Modern Latin America


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Modern Latin America

  1. 1. Hist 141 Assignment 9 Summer 2011 By: Le Thi My Ho
  2. 2. Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century <ul><li>The causes for wars in Latin America during the 19th century are numerous and create a vivid, plaid tapestry that influenced the region </li></ul><ul><li>10 Causes for War in Latin America-Race War : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>race war , the ideology of independence, the controversy of separation versus union , boundary disputes, territorial conquests , caudilloism, resource wars , intraclass struggles, interventions caused by capitalism , and religious wars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 did outline a policy for intervention in Latin America in order to prevent a monarchic counterrevolution against republican governments and to deter the expansion of European colonies in the New World </li></ul>
  3. 3. Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century <ul><li>The Haitian War for Independence (1791-1803) began as a struggle between the privileged white planters and the less privileged affranchis (those of mixed blood) and rapidly became an all-out race war when the third and largest racial element, the pure blacks, ultimately dominated </li></ul><ul><li>Latin American wars for independence were an outgrowth of deep-seated political, economic, and social frustrations </li></ul>
  4. 4. Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century <ul><li>Within colonial Latin America a class system existed which exalted the Europeans, gave lesser privileges to the American-born , pure-blooded whites , and repressed all others </li></ul><ul><li>The overwhelming majority of political, military, economic, and ecclesiastical appointments went to peninsulares (persons born in Spain, also called godos in Buenos Aires and the Caribbean and gachupines in Mexico) </li></ul><ul><li>Further down the class ladder were the mestizos, Indians, and blacks , and each was treated progressively worse </li></ul>
  5. 5. Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century <ul><li>A factor that caused regions within a viceregal colony to seek independence from the colonial seat of power was economic competition within that colony </li></ul><ul><li>During the colonial era, many administrative entities within the Spanish colonial empire had been held together primarily through their loyalty to the King </li></ul><ul><li>Formidable geographical barriers of mountains, jungles, deserts, rivers, and vast distances created isolated pockets of population </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Second World Mexico <ul><li>January 1, 1994 – The North American Free Tade Agreement went into effect and the Zapatista National Liberation Army started a renewed insurgency </li></ul><ul><li>2000-2005 Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador was mayor of Mexico City who created social and food support programs for the elderly </li></ul><ul><li>Half the population of the country is living in poverty with ever increasing numbers of illegal immigrants into America </li></ul><ul><li>While drugs are not primarily produced in Mexico,, other countries use Mexico to smuggle drugs into the United States </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Second World Columbia <ul><li>The only south American country with both Pacific and Caribbean Coasts </li></ul><ul><li>Split by 3 Andean Mountain ranges that create distinct cultures on each side </li></ul><ul><li>The leading source of almost all the cocaine and half the heroine sold in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Home to the Revolutionaly Armed Forces of colombia ( FARC ), a terrorist guerilla organization </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Second World Brazil <ul><li>The largest country in South America </li></ul><ul><li>It is the world's fifth largest country , both by geographical area and by population </li></ul><ul><li>The Brazilian fastest growing economy is the world's seventh largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth largest by purchasing power parity; political and economic leader in Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half of Brazil’s exports go to developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>The largest producer and exporter of clean-burning ethanol in the world </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Second World Venezuela <ul><li>Since 1999 - Hugo Chavez is the current 56 th President of Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Follows his own political ideology of Bolivarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Disagrees with U.S. foreign policy and allies himself strongly with the governments of Cuba, Argentina, Jamaica, Bolivia, Ecuador, and China </li></ul><ul><li>Oil is Venezuela’s main economic staple </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ricardo Lagos <ul><li>Latin American Political Leader and Economist </li></ul><ul><li>A serious economist and human rights advocate who refuses to be confined into one discipline or role </li></ul><ul><li>Earned a law degree from the University of Chile and a doctorate in economics from Duke University </li></ul><ul><li>Former Chilean president (2000-2006) whose administration achieved strong economic growth while adopting democratic and social reforms </li></ul><ul><li>  In 2007 he was appointed to his current position as the United Nations Special Envoy on Climate Change </li></ul>
  11. 11. Shawn Hernandez <ul><li>Born on February 11, 1973 ; Houston, TX </li></ul><ul><li>An American Professional Wrestler of Mexican and Puerto Rican descent </li></ul><ul><li>Ring Names : Hotstuff Hernandez; Hernandez; Double Iron Sheik #2; Mr. Texas; The Masked Super Tex </li></ul><ul><li>Trained by : Tugboat Taylor; Texas Wrestling Academy; Rudy Boy Gonzalez </li></ul><ul><li>Debut : November 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Hernandez is currently under contract with  Total Nonstop Action Wrestling , where he is currently a member of the Mexican America stable with Rosita Sarita and Anarquia, with whom he currently holds the TNA World Tag Team Championship </li></ul>