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Citing sources

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  1. 1. Using and Citing Multimedia Lynee Richel, Learning Resource Center [email_address]
  2. 2. What this presentation will cover <ul><li>Fair Use for educational multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite online multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>How to seek permissions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fair Use Guidelines <ul><li>American Distance Education Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Fair Use Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>1. Time </li></ul><ul><li>2. Portion </li></ul><ul><li>3. Copying </li></ul><ul><li>4. Distribution </li></ul>
  4. 4. Limitations <ul><li>Motion Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% or 3 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% or 1000 words </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Music, Lyrics, Music Video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10% or 30 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Photos and Illustrations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 images? Questionable </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Other requirements <ul><li>Copying and distribution limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution and acknowledgement </li></ul><ul><li>Notice of use restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Future uses </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fair Use Guidelines <ul><li>American Distance Education Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.adec.edu/admin/papers/fair10-17.html </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to cite multimedia <ul><li>Guidelines from the Library of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Language Association Format </li></ul><ul><li>The following format examples are taken from The Library of Congress’ Learning Page. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Learning Page – Getting Started: Cite Sources .” Library of Congress. 8 August 2006. U.S. Govt. 21 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/learn/start/cite/index.html> </li></ul>
  8. 8. Citing an entire website
  9. 9. MLA format for a website <ul><li>Site’s title in italics. </li></ul><ul><li>Editor’s firstname, MI, last name. </li></ul><ul><li>Publication information if available. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Date of access and URL </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress. U.S. Govt. 20 February 2007 <http://www.loc.gov> </li></ul>
  10. 10. Citing cartoons and illustrations
  11. 11. MLA format for illustrations <ul><li>1. Artist’s lastname, first and middle initial </li></ul><ul><li>2. Title of work in quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>3. Format (cartoon or illustration) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Title in italics </li></ul><ul><li>5. Publishing information (book, magazine, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Title of online collection in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Editor of collection if available </li></ul><ul><li>Date of posting if available </li></ul><ul><li>Name of project in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring organization </li></ul><ul><li>Date of access and URL </li></ul>
  12. 12. MLA example for an illustration <ul><li>Franklin, Benjamin. “Join or Die.” Illustration. The Pennsylvania Gazette 9 May 1754 . Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. 2 Dec. 2005. American Memory. Library of Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>20 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html> </li></ul>
  13. 13. Citing film <ul><li>To view the short film, “Krazy Kat, bugologist”, click on the URL below. </li></ul><ul><li>http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/animatTitles01.html </li></ul><ul><li>Then click on the link to “Krazy Kat, bugologist.” </li></ul><ul><li>Options to view in RealMedia, MPEG and Quicktime </li></ul>
  14. 14. MLA format for film <ul><li>Film title in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Directors first name, middle initial and last name. </li></ul><ul><li>Names of writers, performers, producers. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of distributor. </li></ul><ul><li>Year of release </li></ul><ul><li>Title of online collection in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Date of collection’s posting or recent update </li></ul><ul><li>Name of project in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring institution </li></ul><ul><li>Date of access and URL </li></ul>
  15. 15. MLA example for a film <ul><li>Krazy Kat, bugologist. Writer George Herriman. Animator Leon Searl. Piano composer and performer Philip Carli. International Film Service 1916. Origins of American Animation, 1900-1921. 31 March 1999. American Memory . Library of Congress. 20 February 2007. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/oahome.html> </li></ul>
  16. 16. Citing Photographs
  17. 17. MLA format for photographs <ul><li>1. Photographer’s lastname, firstname, MI </li></ul><ul><li>Title of photograph in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Original date </li></ul><ul><li>Title of collection </li></ul><ul><li>Date of posting for collection </li></ul><ul><li>Current location of original print </li></ul><ul><li>Name of project in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsoring organization </li></ul><ul><li>Date of access and URL </li></ul>
  18. 18. MLA example for a photograph <ul><li>O’Sullivan, Timothy H. Incidents of the War. A Harvest of Death. C1865. Selected Civil War Photographs from the Library of Congress, 1861-1865. 15 Jan. 2000. American Memory. Library of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cwcam2c.html> </li></ul>
  19. 19. Citing Sound Recordings <ul><li>To listen to an audio recording of the song, </li></ul><ul><li>“Coming Round the Mountain”, click on the link: </li></ul><ul><li>http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html </li></ul><ul><li>Next, enter a Keyword Search for “coming round the mountain” </li></ul><ul><li>Click on the first hit, the title “Coming Round the Mountain” </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to the recording in MP3, Real Audio or wav format </li></ul>
  20. 20. MLA format for audio & music <ul><li>Composer, conductor or performer last name, first name, MI. (Depends on emphasis). If given, second performer is listed by firstname, MI, lastname. </li></ul><ul><li>Title of recording in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Title of performer if not stated in #1 above </li></ul><ul><li>Date of performance </li></ul><ul><li>Name of medium (LP, CD, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Title of recording company and year of issue </li></ul><ul><li>Title of online collection in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Editor or compiler of collection </li></ul><ul><li>Date of posting of collection </li></ul><ul><li>Name of project in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring organization </li></ul><ul><li>Date of access and URL </li></ul>
  21. 21. MLA example for a recording <ul><li>Scott, Mrs. Ben and Myrtle B. Wilkinson. Coming Round the Mountain. 31 Oct. 1939. 78 rpm. Sydney Robertson Cowell, n.d. California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties. 19 Oct. 1998. American Memory. Lib. of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html> </li></ul>
  22. 22. MLA Adapted Style- Radio & TV <ul><li>The following example of citations for radio and television styles is an adapted format from the libraries of the University of California at Berkeley. </li></ul><ul><li>See the URL at: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/mla.html </li></ul>
  23. 23. MLA format for Television and Radio Programs <ul><li>Title of Program in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Series in parentheses and in italics </li></ul><ul><li>Writer, producer, director or performer first name, MI, last name. (The list’s order depends on emphasis) </li></ul><ul><li>Network. </li></ul><ul><li>Local affiliate and city. </li></ul><ul><li>Date of broadcast. </li></ul><ul><li>Name of sponsoring organization. </li></ul><ul><li>URL and date of access. </li></ul>
  24. 24. MLA Example for a TV/Radio show <ul><li>The Art of Hip-Hop (Soundcheck). John Schaefer (Host) and Jeff Chang (Interview). NPR. WNYC, New York City, 12 Feb. 2007. http://www.wnyc.org/shows/soundcheck/episodes/2007/02/12 . 20 Feb. 2007. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Seeking Permissions <ul><li>Always a good idea! </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs and images are particularly important. </li></ul><ul><li>Template letter at </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.landmark-project.com/permission_student.php </li></ul>