Windows Azure Platform


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About the Windows Azure Platform - by David Chou Architect Evangelist Microsoft

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Windows Azure Platform

  1. 1. Windows Azure Platform<br />David Chou<br /><br /><br />
  2. 2. State of Cloud Computing<br />Perceptions<br />“The end of software”<br />On-demand infrastructure<br />Cheaper and better<br />Reality<br />Hybrid world; not “all-or-nothing”<br />Leverage existing IT skills and investments<br />Seamless user experiences<br />Evolutionary; not revolutionary<br />Drivers<br />Ease-of-use, convenience<br />Product effectiveness<br />Simplify IT, reduce costs<br />Types<br />Public<br />Private<br />Internal<br />External<br />Hybrid<br />Categories<br />SaaS<br />PaaS<br />IaaS<br />
  3. 3. Microsoft in the Cloud<br />(6 years)<br />4B emails/day<br />(7 years)<br />5B conf<br />min/yr<br />(15 years)<br />450M+ <br />active users<br />(11 years)<br />2B queries/mth<br />(11 years)<br />320M+ active<br />users<br />(12 years)<br />Largest non-<br />ICP/IP cloud service <br />x100M users<br />(13 years)<br />550M <br />users/mth<br />(15 years)<br />450M+<br />active users<br />
  4. 4. Bing – “Auto Pilot” Architecture<br />~100,000 Servers in Multiple Data Centers<br />Data Repositories<br />Web & Structured Data Indices<br />Query Analysis & Processing<br />Front-End UX<br />Internet<br />
  5. 5. Generalized Cloud Application Model<br />Always Available<br />Service-Oriented<br />Model-Driven<br />Scale-Out<br />Staged Production<br />Self-Service<br />Failure Resilient<br />Federated<br />Multi-Tenant<br />Elastic<br />
  6. 6. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Data Center Infrastructure<br />Purpose-built data centre to accommodate containers at large scale<br /><ul><li>Cost $500 million, 100,000 square foot facility (10 football fields)</li></ul>40 foot shipping containers can house as many as 2,500 servers <br /><ul><li>Density of 10 times amount of compute in equivalent space in traditional data centre</li></ul>Can deliver an average PUE of 1.22<br /><ul><li>Power Usage Effectiveness benchmark from The Green Grid™ consortium on energy efficiency</li></li></ul><li>The Microsoft Cloud<br />Data Center Infrastructure<br />
  7. 7. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Data Center Infrastructure<br />
  8. 8. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  9. 9. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  10. 10. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  11. 11. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  12. 12. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  13. 13. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  14. 14. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Server Container Deployment<br />
  15. 15. The Microsoft Cloud<br />~100 Globally Distributed Data Centers<br />Quincy, WA<br />Chicago, IL<br />San Antonio, TX<br />Dublin, Ireland<br />Generation 4 DCs<br />
  16. 16. The Microsoft Cloud<br />Highly available, scalable, and consistent application fabric environment<br />
  17. 17. Categories of Services<br />Application Services<br />Software Services<br />Platform Services<br />Infrastructure Services<br />The Microsoft Cloud<br />
  18. 18. Application<br />Marketplace<br />Information Marketplace<br />Personal Data Repository<br />Application Services<br />Workflow Hosting<br />Distributed Cache<br />Services Hosting<br />Frameworks<br />Claims-Based Identity<br />Federated Identities<br />Secure Token Service<br />Declarative Policies<br />Security<br />Composite Applications<br />On-Premise Bridging<br />Service Bus<br />Connectivity<br />Transact-SQL<br />Data Synchronization<br />Relational Database<br />ADO.NET, ODBC, PHP<br />Data<br />Compute<br />C / C++<br />Win32<br />VHD<br />Unstructured Data<br />Blobs<br />Message Queues<br />Distributed Filesystem<br />Content Distribution<br />Storage<br />Windows Azure Platform<br />
