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COVID-19 trivia and facts for educators and nonprofits

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Presentation for the Nonprofit Commons and ISTE Games & Simulations Network on March 6, 2020. Features trivia questions and answers that depend in some cases on your perspective.

Published in: Education
  • Slide 3 should be titled Global Cases March 6, 2020 9:13 am EST and the last slide on the humorous guide to Texas handwashing was slide 6 in our workshop in Second Life. We made a video of the session. Many thanks to the Nonprofit Commons and the ISTE Games and Simulations Network
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COVID-19 trivia and facts for educators and nonprofits

  1. 1. What Can Educators and Nonprofits Do to Protect Against COVID-19? Nonprofit Commons ISTE Games & Simulations Network Dr. Cynthia Calongne, Colorado Technical University, Colorado Community Colleges Online, Workshop in Second Life on March 6, 2020
  2. 2. Coronavirus is SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 It is a severe attack respiratory disease related to the coronaviruses SARS and MERS What can we do to prevent its spread? Universal Studios. (2010). Despicable me [Motion picture].
  3. 3. Global Cases March 6, 2020 1:33 am EST Johns Hopkins University. (2020). https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  4. 4. Sweden – UAR + Daily Cases Johns Hopkins University. (2020). https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  5. 5. Hubei-Wuhan cases, deaths & recovered Johns Hopkins University. (2020). https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  6. 6. Latest cases March 6 2020 3:23 am Johns Hopkins University. (2020). https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6
  7. 7. Ellen wants to help protect you from getting the Coronavirus https://youtu.be/8WpFva5PYnU
  8. 8. Safe Practices - true or false? 1. A mask protects you from infection. 2. Using a hand sanitizer will kill the virus. 3. If you sneeze or get a cough, go straight to the hospital. 4. If you traveled from Italy, South Korea, or China two weeks ago, it is ok to travel in the U.S. 5. If someone in your home has COVID-19, drop them off at the hospital and go to school or work. 6. You can attend large gatherings if not COVID-19 positive
  9. 9. How did you do? 1. A mask protects you from infection. False 2. Using a hand sanitizer will kill the virus. False 3. If you sneeze or get a cough, go straight to the hospital. False 4. If you traveled from Italy, South Korea, or China two weeks ago, it is ok to travel in the U.S. False 5. If someone in your home has COVID-19, drop them off at the hospital and go to school or work. False. Isolate yourself. 6. You can attend large gatherings if not COVID-19 positive. Maybe. You are fine, but you may contract and spread the virus.
  10. 10. Alcohol 60-95% Bleach Peroxide Fighting Coronavirus See the EPA list of COVID-19 products https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2020-03/documents/sars-cov-2-list_03-03-2020.pdf Apply sanitizer to clean hands & let dry Do not wipe to remove the excess Beware of sanitizers with < 60% alcohol All three chemicals fight COVID-19 Brands include Clorox & Lysol
  11. 11. Myth or Truth? 1. A mask protects others if you test positive. 2. Stock up on hand sanitizer. Cleans better than soap & water. 3. Is there evidence that Lysol or Clorox kills COVID-19? 4. Travel bans prevent the spread of COVID-19. 5. Self-quarantine yourself after contact with an infected person. 6. The seasonal flu is more dangerous than COVID-19. 7. The virus came from eating bats, snakes, or pangolins.
  12. 12. Mythbusters 1. A mask protects others if you test positive. Possibly. It may limit the spread of droplets, but who needs an N95 respirator? 2. Stock up on hand sanitizer. Cleans better than soap & water. False 3. Is there evidence that Lysol or Clorox kills COVID-19? False. It kills other viruses, but we need more data. 4. Travel bans prevent the spread of COVID-19. False, isolation does 5. Self-quarantine yourself after contact with an infected person. True 6. The seasonal flu is more dangerous than COVID-19. False, the flu has a mortality rate of .01% and COVID-19 is 2% - 3.4%. 7. The virus came from eating bats, snakes, or pangolins. False
  13. 13. Protect Yourself & Others https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public
  14. 14. What You Can Do • Don’t touch your face – On the average, we touch our faces 20 times an hour. Some do it 45 times an hour. https://abcn.ws/3csnZCs • Wash your hands often & on all sides – Lather all sides, form a steeple, clean between fingers, palms, back of your hands, & thumbs for 20 seconds – Sing Happy Birthday to You twice – Or sing Row, row, row your boat 2-3 times Do not shake hands – give a bow, wave, and a smile
  15. 15. Preparedness Plan • WHO recommends food for two weeks – Recovery time is a median of 32 days. If you recover at home, plan ahead. • Buy cleansers, soap, & supplies – Bleach, peroxide, or alcohol, bar soap, and liquid soap • Need over the counter or prescription meds? – Supply will be scarce. Plan what you need. If you get a cough with a fever, keep track of the fever. Check with your doctor or an emergency care facility. If your fever rises above 103, get to a hospital. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html
  16. 16. Symptoms • Cough, Sore Throat • Chills • Fever – If your fever rises over 103, get help. 105 is deadly Lungs may harden, pneumonia & respiratory distress Virus mutated twice https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html
