AFFORESTATION• Forests are unique environmental resource that provide numerous global benefits.• They provide the greatest biological diversity of plants and animals.• Afforestation is defined as the construction of forested land.
AFFORESTAION ---PRINTING• TREES---PAPER---PRINTING• Paper is one of the most important things in the world without it we can’t do almost anything. We can’t study, write and lot of stuff which is impossible without paper.• Most trees used for paper come from forests called managed timberland woods- agricultural crop.• They provide good eco system.• Trees are renewable resource, in a properly managed timberland more trees are planted every year than are cut down.
DEFORESTATION• Deforestation is defined as the destruction of forested land.• Major problem all over the world particularly high in tropics.• Increased deforestation is likely to reduce biodiversity and will result in many other negative impacts such as soil erosion, nutrient depletion, flooding, increased level of greenhouse gas, disturbance in carbon cycle etc.
DEFOREATATION---PRINTING• Often a tree is not cut down for making paper at all, but instead cut down for making boards and planks used for buildings. Paper is then made from the leftover scraps from those sawmill operation.• Bark is used for fuel, and wood chemicals are extracted and used to make products such as pine solvent and cleaning agents, turpentine and gums.
• Brazilian Amazon, where the largest portion of the world’s tropical forests – deforestation is accelerated to approx 8000 hectares each year.
REFORESTATION• After cutting down tree we should plant two because this way there will be a balance eco- system and the deforestation will diminish.• This is the method followed in timberland woods where trees are grown for paper making.• Enhance eco system.
ISSUES• Usage of virgin pulp for tissue paper products.• Illegal process for natural glues and dyes.• Improper disposal.
Making better use…• Recycle all the thing that are made of tree ex. Paper, bags, furniture, etc.• Post-consumer recycled fiber and agricultural residue to meet the escalating demand for toilet paper, paper towels and disposal tissue products.• Agro forestry practice.• Synthetic glues and pigments.
• Reducing paper wastage in industrial and printing processes.• Using recycled papers for short term usage products.
CONCLUSION• NOT USING PAPER IN ORDER TO SAVE TREES IS LIKE NOT EATING SALAD IN ORDER TO “SAVE” VEGETABLES.