1 moravcik national programme of wood potential utilization in slovakia
National Programme of WoodPotential Utilization in Slovakia IN2WOOD 2012 – Final Conference May 3 – 4, 2012 Hotel Patria, Štrbské pleso, High Tatras, Slovakia
Slovak Republic:Forest area and Forest percentage Area: 49 034 km2 Population: 5.4 mill. inhabitants Density of population: 109/km2 Forest percentage: 41% agricultural land urban regions 41% 50% rest forests or 8% 1% wooded land
Development of basic forest productive indicators Forest area development Forest area: 1,939 mill. ha 1,945 Growing stock: 462 mill. m3, of it: 1,94 1,939 conifer 212 mill. m3, 1,935 1,931 broad-leaf 250 mill. m3 million ha 1,93 1,927 1,924 GS/ha: 239 m3 1,925 1,922 1,92 NAI: 11,87 mill. m3; NAI/ha: 6,23 m3 1,915 All these indicators have been 1,91 increasing for the last decades 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Forest Area Growing stock development Net annual increment development 500,0 6,30 12 000 11 870 450,0 11 768 6,20 11 800 400,0 11 671 350,0 6,10 11 534 11 600million M3 300,0 mill. m3 6,00 11 391 m3 250,0 11 400 5,90 200,0 11 204 6,23 6,20 11 200 150,0 5,80 6,14 100,0 6,07 6,00 11 000 5,70 5,83 50,0 0,0 5,60 10 800 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Growing stock mill. m3 Conifer mill. m3 Boroad-leaf mill. m3 NAI per ha m3 NAI mill. M3
Development of timber felling andage composition of forests Timber Felling DevelopmentTimber felling has been 12,000increasing, it reached nearly 10,00010 mill. m3 in 2010. Main 8,000 mill. m3reasons are: 6,000 Actual age composition of 4,000 forests with increasing 2,000 proportion of older forest 0,000 stands 1990 1995 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Annual Allowable Cut Actual Felling Incidental (Salvage) Felling This leads to increasing the annual allowable cut Development of Age composition of forests Annual overfelling caused by high proportion of incidental 2010 fellings; years 1990 calamity wood have to be 1970 processed in accordance with forest act (except protected 1950 territories) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Share of forest land cleaning 1st age class 2nd age class 3rd age class 4th age class 5th age class 6th age class 7th age class
Protected territories in Slovakia Nature conservation is significant factor influencing the utilization of timber production in Slovakian forests - they represent dominant part of the protected territories Total area of forest protected territories = 1,15 mill. ha, it is 57% of all forests Management in these forests is restricted in dependence on degree of protection of individual protected territories 1st DP – basic degree of protection 1st DP – special protected areas 2nd DP – landscape protected areas 3rd DP – national parks 4th DP – protected sites 5th DP – strict nature reserves
Extent of protected territories in Slovakia National system of protected territories (PT): 9 national parks – 343 ths. ha 14 protected landscape areas – 354 ths. ha, more than 700 small-area strictly protected territories European PT – NATURA 2000 41 SPA (Special Protected Areas) for bird protection – 837 ths. ha of forest land 473 SCI (Sites of Community Importance) – 584 ths. ha of the FL Slovakia has a lot of nature values, but unfortunately the system of their protection is not very effective In this country prevails quantity of nature conservation with plenty of prohibitions and restrictions on large areas, instead of its quality This causes significant social, economic but also ecological losses
Timber supply including export and import in 2010 Produced roundwood is supplied by forest enterprises to wood processing industries in this basic structure Total Coniferous Broad-leaved (mill. m3) Timber felling 9,86 6,24 3,62 TIMBER SUPPLY 9,60 6,38 3,22 - Industrial roundwood 9,09 6,09 3,00 - sawlogs and veneer logs 5,59 4,32 1,27 - pulpwood 3,47 1,74 1,73 - Wood fuel 0,51 0,29 0,22 Coniferous industrial roundwood (60%) Timber export 2,56 = 26% Coniferous pulpwood (22,5%) Hardwood (14%), Fuelwood (the rest) Mainly broad-leaved pulpwood Timber import 0,65 (0,45 mill. m3)
Pulp and paper industry (PPI) PPI is one of the most effective sectors of the Slovak economy which has produced in 2010: 637 ths. mt of wood pulp 780 ths. mt of paper and paperboard 204 ths. mt of recovered paper Most of this production is exported abroad.
