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Character strengths in storytelling by calongne

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Presentation designed by Dr. Andrew Stricker for The Air University and adapted by Dr. Cynthia Calongne for her workshop with the CTU Student Support Community, November 4, 2017.

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Character strengths in storytelling by calongne

  1. 1. CHARACTER STRENGTHS A Game of Character in Storytelling Cynthia Calongne, D.CS, Colorado Technical University Designed by Andrew Stricker,PhD, The AirUniversity
  2. 2. The Science of Strength & Virtuous Behaviors “The best moments in our lives are not the passive, receptive, relaxing times… The best moments usually occur if a person’s body or mind is stretched to its limits in a voluntary effort to accomplish something difficult and worthwhile.” – Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi Christopher Peterson Martin Seligman Positive Psychology Model based on research examining strengths and resiliency
  3. 3. Using the theme from the movie Gladiator And humor from Mr. Bean, the Gladiator Freak Show. (2011, December). BEAN the Gladiator [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.freakingnews.com/Mr-Bean-The-Gladiator-Pictures-103098.asp
  4. 4. Do not my virtues matter if they drive me to excel? The Virtues ofCommodus Ambitious Resourceful Courageous Devoted Am Inot dutiful? Wick, D., Franzoni, D., & Lustig, B. (Producers), Scott, R. (Director). (2000). Gladiator [Motion picture]. United States: DreamWorks Pictures.
  5. 5. Virtues on front of La Rochelle City Hall, France Plato’s Four Cardinal Virtues - Shared by Marcus Aurelius to his son Commodus in the movie Gladiator Prudence (Wisdom) Justice Fortitude Temperance
  6. 6. Ambitious Resourceful Courageous Devoted The Hidden Philosophical Message in 'Gladiator' Am I not a dutiful & virtuous warrior? Wick, D., Franzoni, D., & Lustig, B. (Producers), Scott, R. (Director). (2000). Gladiator [Motion picture]. United States: DreamWorks Pictures.
  7. 7. What did he do to rule? The Actions of Commodus Resourceful Courageous Devoted Ambitious Wick, D., Franzoni, D., & Lustig, B. (Producers), Scott, R. (Director). (2000). Gladiator [Motion picture]. United States: DreamWorks Pictures.
  8. 8. Let’s Play a Strengths & Virtues Game You are a hero, a knight on a noble quest Many trials will challenge you 1st What will aid you in your quest? 2nd What do you need to grow stronger?
  9. 9. Your Goals & Strengths As the hero of your story What matters most to you? What do you want most out of life? Your goal is to achieve a virtuous outcome. How will your strengths aid you in your quest? Which of the strengths will you seek to grow stronger?
  10. 10. Contemporary Model of Virtues & CharacterStrengths Temperance Wisdom Love Kindnes sSocial Intelligence Zest Bravery Honest yPerseveranc e Love of Learning Perspective Judgment Creativity Curiosity Humility Prudence Forgiveness Self- Regulation Teamwork Leadershi p Fairness Appreciation of Beauty & Excellence Spirituality Gratitude Humor Hope
  11. 11. Rate your character strengths, scale of 1-5 5 is strong, 4 is often, 3 is normal, 2 is less often, 1 is rarely Creativity – thinking of new ways to do things Curiosity – want to learn more about everything - discovery Love of Learning – you love formal & informal learning Perspective – others view you as wise & turn to you for advice Love – you value close relations, sharing & caring Kindness – you are kind & generous with others, good deeds Rate 1-5 how strongly do you represent these strengths – 5 is strong, 1 is light
  12. 12. Rate your character strengths 1-5 5 is always, 4 is strong, 3 is normal, 2 is less often, 1 is rarely Judgment – Critical thinking, perceptive, analytical Social Intelligence – sensitive to the motives & feelings of others Teamwork – you excel in a team, work hard and share Fairness – treat everyone the same despite personal feelings Leadership – Motivator, organizer, inspiration, charismatic Bravery – speak for what’s right, fearless for others, valor Rate 1-5 how strongly do you represent these strengths – 5 is strong, 1 is light
  13. 13. Rate your character strengths 1-5 5 is always, 4 is strong, 3 is normal, 2 is less often, 1 is rarely Perseverance – persistent, strong work ethic, you deliver Honesty – authentic, genuine, high integrity, trustworthy Enthusiasm – zest, vitality, enthusiastic, energetic, on fire, vigor Appreciation of Beauty – awe & wonder for all forms of beauty Gratitude – thankful for the good things that happen Optimism – hope – working toward the best future Rate 1-5 how strongly do you represent these strengths – 5 is strong, 1 is light
  14. 14. Rate your character strengths 1-5 5 is always, 4 is strong, 3 is normal, 2 is less often, 1 is rarely Humor – keep others smiling, playful, light-hearted Spirituality – faithful, understand your purpose & life’s meaning Forgiveness – mercy, belief in 2nd chances, accept shortcomings Humility – modest, less talk, let your acts speak for you Prudence – careful, cautious, sensible, steady Self-control – disciplined, manage impulses & emotions Rate 1-5 how strongly do you represent these strengths – 5 is strong, 1 is light