  17. 17. ROCS. (2020, March 6). Event Horizon COVID- 19. Research on Complex Systems (ROCS). http://rocs.hu- berlin.de/corona /#modeling-the- spread-of-covid- 19
  18. 18. ROCS. (2020, March 6). Event Horizon COVID-19. Research on Complex Systems (ROCS). http://rocs.hu-berlin.de/viz/sgb/
  19. 19. Shenzhen, China Study (Bi et al., 2020) • Shenzhen CDC • 391 SARS-CoV-2 cases from January 14 to February 12, 2020 and 1286 close contacts • Mean age 45 with 187 males, 204 females • 91% had mild or moderate clinical severity at initial assessment. • Three died, 225 recovered (median time to recovery is 32 days) • Cases isolated an 4.6 days average after developing symptoms (1.9 less after contact tracing) https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.03.20028423v1
  20. 20. Shenzhen, China Study (Bi et al., 2020) • Household contacts and those travelling with a case where at higher risk of infection (ORs 6 and 7) than other close contacts. • The household secondary attack rate was 15% • Children were as likely to be infected as adults • The observed reproductive number was 0.4, with a mean serial interval of 6.3 days. • Heightened surveillance and isolation with contact tracing, reduces the time cases are infectious in the community https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.03.20028423v1
  21. 21. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/coronavirus-age-sex-demographics/
  22. 22. What can we do? Be prepared Educate Mentor Wash often Do not touch Be a good neighbor Isolate when needed to reduce the spread Harvard epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch predicts 40-70% of the adult population to be infected with millions dying (1%, conservatively speaking or up to 2,091,281 adults at a minimum in the US). https://youtu.be/iDelUkpFm60
  23. 23. News References Thorbecke, C. (2020, March 3). Amazon removes 1 million products for misleading claims, price gouging amid coronavirus outbreak. https://abcnews.go.com/Business/amazon-cracks-million-misleading-price-gouged- products-amid/story?id=69357582 ABC. (2020 March 3). Coronavirus reality check: How to avoid germs that may be lurking at the office. Dr. Syra Madad, senior director of NYC health and hospitals special pathogens program, shows where germs lurk from our hands to mouths and high touch areas in the office. https://abcn.ws/3csnZCs Devlin, H. (2020, March 5). Has Covid-19 mutated into a more deadly strain? Busting the coronavirus myths. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/05/has-covid-19- mutated-into-a-more-deadly-strain-busting-the-coronavirus-myths Tsioulcas, A. (2020, March 5). Coronavirus concerns stymie live music performances and SXSW. https://www.npr.org/2020/03/05/812487700/coronavirus-concerns-stymie-live- music-performances-and-sxsw
  24. 24. Research References Epidemiology and Transmission of COVID-19 in Shenzhen China: Analysis of 391 casesand 1,286 of their close contacts. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.03.20028423 Bi , Q., Wu, Y., Mei, S., Ye, C., Zou, X. Zhang, Z., Liu, X, Wei, L., Truelove, S. A., Zhang, T., Gao, W., Cheng , C., Tang, X., Wu, X., Wu, Y., Sun, B., Huang, S., Sun, Y., Zhang, J., Ma, T., Lessler, J., & Feng, T. (2020). Epidemiology and transmission of COVID-19 in Shenzhen China: Analysis of 391 cases and 1,286 of their close contacts. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.03.20028423 Zhang, S., Diao, M., Yu, W., Pei, L., Lin, Z., & Chen, D. (2020). Estimation of the reproductive number of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the probable outbreak size on the Diamond Princess cruise ship: A data-driven analysis. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.02.033 Young, K. 2020, March 3). COVID-19: Secondary attack rate / Equivolcal Lopinavir- Ritonavir results. https://www.jwatch.org/fw116413/2020/03/03/covid-19-secondary- attack-rate-equivocal-lopinavir
  25. 25. Technical Tips & Research EPA. (2020). EPA’s registered antimicrobial products for use against novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the cause of COVID-19. https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2020-03/documents/sars-cov-2- list_03-03-2020.pdf Ebbs, S. (2020, March 5). EPA releases list of approved disinfectants to kill coronavirus, and why homemade sanitizer won’t work. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/epa-releases-list-disinfectant-products- approved-kill-covid/story?id=69412861 Hou, C. (2020). 6 dangerous myths about coronavirus. https://thehill.com/changing-america/well-being/prevention-cures/486114-6- dangerous-myths-about-coronavirus Begley, S. (2020, February 14). Disease modelers gaze into their computers to see the future of Covid-19, and it isn’t good. https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/14/disease- modelers-see-future-of-covid-19/
  26. 26. Additional links Tsioulcas, A. (2020, March 5). Coronavirus concerns stymie live music performances and SXSW. https://www.npr.org/2020/03/05/812487700/coronavirus-concerns-stymie-live- music-performances-and-sxsw Eckert, A, & Higgins, D. (2019). 2019-nCoV-CDC-23312 without background.png [Image]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public Health Image Library (PHIL). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronavirus#/media/File:2019-nCoV-CDC- 23312_without_background.png Kurtz, J. (2020, March 3). Ellen DeGeneres gives tutorial on hand-washing amid coronavirus outbreak. https://thehill.com/blogs/in-the-know/in-the-know/485693-ellen- degeneres-gives-tutorial-on-hand-washing-amid-coronavirus
  27. 27. Questions? Stay safe!
  28. 28. Courtesy of Gentle Heron and social media

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