Phrases&Clauses

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Phrases&Clauses

  1. 1. Bell Starter Is it okay to use drugs such as steroids to improve one’s athletic strength? By Lynette Snyder Falcon Creek MS 8 th Grade Writing
  2. 2. Subjects & Predicates <ul><li>A sentence provides the answer to the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who or what did something? (subject) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What did (subject) do? (predicate) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Phrases & Clauses <ul><li>Phrase – a group of words that functions in a sentence as a single part of speech – like a noun, adjective, or adverb. Phrases do not contain a subject and verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Clause – a group of words with its own subject and verb. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>do NOT contain Subjects & Verbs </li></ul>
  5. 5. This phrase acts like an adjective. <ul><li>With his diamond-studded grillz , Paul Wall opened his mouth and lit up the room. </li></ul>
  6. 6. This phrase acts like an adverb. <ul><li>After twenty minutes of listening , the students fell asleep. </li></ul>
  7. 7. This phrase acts like a verb. <ul><li>Vomiting on his lunch , the boy looked ill. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Note that each sentence begins with a phrase and ends with a clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Not all sentences are in this format or order. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>With his diamond-studded grillz , Paul Wall opened his mouth and lit up the room. </li></ul><ul><li>After twenty minutes of listening , the students fell asleep. </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting on his lunch , the boy looked ill. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Clauses have their own subject and verb. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lyn threw a rock at Jim’s head . <ul><li>This clause is a complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject – Lyn Predicate – threw </li></ul>
  12. 12. When she was little . <ul><li>This clause has a subject and a predicate but it is not a complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject - she Predicate – was </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>When she was little , Lyn threw a rock at Jim’s head. </li></ul><ul><li>These two clauses are joined together to make one complete sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>The first clause is helping the second clause by giving the reader more information. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Give It A Try <ul><li>Go back to today’s quick write and add the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Add a phrase to at least one sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Add a clause to at least one sentence. </li></ul>

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