  15. 15. Character Strengths by the Core Virtues WISDOM Creativity Curiosity Judgment Love of Learning Perspective TRANSCENDENCE Appreciation of Beauty Gratitude Optimism Humor Spirituality COURAGE Bravery Perseverance Honesty EnthusiasmHUMANITY Love Kindness Social Intelligence JUSTICE Teamwork Fairness Leadership TEMPERANCE Forgiveness Humility Prudence Self-control Which strengths do you choose as your top virtues? You are a virtuous knight.
  16. 16. Character Strengths Serve out of respect for human dignity Never use people as a means for achieving an end Be of good character Integrity Service Driven by Moral Virtues Wisdom Justice Fortitude Temperance Aim for virtuous outcomes Excellence Wick, D., Franzoni, D., & Lustig, B. (Producers), Scott, R. (Director). (2000). Gladiator [Motion picture]. United States: DreamWorks Pictures.
  17. 17. The Scholarship of Moral Virtues in Practice Behavioral & Leadership Sciences Social- Cognitive Sciences Moral & Identity Development Touchstone: the Stoic Philosophical Framework
  18. 18. Aristotle’s Reasoning AboutVirtues The formulation: The acquisition: Intellectual virtue comes from teaching, but moral virtue comes from habit. The two are acquired differently. Intellectual virtue can be acquired by reading a book; moral virtue can be acquired only through practice. A certain type of situation elicits certain responses in us (actions and passions) Based on how we respond, we form a habit . It could be either virtuous or vicious. Vices are acquired by bad habits, just as virtues are acquired by good habits We become virtuous by acting virtuously We become vicious by acting viciously
  19. 19. Discipline in the Practice of Moral Virtues: The StoicView A common definition: stoa poikilê unmovable portico An ancient Greek school of philosophy founded at Athens by Zeno of Citium. The school taught that virtue, the highest good, is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the divine Reason (also identified with Fate and Providence) that governs nature, and are indifferent to the vicissitudes of fortune. Stoics believe the philosophy is a “way of life.” In contemporary thought Stoicism is viewed as a form of psychological discipline. Zeno (344-262 BCE) Seneca (4 BCE-65 CE) Epictetus (c.55-135) Aurelius (121-180) “unmovable porch”
  20. 20. Stoicism and the Military Mind
  21. 21. Embracing & Overcoming Flaws In fiction A character’s flaws make them interesting! What slows you down in life? How will you overcome it? What will you do to grow stronger?
  22. 22. The Flow Model
  23. 23. The universe is change; our life is what our thoughts make it. - MarcusAurelius *adapted from Malinowski, 2013, Liverpool Mindfulness Model * Discipline of the Mind Daimo n
  24. 24. Habits of Mind Related to MoralVirtues Managing impulsivity Listening with empathy and understanding Thinking flexibly, questioning and considering diverse perspectives, learning continuously *adapted from Costa & Kallick, 2000, Habits of Mind * Temperance Wisdom Justice Fortitude Persistence, taking responsible risks
  25. 25. A Larger Perspective Integrity Act Service Outcome Excellence Character System * Agent (Identity) MoralCognition-Reason Performance Moral Mental Health Moral Critical Social Engagement *adapted from Nucci,2016
  26. 26. A LifeView* *adapted from Santrock, 2007, 2017 Chronosystem Microsystem Mesosystem Exosystem Macrosystem Time (Life events & Zeitgeist) Culture Gemeinschaft (Family & Community) Gessellschaft (Civic Society) "The prime principle in man's constitution is the social." - MarcusAurelius Social Concsciousness
  27. 27. Questions? “Always do right…this will gratify some and astonish the rest” – Mark Twain “make your exit with grace — the same grace shown to you.” Live a life well-lived and share your strengths
  28. 28. A Life Well Lived The 13th Warrior [McTiernan, Crichton, & Dowd, 1999] ‘Lo, there do I see my father. ‘Lo, there do I see my mother, and my sisters, and my brothers. ‘Lo, there do I see the line of my people, back to the beginning. ‘Lo, they do call to me. They bid me to take my place among them in the halls of Valhalla where the brave may live forever. McTiernan, J., Crichton, M., Dowd, N. (Producers). (1999). The 13th warrior [Motion picture]. United States: Touchstone Pictures.
  29. 29. Further Reading Nucci, L. (2016). Character: A Multi-faceted Developmental System. Paper prepared for the Workshop on Approaches to the Development of Character, July 26, The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Washington, DC. Available: http:// sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/dbassesite/documents/webpage/dbasse_ 173496.pdf [December 2016]. Peterson, C., and Seligman, M.E.P. (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification. New York: Oxford University Press and Washington, DC: American PsychologicalAssociation. Roeser, R., Vago, D., Pinela, C., Morris, L., Taylor, C., and Harrison, J. (2014). Contemplative education: Cultivating ethical development through mindfulness training. In L. Nucci, D. Narvaez, and T. Krettenauer (Eds.), Handbook of Moral and Character Education (2nd ed.) (pp. 234-247). New York: Routledge.

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