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SOCIOLOGY AND COMMON SENSE
BY
M.USAMA MANSOOR
 The sociological approach goes beyond
 Everyday common sense by
 Using systematic methods of
 Empirical observation a...
 Many people believe they understand the
world and the events
 Taking place within it
 Often justifying their understan...
 However,
 They have not actually engaged
 In a systematic attempt to
 Understand the social world.
 Sociology, is an attempt
 To understand the social world by
 Situating social events in their
 Corresponding environm...
 Trying to understand social phenomena by
 Collecting and analyzing empirical data.
 This scientific approach is
 what...
 For example, Peter Berger, a well-known
sociologist, argued, that
 what distinguishes
 Sociology from common sense.
 For Sociologists:
 "[try] to see what is there.
 [They] may have hopes or
 fears concerning what [they] may find.
 But [they] will try to see,
 Regardless of [their] hopes or fears.
 It is thus an act of pure perception..."
 Thus, to obtain sociological knowledge,
sociologists must study
 Their world methodically and systematically.
 They do...
 With induction, sociologists gather
 Data on the ground and formulate theories
about what they find.
 These theories a...
 In order to test a theory's validity,
 They utilize deduction.
 These theories are then tested by
 Using the scientific method in
 Order to assess the
 Theory's validity.
 In order to test a theory's validity,
 They utilize deduction.
 Deduction is
 The act of evaluating their theories
 ...
Thus,
 Sociological knowledge is
 Produced through
 A constant back and forth between
 Empirical observation and theor...
 In this way, sociology is more
 Rigorous than common sense
 Because sociologists test and modify
 Their understanding of
 How the world works through
 Scientific analysis.
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Sociology and common sense

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This Lecture will help beginners to understand the basic difference between Sociology and Common Sense. I will not only help the beginners but also the professionals in the field of sociology to understand how a sociologist explore a problem and design the theory and accept and reject it.

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Sociology and common sense

  1. 1. SOCIOLOGY AND COMMON SENSE BY M.USAMA MANSOOR
  2. 2.  The sociological approach goes beyond  Everyday common sense by  Using systematic methods of  Empirical observation and theorization.
  3. 3.  Many people believe they understand the world and the events  Taking place within it  Often justifying their understandings by  Calling it “common sense.”
  4. 4.  However,  They have not actually engaged  In a systematic attempt to  Understand the social world.
  5. 5.  Sociology, is an attempt  To understand the social world by  Situating social events in their  Corresponding environment (i.e., social structure, culture, history)
  6. 6.  Trying to understand social phenomena by  Collecting and analyzing empirical data.  This scientific approach is  what differentiates sociological knowledge from common sense.
  7. 7.  For example, Peter Berger, a well-known sociologist, argued, that  what distinguishes  Sociology from common sense.
  8. 8.  For Sociologists:  "[try] to see what is there.  [They] may have hopes or  fears concerning what [they] may find.
  9. 9.  But [they] will try to see,  Regardless of [their] hopes or fears.  It is thus an act of pure perception..."
  10. 10.  Thus, to obtain sociological knowledge, sociologists must study  Their world methodically and systematically.  They do this through  Induction and deduction.
  11. 11.  With induction, sociologists gather  Data on the ground and formulate theories about what they find.  These theories are then tested by using the scientific method in  Order to assess the theory's validity
  12. 12.  In order to test a theory's validity,  They utilize deduction.
  13. 13.  These theories are then tested by  Using the scientific method in  Order to assess the  Theory's validity.
  14. 14.  In order to test a theory's validity,  They utilize deduction.  Deduction is  The act of evaluating their theories  In light of new data.
  15. 15. Thus,  Sociological knowledge is  Produced through  A constant back and forth between  Empirical observation and theorization.
  16. 16.  In this way, sociology is more  Rigorous than common sense  Because sociologists test and modify
  17. 17.  Their understanding of  How the world works through  Scientific analysis.

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