The Keyboard The sounds on the keyboard go from low to high as the keys are played from left to right. Low HighThe first seven A B C D E F G A B C D E F G The first seven letters of the alphabet are used to name the white keys: A B C D E F G
The Staff Music is written by placing notes on a staff. The music staff consists of five lines and four spaces.The first seven5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 Notes are placed on the staff according to their pitch. The higher the note is on the staff, the higher the sound.
ClefsClefs placed at the beginning of the staff tell us the pitchof one of the staff lines.The most commonly used clefs are the treble and bassclefs. TREBLE CLEF BASS CLEF
The treble clef is sometimes called the G Clef because it curlsaround the G line to show the position of G.Using this marker we can name other treble staff notes. G A B C D E F G A B C D E F
The bass clef is sometimes called the F Clef because its twodots are placed on either side of the F line to show theposition of F.Using this marker we can name other bass staff notes. G A B C D E F G A B C D E F
The staff can be extended by adding small lines calledledger lines above and below it. G A B C D D C B A G B C D E F F E D C B
The treble staff and the bass staff combine to form theGrand Staff. Middle C G A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C D E FMiddle C is the midpoint between the two staves.
Memorizing guide notes is a helpful tool for learning the notes of the staff.Low Bass Bass Middle Treble High High F C F C G C G F G A B C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C D E F G
Also, these memory aids can help with learning thenames of the staff lines and spaces.TREBLE LINES: Every Good Boy Deserves FunTREBLE SPACES: They spell a word! F A C E
BASS LINES: Good Boys Deserve Fun AlwaysBASS SPACES: All Cows Eat GrassYou can make up your own phrases to remember staffnote names. The sillier they are, the more likely you areto remember them!