Jewish Religious Beliefs And Practices


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  • Jewish Religious Beliefs And Practices

    1. 1. Israel - Judaism Douglas Woods Lyubov Kutsar Roman Kudrya Walter Lauzon Svetlana Kozlova
    2. 2. Israeli Anthem <ul><li>As long as deep in the heart, The soul of a Jew yearns, And forward to the East To Zion, an eye looks Our hope will not be lost, The hope of two thousand years, To be a free nation in our land, The land of Zion and Jerusalem. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Israeli Anthem Eretz Tzion v'Yerushalayim L'hiyot am chofshi b'artzenu Hatikvah bat shnot alpayim Od lo avdah tikvatenu Ayin l'tzion tzofiyah Ulfa'atey mizrach kadimah Nefesh Yehudi homiyah Kol od balevav p'nimah
    4. 4. Where is Israel? <ul><li>Middle East Country </li></ul><ul><li>Borders include: Lebanon to the north, Egypt to the south, and Jordan to the east. The Mediterranean sea is its western border. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Size <ul><li>Israel is 20,770 square kilometers in size. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly the size of the state of New Jersey </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Dead Sea <ul><li>The Dead Sea, the lowest point on earth is located in Israel. It is 408 M below sea level. </li></ul><ul><li>It is called the Dead Sea because there is so much salt in the water that nothing can live in it, also it causes people to float. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Har Meron <ul><li>Har Meron is the highest point in Israel at 1,208 meters. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Weather and Climate <ul><li>Israel’s climate is Mediterranean, temperate and hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas. (Long dry hot summers and short, cool, rainy winters. </li></ul>
    9. 9. People <ul><li>There are 6,353,117 people living in Israel. (less than New York City) </li></ul><ul><li>80.1% are Jewish, 19.9% are Arabs. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Government <ul><li>The Israeli government is democracy much like ours. </li></ul><ul><li>Their leader is a Prime Minister but they also have a President. </li></ul><ul><li>The capital and largest city of Israel is Jerusalem. (pop. 758,300) </li></ul>
    11. 11. History <ul><li>Israel is both very old and very new. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Birthplace of the Jewish People <ul><li>The first thousand years recorded in the bible take place in the land that today is called Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people once called Israel home but lost it many times </li></ul><ul><li>From about 536 BC to about 1948 AD the Jewish people have not had a country of their own. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people have faced much persecution throughout their long history. </li></ul>
    13. 13. 1914 Chief Rabbi Kook allowed sports to be played 1920 Sports not allowed on Sabbath 1932 First International Olympics have Jews
    14. 14. Judaism <ul><li>Oldest religion of the western world. </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham is the founder of Judaism. </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in One GOD. </li></ul><ul><li>God’s chosen people. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Judaism <ul><li>Orthodox: very strict, follows laws closely, and believe that God gave Moses the laws of the Torah and Talmud. </li></ul><ul><li>Men are higher then women and worship in different places. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Where do Jews Worship? <ul><li>The synagogue is much more to the Jewish community than a place of worship. It is the visible focus of the community in an area. </li></ul><ul><li>Most synagogues will be a combination of prayer hall, community center, religious school, library and meeting place. </li></ul>
    17. 17. In the Synagogue <ul><li>Synagogue is a house of prayer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ark : most important thing in the synagogue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The scrolls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamp : at the entrance to the ark, called an everlasting light (Ner Tamid) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magen David : star of David, symbols Judaism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Menorah : 7 branched candlestick symbolizing the creation of the world. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Spiritual Leader <ul><li>A Rabbi in Judaism, is a person qualified by study of the Hebrew scriptures and the Talmud to serve as spiritual leader of a Jewish community or congregation. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Shabbat Shalom
    20. 20. Why celebrate Shabbat? <ul><li>The creation of the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>The liberation of Jews from Egypt--and the resulting message that the world can be liberated from all forms of oppression. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet the celebration is more than just a moment of thankfulness. It is, rather, a personal re-living of the creation and of the liberation. </li></ul><ul><li>Starts from Sunset on Friday and ends on sunset on Saturday. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Forbidden on Shabbat <ul><li>Don't use money or even touch money. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't work or even think about work. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't do any housework. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't write or use any electronic device. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't create fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't fix things up or tear things down--leave the world the way it is. </li></ul><ul><li>Wait until after the sunset on Saturday. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Shabbat Practices <ul><li>Prayer of lightning the Candles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blessed are You, Lord our God, King of the universe, Who sanctified us with his commandments, and commanded us to light the Sabbath candles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Netilat Yadayim: Washing the Hands for Shabbat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blessed art though, Lord our God, Master of the universe, who hast sanctified us with thy commandments, and commanded us about washing the hands. </li></ul></ul>Wine in this tradition symbolizes joy and holiness and is used to mark both the beginning and end of Shabbat.
