•covers three quarters(3/4) of the earth’s
•it is important and practically all-
pervasive element in man’s habitat.
EARTH’S BODIES OF WATER
Oceans Lakes Rivers
•Largest bodies of water on earth.
•There are five interconnected oceans
which cover 70.8 percent of the water on
the earth’s surface, namely Pacific,
Atlantic, Indian, Antarctic, and Arctic.
•The largest ocean in the world
which stretches over almost
one-third of the earth’s
•One-half the size of the Pacific.
•Most of the world’s goods are
shipped across the Atlantic waters.
•Touches Africa on the west.
•Asia on the north.
•Australia and Indonesia on the
•Stretches over the top of the
•Surrounds the ice cap of
Antarctica on the South Pole.
•A large body of water
surrounded by land.
•One of the most important seas
which lies between Africa and
•It is one of the chief waterways of
GULF AND BAYS
•A bay is a part of a lake or an ocean
which creates a semi-circular
indentation along the shore.
•Its water is quiet and free from strong
currents and makes a natural harbor.
•A gulf is a large bay.
•Completely encircled by land.
•It coast is called shores.
•Most lakes have fresh water, but a few lakes
•Some lakes are very small but others are so
large that they are like inland seas.
•The Caspian sea is an example of a lake
with salty water.
•Formed by rainfall and melting snow.
•They begin as small streams, or water running
downhill, which join forces with other streams
to become a river.
•A river is always flows from higher to lower
•There are types of rivers, the source, mouth,
current and tributaries.
STRAIT AND CANAL
•The narrow body of water that
connects two large bodies of
water is called strait.
•A man-made strait is called a
STRAIT OF GIBRALTAR
•Connects the Atlantic Ocean
to the Mediterranean Sea
•Connects the Mediterranean and
the Red sea.
•Connects the Atlantic and Pacific
Ocean through the narrow country of
•Found in Western Europe,
•Used to ship farm and factory
goods to nearby town or sea ports.
WORLD’S LONGEST RIVER
• Nile, Africa
• Amazon, S. America
• Yangze, Asia
• Mississippi-Missouri, N. America
• Ob-Irtysh, Asia
• Huang-Ho, Asia(yellow river)
• Zaire, Africa
• Parana, S. America
• Amur, Asia
• Lena, Asia