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Introduction to the CoP concept
                                      Antonio Rota
                 STA Livestock and Farm...
Who are we?




An International Financial Institution and a specialised
UN agency dedicated to eradicating poverty and hu...
Goal




To empower poor rural women and men in developing
countries to achieve higher incomes and improved food
security
Operations

• One of the largest sources of development financing for
  agriculture and rural development

• Since incepti...
Activities supported in IFAD's projects
                                     Amount                                       ...
New IFAD Operating Model


• IFAD is determined to increase its development
  effectiveness, efficiency and relevance in h...
Main driving changes

• Results-based Country Strategy Opportunity
  Programme (COSOP)
• Quality Enhancement/Quality Assur...
Need for Partnership

 To work with partners to identify/develop innovative
 solutions

 To compensate IFAD’s relatively l...
Is this a common need?

“We need to learn how to connect all the dots—how to
integrate the work of science groups with tha...
Concept of Community of Practice (CoP)



 The concept of “CoP” has emerged within development
 communities as a way of st...
Scope

 To identify key problems and opportunities to develop
 collective strategies and priorities

                     ...
Key Features



• Continuous interaction

• Multi-stakeholder approach

• Convergence towards common objectives
Value of the proposed CoPs

Three BEs:

• Be innovative, effective, and demand-driven

• Be proactive supporter of partner...
IFAD Comparative Advantage


• Relevant cross-sectoral knowledge on a wide variety of rural
  development issues (e.g. mic...
Expected outputs

• A common ground for building new partnerships and
  establishing new strategic working relationships a...
Model
Conclusions

Three3 BEs:
• Be guided by precise strategic objectives which are
  quantitative/qualitative and operational....
Conclusions

• All these aspects must be arrange by the COP
  members and should be in line with their
  expectations and ...
Conclusions


• IFAD intends giving an important contribute to all these
  aspects and will continue supporting the overal...
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Introduction to the CoP Concept

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Introduction to the CoP Concept

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Introduction to the CoP Concept

