Stalingrad Powerpoint


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Stalingrad Powerpoint

  1. 1. The Battle of Stalingrad Topic: The battle of Stalingrad Key Ideas: Importance of Stalingrad, Operation Blue, Operation Saturn, Operation Uranus Key Conclusions to me made: it was a turning point in the war where Germany lost
  2. 2. The Battle of Stalingrad <ul><li>What: </li></ul><ul><li>A battle between Germany & its allies and the Soviet Union, for Stalingrad </li></ul><ul><li>When: </li></ul><ul><li>Winter, 1942-1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Germany lost their old reputation as being invincible </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pictures of the Battle of Stalingrad
  4. 4. Key Fact 1: Importance of Stalingrad <ul><li>- Major industrial city on banks of Volga River </li></ul><ul><li>- Also Russia ’ s center of communication </li></ul><ul><li>- (Vital transport route between Caspian Sea and Northern Russia) </li></ul><ul><li>- Control of the city would cut Soviet transport links with Southern Russia using the Volga River </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance of Stalingrad (continued) <ul><li>If Germany won Stalingrad, it would also allow them to get the rich oil fields of Caucasus </li></ul><ul><li>It was also Stalin’s city. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler wanted to capture the city that had the name of his enemy </li></ul><ul><li>City’s capture would also be a propaganda achievement. It would have been good for Hitler, for people to know he had beaten his enemy </li></ul>Stalingrad 1942 Caucasus oil fields 1942
  6. 6. Operation Blue <ul><ul><ul><li>- Code name for the attack that Adolf Hitler ordered on the Soviet Union ’ s oil fields in the Caucasus region in 1942. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Failed due to the sixth army – was effectively destroyed at the BATTLE OF STALINGRAD. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Operation Blue (continued) <ul><ul><ul><li>The operation was divided into 2 groups. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group A were to attack south towards Rostov, and wipe out through the Transcaucasus heading for the Caspian Sea while taking oil-fields at Maikop. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group B ’ s primary task was to provide strong Northern flank along the Don, while cutting the vital Soviet freight traffic on the Volga. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Key Fact 3: Operation Saturn -December 1942 until February 1943 -Red Army Operation on Eastern front of WWII -The first stage was to cut off the Germany’s Army Group A. -24th Dec tanks raided Tatsinskaya(The closest air base to Stalingrad) -29th Dec Germany had no choice but to retreat.
  9. 9. Key Fact 3: Operation Saturn (Continued) *90,000-prisoners, 5000-returned to Germany *By January the Hungarian Army was destroyed (Second Stage) *Germany had to retreat. *Krusk, Karkov, and Rostov were captured on Feb 1943. *Stalingrad was 400 miles off West, they had to delay the offensive until 25h February.
  10. 10. Operation Uranus - A german force was encircled during Operation Uranus. - Zhukov and Vasilevsky were the two leaders. - Zhukov’s Plan was to collect enough resources to keep Paulus German 6Th Amry busy while Soviet troops build 5five new tank armies. - The Germans is surrounded in Stalingrad, The Soviet now attacks the weak fronts held by poorly equipped Romanian armies.
  11. 11. Operation Uranus (Continued) - Germans Sixth Army had lost more troop because of the Soviet ground attacks (January 31, 1943). - The Luftwaffe promised to help resupply the Germans but never did because of the lose of transportation vehicles and weather conditions. - By February 2nd 250,000 German Sixth Army troops has surrendered to the Soviet.
  12. 12. How Did This Affect the War? <ul><li>It was a turning point in the war </li></ul><ul><li>German troops were stopped during their progression across Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpected German defeat gave Soviet Union hope </li></ul><ul><li>Germany lost their old reputation as being invincible </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>Re-state event </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Stalingrad was a war fought between Germany and the Soviet Union for Stalingrad. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the result of the event? </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1 million casualties </li></ul><ul><li>It was the bloodiest war in human history </li></ul><ul><li>How did it affect the war? </li></ul><ul><li>It was a turning point in the war, where it went from Germany winning, to Germany losing </li></ul>
  14. 14. 3 Discussion Questions for Class <ul><li>If Germany hadn’t been stopped in this battle, how do you think it would affect the war? </li></ul><ul><li>If Stalingrad wasn’t named after Stalin, do you think Hitler would still want to attack it? </li></ul><ul><li>If one of the operations didn’t happen, do you think that Germany would’ve been stopped during their progression across Russia? </li></ul>