  19. 19. Application Services<br />“Dublin”<br />“Velocity”<br />Frameworks<br />“Geneva”<br />Security<br />Access Control<br />Project “Sydney”<br />Connectivity<br />Service Bus<br />SQL Azure Data Sync<br />Data<br />Compute<br />Windows Azure Platform<br />Table Storage<br />Blob Storage<br />Queue<br />Drive<br />Content Delivery Network<br />Storage<br />
  20. 20. Windows Azure Compute<br />Development, service hosting, & management environment<br />.NET, Java PHP, Python, Ruby, native code (C/C++, Win32, etc.)<br />ASP.NET providers, FastCGI, memcached, MySQL, Tomcat<br />Full-trust – supports standard languages and APIs<br />Secure certificate store<br />Management API’s, and logging and diagnostics systems<br />Multiple roles – Web, Worker, Virtual Machine (VHD)<br />Multiple VM sizes<br />1.6 GHz CPU x64, 1.75GB RAM, 100Mbps network, 250GB volatile storage<br />Small (1X), Medium (2X), Large (4X), X-Large (8X)<br />In-place rolling upgrades, organized by upgrade domains<br />Walk each upgrade domain one at a time<br />Compute<br />
  21. 21. Windows Azure Diagnostics<br />Configurable trace, performance counter, Windows event log, IIS log & file buffering<br />Local data buffering quota management<br />Query & modify from the cloud and from the desktop per role instance<br />Transfer to storage scheduled & on-demand<br />Filter by data type, verbosity & time range<br />Compute<br />
  22. 22. Windows Azure Storage<br />Rich data abstractions – tables, blobs, queues, drives, CDN<br />Capacity (100TB), throughput (100MB/sec), transactions (1K req/sec)<br />High accessibility<br />Supports geo-location<br />Language & platform agnostic REST APIs<br />URL: http://&lt;account&gt;.&lt;store&gt;<br />Client libraries for .NET, Java, PHP, etc.<br />High durability – data is replicated 3 times within a cluster, and (Feb 2010) across datacenters<br />High scalability – data is automatically partitioned and load balanced across servers<br />Storage<br />Storage<br />
  23. 23. Windows Azure Table Storage<br />Designed for structured data, not relational data<br />Data definition is part of the application<br />A Table is a set of Entities (records)<br />An Entity is a set of Properties (fields)<br />No fixed schema<br />Each property is stored as a &lt;name, typed value&gt; pair<br />Two entities within the same table can have different properties<br />No schema is enforced<br />Table Storage<br />
  24. 24. Windows Azure Blob Storage<br />Storage for large, named files plus their metadata<br />Block Blob <br />Targeted at streaming workloads<br />Each blob consists of a sequence of blocks<br />Each block is identified by a Block ID<br />Size limit 200GB per blob<br />Page Blob<br />Targeted at random read/write workloads<br />Each blob consists of an array of pages<br />Each page is identified by its offset from the start of the blob<br />Size limit 1TB per blob<br />Blob Storage<br />
  25. 25. Windows Azure Queue<br />Performance efficient, highly available and provide reliable message delivery<br />Asynchronous work dispatch<br />Inter-role communication <br />Polling based model; best-effort FIFO data structure<br />Queue operations<br />Create Queue<br />Delete Queue<br />List Queues<br />Get/Set Queue Metadata<br />Message operations<br />Add Message<br />Get Message(s)<br />Peek Message(s)<br />Delete Message<br />Queue<br />
  26. 26. Windows Azure Drive<br />Provides a durable NTFS volume for Windows Azure applications to use<br />Use existing NTFS APIs to access a durable drive<br />Durability and survival of data on application failover <br />Enables migrating existing NTFS applications to the cloud<br />Drives can be up to 1TB; a VM can dynamically mount up to 8 drives<br />A Windows Azure Drive is a Page Blob<br />Example, mount Page Blob as X:<br />http://&lt;account&gt;;container&gt;/&lt;blob&gt;<br />All writes to drive are made durable to the Page Blob<br />Drive made durable through standard Page Blob replication<br />Drive<br />