Wood working industries (WWI) WWI has sufficient processing capacity to process all volume of softwood felled in Slovakia However it is not able to absorb existing harvesting possibilities of hardwood (broadleaved timber) – it absorbs only about 0,5 mill. m3 By 1990 broadleaved roundwood was processed in few large companies that were liquidated or transformed to a today´s much smaller processing capacity Due to this fact broadleaved rundwood is felled below its harvesting possibilities and relatively high portion of felled hardwood is exported WWI in Slovakia lacks for wood products with higher added value, especially veneer, plywood and fibreboard for furniture industry.
Wood working industriesIn 2010 the WWI produced: 2,6 mill. m3 of sawnwood 0,69 mill. m3 of wood- based panels of it mainly: 0,56 mill. m3 of particle board 0,09 mill. m3 of fibreboard
Prognosis of growing stock and timberfelling development Prognosis of growing stock development In next development of timber 500 growing stock we expect a turn 450 towards its declining in this decade 400 mill. m3 due to actual state of age 350 composition of forests with lack of 300 younger forest stands with high 250 200 increment 150 Because of high proportion of 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 mature stands we are able to Total Coniferous Broad leaved maintain the annual volume of Prognosis of timber felling development timber felling about 9 mill. m3 for the next 20 years 10000 9000 under assumption of decreasing 8000 the volume of salvage felling mainly ths. m3 7000 in Norway spruce forest stands 6000 We expect decline of softwood 5000 4000 felling and on the contrary a 3000 growth of the hardwood felling 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Total Coniferous Broadleaved
Objectives of the national programmeIn order to develop a competitive forest industry sector the national program aims: (1) to increase value added of the forest industry sector, (2) to improve domestic demand for wood products. Therefore, it is necessary (3) to meet increasing demands for wood supply in accordance with the principles of sustainable forest management. And that in the changing natural (climate change...) and social conditions. Concerning strong support for use of wood as an environmentally friendly, renewable and recyclable raw material the national forest industry sector has an ambition and conditions to become one of the pillars of the Slovak economy. In addition, this sector significantly contributes to mitigation of climate change by carbon sequestration in forests, products from harvested timber and its replacement for non-renewable raw materials and energy. Therefore, the last of the objectives is (4) to increase use of forest biomass and by-products of wood processing for energy purposes. For all these objectives the programme sets more concrete measures that will be further in-processed by the Action plan of the National Programme.
Survey of some significant measures of thenational programme – Objective 1 Implement measures for forest adaptation to climate change impacts in Slovakia Develope technical concept of forets silviculture (for example: growing of short-aged plantations) Increase timber mobilisation with respect to environmental limits for use of residual dendromass, thin wood, dead wood and stumps Develop afforestation program of agricultural land unsuitable for agricultural production Review the scope of protected areas with a strict non-intervention regime
Survey of some significant measures of thenational programme – Objective 2Improve technology level and forestry facilities for moreenvironment-friendly and effective forest management,especially by investments into road constructionand harvesting and transport technologiesStart to realize economic transformation of theforestry aimed at diversifying of its activities and theprovision of paid ecosystem services to societyPromote domestic processing of wood and sawnwood by reducing the wood export, improving thecapacity of domestic wood-processing industry. It isnecessary to encourage entry of investors to theprocessing capacity of broad-leaved saw logs
Survey of some significant measures of thenational programme – Objective 3 Apply public polices of wood purchasing in particular: Increasing the extent of „green public procurement“ for wood products Supporting the construction of „green buildings“ Supporting environmental behavior of organizations financed by public funds through the „green management“, Stimulate the „cascade“ use of wood. Promote measures to improve image of forestry, wood processing industries and their products in public Improve the forest information system of wood processing sector
Survey of some significant measures of thenational programme – Objective 4 Increasing the level of the complex forest biomass utilization Promote sustainable growth of wood biomass production, its economic efficiency and positive environmental effects Promote growth and effective energy production from wood biomass Update and implement a strategy of wood biomass production and utilization in Slovakia
Thank you very much foryour attention andHave a nice stayin the High Tatras