  1. 1. Introduction to the CoP concept Antonio Rota STA Livestock and Farming Systems Technical Advisory Division (PT) 12-13 January 2009
  2. 2. Who are we? An International Financial Institution and a specialised UN agency dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas
  3. 3. Goal To empower poor rural women and men in developing countries to achieve higher incomes and improved food security
  4. 4. Operations • One of the largest sources of development financing for agriculture and rural development • Since inception (1978) has provided more than USD 10.6 billion in loans (788) and grants (2057) • Investment programme growing at 10 percent per year • 200 ongoing programmes and projects for a total of USD 3.2 billion • Operating in 115 countries
  5. 5. Activities supported in IFAD's projects Amount Irrigation/w ater Activities (USD Fisheries/aquac. m gt Lvst prod/range million) 2% 10% m gt/intgr crop-lvst Financial services & markets 2034 8% Research/extens/ Rural dev/infrastr. 1087 Rural dev/infrastr capacity bldg Research/extension/loc. cap. bldg 1012 13% 12% Agricultural development 962 NRM Irrigation/water management 832 5% Hum an & social Project mgt/M &E 699 assets Livestock & rangeland 657 6% systems/intgr crop-lvst systems Agr dev 11% Human & social assets (comm. dev., 529 Proj m g/M&E education, etc.) 8% Natural Resource Management 407 Others Fisheries/aquaculture 132 1% Fin services & Others (land reform, etc.) 125 m arkets TOTAL INVESTMENT (actual) 8476 24%
  6. 6. New IFAD Operating Model • IFAD is determined to increase its development effectiveness, efficiency and relevance in helping its member countries to reduce rural poverty (Strategic Framework) • Action Plan targeting more than 40 deliverables in the three broad areas of: - Strategic planning and guidance - Project quality and impact - Knowledge management and innovation
  7. 7. Main driving changes • Results-based Country Strategy Opportunity Programme (COSOP) • Quality Enhancement/Quality Assurance for Project Design • Country Project Management Team (CPMT) for project design – implementation • Direct Supervision and Implementation Support • Country Presence • Innovating Sharing Knowledge and Learning (KM Strategy, Innovative Mainstreaming Initiative)
  8. 8. Need for Partnership To work with partners to identify/develop innovative solutions To compensate IFAD’s relatively limited expertise and human resources in specific areas (such as fisheries and aquaculture) To address the complexity of “development” We need an innovative business model for working together within and outside IFAD
  9. 9. Is this a common need? “We need to learn how to connect all the dots—how to integrate the work of science groups with that of the many other players in developing-country agriculture in ways that deliver all the given specific pieces needed to support, improve and sustain African farming in specific circumstances.” “This will require all research institutions to start talking to development institutions, to start building new kinds of partnerships, and to start taking on some radical new ways of doing business. It’s bound to be a messy process. But a necessary one.” Carlos Sere, Director of ILRI – received three days ago
  10. 10. Concept of Community of Practice (CoP) The concept of “CoP” has emerged within development communities as a way of strengthening the connections among like-minded persons who seek to improve, through joint actions and collaborations, both knowledge and practice for improving the effectiveness of rural development and poverty reduction programs
  11. 11. Scope To identify key problems and opportunities to develop collective strategies and priorities HOW • To promote livestock, fisheries and aquaculture as tools for poverty reduction • To empower poor farmers/livestock keepers/fisherfolk to actively participate in decision-making processes and in the management of their livelihoods.
  12. 12. Key Features • Continuous interaction • Multi-stakeholder approach • Convergence towards common objectives
  13. 13. Value of the proposed CoPs Three BEs: • Be innovative, effective, and demand-driven • Be proactive supporter of partnerships, dialogue and efficient collaborations • Be people and poverty focussed
  14. 14. IFAD Comparative Advantage • Relevant cross-sectoral knowledge on a wide variety of rural development issues (e.g. microfinance, gender, institution development) • Catalyst role: test innovations and replicate and scale up successful innovative approaches. • Advocating role: make sure that poverty eradication issues are included into international agendas of governments, donors and funding institutions • Work directly with poor rural communities and grassroot organizations to enhance their access to assets, services and opportunities they need to overcome poverty. • International Financial Institution (i.e. support to research programmes and technology transfer)
  15. 15. Expected outputs • A common ground for building new partnerships and establishing new strategic working relationships among development partners to promote livestock, fisheries and aquaculture as tools for poverty reduction; • Identification of national (international) expertise/ “champions” for supporting in-country participatory process for project design, project implementation and supervision support at country level; • Exchange experiences/relevant knowledge, share innovative solutions, best practices/lessons learnt, and support learning across institutions/ countries; • Opportunities and facilitation for the elaboration of common strategies/policies/operations/advocacy for pro-poor livestock/fisheries/aquaculture development; • Access to technical backstopping/advisory services for Quality Enhancement of project design, implementation and supervision.
  16. 16. Model
  17. 17. Conclusions Three3 BEs: • Be guided by precise strategic objectives which are quantitative/qualitative and operational. • Be developed as a well balanced system, self- organized, with sustainable organizational, administrative and financial support (at least to build a solid start-up) • Be able to combine innovations and new practices with the specificities of each partner and with the utilization of his specific knowledge.
  18. 18. Conclusions • All these aspects must be arrange by the COP members and should be in line with their expectations and interests. • Appropriate working modalities and organizational arrangements need to be discussed and worked out in detail by its members • A sustainable multi-stakeholder knowledge management system, with an overarching identity and overall common purposes, need to be established to support stakeholders’ needs, and in particular of farmers who can benefit from more appropriate and effective practices.
  19. 19. Conclusions • IFAD intends giving an important contribute to all these aspects and will continue supporting the overall initiative. • However without “committed” people it will not be possible to go ahead and build a concrete and powerful Community.

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