>In addition, the two families offered Flagler land to build the railroad on, as well as land for a town site. The offer of free land in a frost-proof area made good business sense to Flagler. </li></ul><ul><li>In June 1895, he began the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Miami. By January, 200 men were clearing the town site of Miami. They dredged canals, built streets, and established water and power systems. The last rail tracks reached Miami on April 7, 1896, and the first train arrived six days later. The rapid settlement and development of Miami soon followed. When the town incorporated in 1896, its citizens wanted to honor Flagler by renaming the city Flagler. However, Flagler convinced them to keep the old Indian name, Miami. </li></ul>What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  19. 19. <ul><li>In addition, the two families offered Flagler land to build the railroad on, as well as land for a town site. The offer of free land in a frost-proof area made good business sense to Flagler. </li></ul><ul><li>In June 1895, he began the extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to Miami. By January, 200 men were clearing the town site of Miami. They dredged canals, built streets, and established water and power systems. The last rail tracks reached Miami on April 7, 1896, and the first train arrived six days later. The rapid settlement and development of Miami soon followed. When the town incorporated in 1896, its citizens wanted to honor Flagler by renaming the city Flagler. However, Flagler convinced them to keep the old Indian name, Miami. </li></ul>What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Flagler’s RR to Miami
  20. 20. What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  21. 21. What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? RR build’s up Miami RRs together connect FL
  22. 22. What does this timeline tell us about Florida’s three Henrys?
  23. 23. What does this timeline tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Major contributions each Henry made to FL
  24. 24. <ul><li>1. The map of Florida is important to the article because it shows </li></ul><ul><li>A. why it was beneficial to begin a railroad in northern Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>B. the major cities each of the three railroads passed through. </li></ul><ul><li>C. how the purchase of Sanford’s railroad benefitted Plant’s railroad. </li></ul><ul><li>D. that Jacksonville was the starting point for all three railroads. </li></ul>
  25. 25. What do these paragraphs tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? RR build’s up Miami RRs together connect FL
  26. 26. <ul><li>1. The map of Florida is important to the article because it shows </li></ul><ul><li>A. why it was beneficial to begin a railroad in northern Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>B. the major cities each of the three railroads passed through. </li></ul><ul><li>C. how the purchase of Sanford’s railroad benefitted Plant’s railroad. </li></ul><ul><li>D. that Jacksonville was the starting point for all three railroads. </li></ul>Hmmmm….the caption for the map emphasizes how the railroads were connected…
  27. 27. <ul><li>1. The map of Florida is important to the article because it shows </li></ul><ul><li>A. why it was beneficial to begin a railroad in northern Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>B. the major cities each of the three railroads passed through. </li></ul><ul><li>C. how the purchase of Sanford’s railroad benefitted Plant’s railroad. </li></ul><ul><li>D. that Jacksonville was the starting point for all three railroads. </li></ul>Hmmmm….the caption for the map emphasizes how the railroads were connected … This choice tells about how two of the railroads were connected, so it is the best answer
  28. 28. <ul><li>2. The timeline aids the reader’s understanding by </li></ul><ul><li>A. illustrating the importance of the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>B. showing significant events accomplished by the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>C. proving that Henry Flagler was more important than the other Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>D. listing the years that are important to each of the Henrys. </li></ul>
  29. 29. What does this timeline tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Major contributions each Henry made to FL
  30. 30. <ul><li>2. The timeline aids the reader’s understanding by </li></ul><ul><li>A. illustrating the importance of the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>B. showing significant events accomplished by the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>C. proving that Henry Flagler was more important than the other Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>D. listing the years that are important to each of the Henrys. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said the the timeline was about how each man contributed to Florida…
  31. 31. <ul><li>2. The timeline aids the reader’s understanding by </li></ul><ul><li>A. illustrating the importance of the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>B. showing significant events accomplished by the three Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>C. proving that Henry Flagler was more important than the other Henrys. </li></ul><ul><li>D. listing the years that are important to each of the Henrys. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said the the timeline was about how each man contributed to Florida… This choice mentions the contributions/accomplishments
  32. 32. <ul><li>3. The caption in the gray text box on the second page of the article is important to the article because it </li></ul><ul><li>A. shows that Flagler contributed more than railroads to Florida’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>B. proves the importance of building large hotels for tourists. </li></ul><ul><li>C. explains why Flagler chose the locations to build his hotels. </li></ul><ul><li>D. provides details about famous historical hotels in Florida. </li></ul>
  33. 33. What does this textbox tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Flagler’s successful hotels in FL
  34. 34. <ul><li>3. The caption in the gray text box on the second page of the article is important to the article because it </li></ul><ul><li>A. shows that Flagler contributed more than railroads to Florida’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>B. proves the importance of building large hotels for tourists. </li></ul><ul><li>C. explains why Flagler chose the locations to build his hotels. </li></ul><ul><li>D. provides details about famous historical hotels in Florida. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said that the textbox was about Flagler’s successful hotels. So the answer must be…
  35. 35. <ul><li>3. The caption in the gray text box on the second page of the article is important to the article because it </li></ul><ul><li>A. shows that Flagler contributed more than railroads to Florida’s economy. </li></ul><ul><li>B. proves the importance of building large hotels for tourists. </li></ul><ul><li>C. explains why Flagler chose the locations to build his hotels. </li></ul><ul><li>D. provides details about famous historical hotels in Florida. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said that the textbox was about Flagler’s successful hotels. So the answer must be… This choice mentions this as Flagler’s contribution.
  36. 36. <ul><li>4. The purpose of the italicized introduction is to inform readers about </li></ul><ul><li>A. how the three Henrys built their railroads. </li></ul><ul><li>B. transportation issues in Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>C. the impact the three Henrys had on Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>D. the effect of Florida’s climate on tourism. </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Florida’s Three Henrys </li></ul><ul><li>The growth that occurred in Florida in the late 1800s and early 1900s can be traced to the actions of three men. Known as “The Three Henrys,” these men — Henry Plant, Henry Sanford, and Henry Flagler — saw potential for agriculture and tourism in Florida’s mild climate. Transportation, however, was the major obstacle in realizing their dreams of prosperity. At this time, most areas south of Jacksonville could be reached only by horse and stagecoach or by boat. In the mid and late 1800s these three men built railroads into the isolated parts of Florida and forever changed the landscape of the state. </li></ul>What does this introduction tell us about Florida’s three Henrys? Their railroads changed Florida
  38. 38. <ul><li>4. The purpose of the italicized introduction is to inform readers about </li></ul><ul><li>A. how the three Henrys built their railroads. </li></ul><ul><li>B. transportation issues in Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>C. the impact the three Henrys had on Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>D. the effect of Florida’s climate on tourism. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said that the introduction was about how the Henrys railroads changed Florida. So the answer must be…
  39. 39. <ul><li>4. The purpose of the italicized introduction is to inform readers about </li></ul><ul><li>A. how the three Henrys built their railroads. </li></ul><ul><li>B. transportation issues in Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>C. the impact the three Henrys had on Florida. </li></ul><ul><li>D. the effect of Florida’s climate on tourism. </li></ul>Hmmmm….we said that the introduction was about how the Henrys railroads changed Florida. So the answer must be… This choice tells about the impact, or how Florida was changed and is not too narrow.
  40. 40. How did you do? <ul><li>Think about the types of mistakes you made on your mini-assessment. What common threads do you notice? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you have accurate notes? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you USE the text features to help you understand? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you remember to look back in the story? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you select answers that are too narrow or broad for the question? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you over-analyze the questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Now that you know why you made your mistakes you can be on the lookout to avoid those same traps in the future! </li></ul>

×