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The Chechen Wars


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The Chechen Wars

  1. 1. The Chechen Wars: A Brief History <ul><li>Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Chechnya </li></ul>
  2. 2. Where is Chechnya? Source:
  3. 3. A Violent History <ul><li>First Chechen War: 1994-1996 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Result: Chechnya’s de facto independence from Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Casualty estimates range from 50,000 to 100,000 </li></ul></ul>Photo by Mikhail Evstafiev
  4. 4. A Violent History <ul><li>Second Chechen War: 1999-2002 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triggered by the Dagestan War (1999) and the Russian apartment bombings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military casualty estimates range from 5,000-11,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian casualty estimates range from 15,000 to 25,000+ </li></ul></ul>Source: Kavkaz Center
  5. 5. Involved Parties <ul><li>Russian Federation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% ethnic Russians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russian Orthodoxy is dominant religion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republic of Chechnya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.1 million residents (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population is 94% Chechen; most of whom are Sunni Muslims </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Non-Combatants <ul><li>Anna Politkovskaya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slain Russian journalist and human rights activist known for her reporting on and opposition to Chechen Wars </li></ul></ul>Photo Source Unknown
  7. 7. Non-Combatants <ul><li>Aleksandr Litvinenko </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former KGB agent and Russian intelligence officer known for his opposition to the Chechen Wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exiled to London and later poisoned </li></ul></ul>Photo Source Unknown
  8. 8. Hostage Crises <ul><li>Moscow Theatre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct. 23, 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chechen separatist militants take 850 hostage during a sold out performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 ½ day siege; theatre gassed by Russian Special Forces in effort to quell hostage-takers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>129 hostages & 33 terrorists killed </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Hostage Crises <ul><li>Beslan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 1, 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Islamic rebels took 1,200 hostage inside a school in Beslan, North Ossetia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russians stormed school; response was later criticized as disorganized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>334 civilians killed, including 186 school children </li></ul></ul>