  27. 27. Windows Azure Content Delivery Network<br />Provides high-bandwidth global blob content delivery<br />18 locations globally (US, Europe, Asia, Australia and South America), and growing<br />Blob service URL vs. CDN URL<br />Blob URL: http://&lt;account&gt;<br />CDN URL: http://&lt;guid&gt; <br />Support for custom domain names<br />Access details<br />Blobs are cached in CDN until the TTL passes<br />Use per-blob HTTP Cache-Control policy for TTL (new)<br />CDN provides only anonymous HTTP access<br />Content Delivery Network<br />
  28. 28. SQL Azure<br />Highly available, scalable, and consistent distributed relational database; geo-replication and geo-location of data<br />Relational database, provided as a service<br />Highly symmetrical development and tooling experience (use TDS protocol and T-SQL)<br />Highly scaled out, on commodity hardware<br />Built on the SQL Server technology foundation<br />Editions: Web (1GB), Business (10GB)<br />Data<br />
  29. 29. SQL Azure Data Sync<br />Tools for data synchronization with SQL Azure<br />Connect on-premises apps with the cloud<br />Create cached-mode clients<br />Built on Microsoft Sync Framework and ADO.NET Sync Services<br />SQL Azure Data Sync<br />
  30. 30. AppFabric Service Bus<br />Securely connect applications<br />Over the internet<br />Across any network topology<br />Across organizational boundaries<br />Primary application patterns<br />Eventing– notify applications and/or devices<br />Service Remoting– securely project on-premises services out to the cloud<br />Tunneling– app-to-app communication with NAT/Firewall traversal<br />Connectivity<br />Service Bus<br />
  31. 31. AppFabric Access Control<br />Provides outsourcing of claims-based access control for REST web services<br />Key capabilities:<br />Usable from any platform<br />Low friction way to onboard new clients<br />Integrates with ADFS v2<br />Supports OAuth WRAP / SWT<br />Enables simple delegation<br />Used today by Service Bus and “Dallas”<br />Security<br />Access Control<br />
  32. 32. “Geneva”<br />Next generation identity and access management platform<br />Claims-based access and single sign-on for on-premise and cloud-based applications in the enterprise, across organizations, and on the Web<br />“Geneva Framework“ (Windows Identity Foundation)<br />Provides .NET development tools, which includes pre-built, user-access logic that externalizes authentication from applications. It helps developers build claims-aware .NET applications, plus build custom security token services (STS)<br />“Geneva Server“<br />An STS for IT that issues and transforms claims and other tokens, manages user access and enables federation and access management for simplified single sign-on<br />“Geneva”<br />“CardSpace Geneva”<br />For helping users navigate between multiple logons for simplified single sign-on while providing complete user control and transparency for how personal information is shared<br />
  33. 33. “Velocity”<br />Distributed in-memory cache platform for developing scalable, available, and highly-performance applications<br />Caches any serializable CLR object and provides access through simple cache APIs<br />Supports enterprise scale: tens to hundreds of computers<br />Configurable to run as a service accessed over the network<br />“Velocity”<br />Supports dynamic scaling and automatic load balancing<br />Supports continuous availability of cached data by storing copies on separate cache hosts<br />Integration with administration and monitoring tools such as Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) and System Center.<br />