    23. 23. Beginning of Meal <ul><li>Kiddush: Kiddush is typically said over wine. It is a ritual that sanctifies Shabbat. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You are blessed, Our God, Spirit of the World, who creates the fruit of the vine. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blessing over Challot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blessed are you, Lord our God, king of the universe, who brings forth bread from the earth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lahaem </li></ul>
    24. 24. Changed Israeli Cuisine <ul><li>Since Israel was reborn in 1948, new culinary traditions have emerged because of new immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli cuisine is now mixed with Eastern Europe, North Africa, and Middle East culture </li></ul><ul><li>foods and dishes. </li></ul><ul><li>In ancient Jerusalem, excellent markets were filled with fresh vegetables , fruits , poultry , lamb and fish ; the narrow streets of the city were lined with numerous stalls where vendors sold fried fish , pickled cucumbers and freshly grilled meats . </li></ul><ul><li>New restaurants are opening up which have </li></ul><ul><li>French and Italian cookery blending with Israeli foods. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Kosher Laws <ul><li>The kosher law is one of the dietary laws taken from the Holy Book. It forbids eating certain foods, including pork , rabbit and shellfish , and even &quot;kosher&quot; animals must be slaughtered according to the humane guidelines. </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy and meat foods also need to be cooked and eaten separately. So two complete sets of dishes are used, stored and cleaned separately in traditional homes. </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral foods such as fish , eggs , fruits and vegetables may be eaten with either meat or milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooking is not permitted on the Sabbath, the day of rest, except for foods prepared in advance that can simmer for a long time under a low flame . </li></ul>
    26. 26. Etiquettes and Traditions <ul><li>The large meal is at noontime, when children return home from school. Dinner is a light one consisting of dairy products, salads and eggs. </li></ul><ul><li>Etiquette at a dinner table: seating is arranged by the host. Eating etiquette is western. There is a standard toast before the meal. </li></ul><ul><li>Gift giving when a person is invited to lunch/dinner. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Main foods <ul><li>Goats are easy to raise and milk and </li></ul><ul><li>cheese products are highly valued. </li></ul><ul><li>From biblical times, Israel is considered the land of Milk and Honey. </li></ul><ul><li>Olive has been a fact of life in the Mediterranean region for thousands </li></ul><ul><li>of years and it’s a symbol of peace </li></ul><ul><li>Israeli olive oil is known to have a </li></ul><ul><li>very high quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Vines mean sweet fruit, grape </li></ul><ul><li>honey, raisins, and wine. </li></ul><ul><li>Figs are not only food, but </li></ul><ul><li>medicine </li></ul>
    28. 28. Fruits Pickled Lemons Cherries Grapes Assorted
    29. 29. Shabbat - Sabbath <ul><li>Challah </li></ul><ul><li>Chollent – Jewish stew </li></ul><ul><li>Different Soups, salads </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Dishes </li></ul>
    30. 30. Havdalah: Ending of Shabbat <ul><li>Thank God for the food prayer: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blessed are you, Lord our God, master of the universe, Who nourishes the whole world in goodness, with grace, kindness, and compassion. He gives bread to all flesh, for His mercy endures forever. Amen. </li></ul></ul>