  34. 34. “Dublin”<br />Evolution of WAS/IIS and Windows App Server role to run and manage WF and WCF services<br />Enhances the hosting of Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) and Windows Workflow (WF) in the Windows Process Activation Service (WAS)<br />Simplified deployment and management of WCF and WF services hosted in WAS<br />Configuration of persistence for durable workflows<br />Customizable tracking profiles with dedicated, queryable storage for tracked data<br />Customizable monitoring of hosted services<br />“Dublin”<br />
  35. 35. “Dallas”<br />Information-as-a-service<br />Discover, acquire, and consume structured, blob, and real-time data to power any application – on any platform and any screen size<br />Brokerage Business – partner driven ecosystem and global reach to deliver data and functionality to developers and information workers<br />Analytics and Reporting – single click analysis to augment private data with public data<br />Built on Windows Azure and SQL Azure<br />
  36. 36. Application Services<br />“Dublin”<br />“Velocity”<br />Frameworks<br />“Geneva”<br />Security<br />Access Control<br />Project “Sydney”<br />Connectivity<br />Service Bus<br />SQL Azure Data Sync<br />Data<br />Compute<br />Windows Azure Platform<br />Table Storage<br />Blob Storage<br />Queue<br />Drive<br />Content Delivery Network<br />Storage<br />
  37. 37. Platform of Choice<br />
  38. 38. 3 Key Takeaways<br />Platform-as-a-service fabric cloud<br />Hybridon-premisesoftware and cloudservices platform<br />Consistentprogramming modeland tools<br />
  39. 39. Sign up at the Windows Azure Platform developers’ portal<br />Windows Azure access<br />Developer tools <br />White papers<br />Sample applications<br />Plan pilot applications, proofs of concept, and architectural design sessions with Windows Azure partners<br /><br />
  40. 40. Thank you<br /><br /><br />© 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.<br />The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.<br />
  41. 41. Purchasing Models<br />Subscription<br />Additional Licensing<br />Consumption<br />“Pay as you go and grow” <br />“Value for a commitment“<br />“Coordinated purchasing” <br />Planned for post PDC<br />Select offers available Jan 2010<br />Available Jan 2010 <br />Discounts for commitment<br />Plans for paymentpredictability <br />Low barrier to entry & flexibility<br />Optimized for cloud elasticity <br />Centralized purchasing experience<br />Introduction to volume discounts <br />Promotional <br />Offers <br />Partner Discount<br />Development Pricing<br />Integration withPrograms<br />
  42. 42. Pay as you go and grow for only what you use when you use it <br />Elastic, scalable, secure, & highly available automated service platform<br />Highly available, scalable, and self managed distributed database service<br />Business Edition <br />Storage <br />Compute<br />Web Edition<br />$99.99/month(up to 10 GB DB/month)<br />$9.99/month(up to 1 GB DB/month) <br />Per service hour<br />Per database/month <br />Per GB stored & transactions<br />Per database/month <br />$0.12/hour<br />+ Variable Instance Sizes <br />$0.15 GB/month<br />$0.01/10K transactions <br />Scalable, automated, highly available services for secure connectivity<br />Access Control<br />Service Bus<br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />$0.015/10k Message Operations<br />Per Message Operation<br />Per Message Operation<br />Prices shown in USD only<br />Consumption Pricing<br />
  43. 43. Introductory Special <br />MSDN <br />Premium <br />Biz Spark<br />One<br />Anyone can try the platform at no charge (monthly service allocations) <br />Investing in high potential start-ups; receive full platform services at no charge <br />Subscribers receive monthly allocation of platform services at no additional charge <br />Development Accelerator <br />Core<br />Extended<br />1. Accelerate cloud development projects<br />2. Flexible consumption (flex # of instances) <br />3. Predictable payments (6 mo subscription)<br />4. Exceptional value (discounted price) <br />Includes Core plus SQL Azure Business Edition <br />Includes Windows Azure compute, storage, storage transactions, data transfer, & message operations <br />Promotional Offers & Programs<br />
  44. 44. Introductory <br />Special <br />MSDN<br />Premium <br />Biz Spark One<br />Offer <br />MSDN Premium subscribers<br />Limit of one per MSDN subscription <br />8 month term <br />Limited time offer thru 7/31/10 <br />Overage at partner Consumption rates<br />Available to all partners & customers<br />Limit of one per customer <br />Promotion ends 6/30/10<br />Overage charged at Consumption rates<br />Available for selected startups <br />Program participation is by invitation only <br />Program available in 10 countries<br />Amount of Windows Azure platform services included per month at no charge <br />Windows Azure<br />Compute 25 Hrs<br />Storage 0.5 GB<br />Storage X-actions 10K <br />SQL Azure<br />1 Web Edition DB <br />(1GB DB for 90 day trial) <br />Message Operations <br />Messages 100K <br />Data transfer<br />0.5 GB In & 0.5GB Out <br />Amount of Windows Azure Platform services will vary by customer <br />Windows Azure<br />Compute 750 hrs<br />Storage 10 GB<br />Storage X-actions 1M <br />SQL Azure <br />3 Web Edition DB <br />(1 GB) <br />Message Operations <br /> Messages 1 Million<br />Data transfer <br /> 7GB In & 14GB Out N.A/EU<br />2.5GB In / 5GB Out Asia Pacific <br />Additional 5% off for partners<br />(except storage & data transfers)<br />Promotional Offers & Programs<br />
  45. 45. 6 month subscription offered at 42%-46% off consumption prices <br />Offered as a monthly “unit” (you can order multiple “units”)<br />Overage charged at Consumption rates<br />Promotional offer, expires 6/30/2010 for new subscriptions <br />EXTENDED<br />CORE <br />Windows Azure<br />Compute 750 hrs <br />Storage 10 GB <br />Storage X-actions 1M <br />Includes CORE plus <br />SQL Azure <br />Business Edition (10 GB) <br />Message Operations <br /> Messages 1 M <br />Data transfer <br /> 7GB In/14GB Out N.A & EU<br />2.5GB In/5GB Out Asia Pacific<br />Monthly price<br />Monthly price <br />$109.95 <br />(46% off consumption prices)<br />$59.95 <br />(42% off consumption prices)<br />Additional 5% off for partners<br />(except storage & data transfers)<br />Development Accelerator Offer<br />
  46. 46. Windows Azure Platform<br />
  47. 47. AppFabric Service Bus<br />
  48. 48. AppFabric Access Control<br />
  49. 49. SQL Azure<br />Applications use standard SQL client libraries: ODBC, ADO.Net, PHP, …<br />Application<br />Internet<br />Azure Cloud<br />TDS (tcp)<br />Security Boundary<br />Load balancer forwards ‘sticky’ sessions to TDS protocol tier<br />LB<br />TDS (tcp)<br />Gateway<br />Gateway<br />Gateway<br />Gateway<br />Gateway<br />Gateway<br />Gateway: TDS protocol gateway, enforces AUTHN/AUTHZ policy; proxy to backend SQL<br />TDS (tcp)<br />SQL<br />SQL<br />SQL<br />SQL<br />SQL<br />SQL<br />Scalability and Availability: Fabric, Failover, Replication, and Load balancing<br />
  50. 50. Table Storage Concepts<br />Entities<br />Tables<br />Accounts<br />Email =…<br />Name = …<br />Users<br />Email =…<br />Name = …<br />moviesonline<br />Genre =…<br />Title = …<br />Movies<br />Genre =…<br />Title = …<br />
  51. 51. Queue Storage Concepts<br />Messages<br />Queues<br />Accounts<br />128 x 128 http://...<br />thumbnailjobs<br />256 x 256 http://...<br />sally<br />http://...<br />traverselinks<br />http://...<br />
  52. 52. Blob Storage Concepts<br />Blob<br />Container<br />Account<br />PIC01.JPG<br />images<br />MOV1.AVI<br />PIC02.JPG<br />sally<br />movies<br />
  53. 53. Blob Storage ConceptsAdding Blocks and Pages<br />Blocks or Pages<br />Blob<br />Container<br />Account<br />PIC01.JPG<br />images<br />PIC02.JPG<br />sally<br />Block or Page 1<br />movies<br />MOV1.AVI<br />Block or Page 2<br />Block or Page 3<br />