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What We’re Learning
About Learning
Laurie Burruss | 03/02/2017
Education Innovation Advisor

Lynda.com, a LinkedIn Company

lburruss@linkedin.com
Laurie Burruss
Today’s 

agenda
• About Laurie

• Learning, Neuroscience & Cognitive Science
• Nine Learning Strategies

1. Learning by P...
Learning, Neuroscience &
Cognitive Science
Advances in neuroscience and cognitive sciences
now offer new clues as well as ...
To make learning meaningful,
understandable, and motivating
requires continued exploration in
learning principles.
The 3 Perspectives
Concept Data Application
01: Learning by Practice
7
not cramming
https://c3.staticflickr.com/4/3226/2703981626_a43de710bb_b.jpg
spaced repetition
information retrieval
focused
https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/originals/95/30/f4/9530f48c50f4905dd2b2c7a6b8632cfb.jpg
{A Mind for Numbers},...
http://www.payscale.com/data-packages/job-skillsscottdmiller.com/wp-content/uploads/2008 Anders from filter shoot.JPG http:...
www.freeimages.com/photo/spotty-dotty-2-1170276http://www.freeimages.com/photo/marathon-rotterdam-2-1553221
Deliberate Pra...
design 2 approach
In-class activities
Instructor poses question
Answer alone
Discuss in team
Answer again
Work on workshee...
design 2 approach
In-class activities
Instructor poses question
Answer alone
Discuss in team
Answer again
Work on workshee...
20 MINUTES 40 MINUTES 60 MINUTES 90 MINUTES 120 MINUTES 2 WEEKS
Brainstorm
big ideas
Determine
app content
Rough
wireframe...
02: Learning in Chunks
15
scary, difficult, unprepared

I’m outta here!
Base
Camp
A
Base
Camp
B
Base
Camp
C
SUMMIT
With practice, with knowledge,
with experience . . .

In baby steps, I can do t...
art198_wk_01
long
less hours
The Long Playlist
100+ hrs
THE REFERENCE BOOKSHELF

To support & supplement deep learning &
r...
short
more hours
The Short Playlist
PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

To solve problems

To learn by making

To blur boundaries 

To...
short
more hours
The Short Playlist
PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

To solve problems

To learn by making

To blur boundaries 

To...
short
more hours
The Short Playlist
PROJECT-BASED LEARNING

To solve problems

To learn by making

To blur boundaries 

To...
INFOGRAPHICS =
data +
visualization +
intelligent design
art 154 Interaction Design Fundamentals
Student: Chris, Ishoo, Al...
Individual Course Length (decimal hours)
0
5
10
15
20
Region 1 Untitled 16 Untitled 33 Untitled 50 Untitled 67 Untitled 84...
https://cdtmicrographics.com/det-hela-festklanningar/
ungrouped randomly grouped rationally grouped
Bread

Parsley

Milk

...
03: Cross-train as you learn
22
Editing Playlists: http://www.lynda.com/MyPlaylist/Edit/3477861
Complex Problem Solving
Pivot Table: How to Playbook
Learn...
Editing Playlists: http://www.lynda.com/MyPlaylist/Edit/3477861 Pivot Table: How-to-Playlist: http://www.lynda.com/SharedP...
http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/resize/styles/content_area_full_width/public/periodicals/
fall2013_dunlosky_figure1-7...
Even after [the students] took the test and
could have realized from their own
performance that interleaving was the
bette...
Even after [the students] took the test and
could have realized from their own
performance that interleaving was the
bette...
Project-based Learning
Cross-disciplinary
• Primary data
• Evidence supported
research
• Data visualization
• Design think...
01_Infographic
lynda.com!Online!Training!Library!
—Infographics:!Planning!&!Wireframing(EX3Files3on3server)3
!!!!http://ww...
Project-based Learning
Cross-disciplinary
• Primary data
• Evidence supported
research
• Data visualization
• Design think...
https://www.flickr.com/photos/x-ray_delta_one/5859223274
Word Wheel Template: Variety & Diversity CROSS-TRAIN
https://www.flickr.com/photos/x-ray_delta_one/5859223274
Word Wheel Template: Variety & Diversity CROSS-TRAIN
DESIGN BUSINESS
DEVELOPMENT NEW TOOLS
DesignThinking
Protoyping
jQuery
Bootstrap MSSway
DataViz
PivotTables
ProjMgmt
SPIN
...
04: Learning Frameworks
overwhelm
overwhelmorganize
my playlist

the big bucket
Frameworks
Add a framework
Random learning is inefficient
A Bookshelf is a Framework
associative
Frameworks
Self-curated playlists
Curated playlists
Assigned playlists
Learning Guides
New Learning Paths - a
...
Self-curated Learning
Playlists
learn your way 2 career
Lynda.com 

Learning Paths
Data-driven skill sets defined
Matched to library content
Taught by exp...
https://www.linkedin.com/groups/7022790
learn your way 2 career
Lynda.com 

Learning Paths
Data-driven skill sets defined
...
WordPress ePortfolio Flowchart
BRAINSTORM SESSION
from
concept
WordPress ePortfolio Flowchart
BRAINSTORM SESSION
art198_lb...
art198_lburrussfall_11
HOME (index.html)
- Title
- Byline
- Everpresent Navigation
-Visual Element(s)
- Sidebar
PORTFOLIO
...
Rubric
Framework
Assessment
Iterative process
Art 64: Interaction Design Fundamentals
05: Learning takes Effort
Too Little
Just Right!
Too Much
Effort

Goldilocks tasks
Not too easy . . .
Not too hard . . .
http://wistia.com/blog/does-length-matter-it-does-for-video-2k12-edition/
http://mindsetonline.com/
Test Your Mindset:http://mindsetonline.com/testyourmindset/step1.php
FIXED GROWTH
http://files.p...
Test Your MindsetFixed Mindset Growth Mindset Group Mindset
Fixed traits, focus on success.
Your basic qualities are thing...
–Johnny Appleseed
“Type a quote here.”
Baby Steps: Incremental Learninghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IcA0Z6XPAmc
Growth ...
Effort

Challenges
A one-sentence problem
One online movie
Many possible solutions
21-day Drawing Challenge with Von Glits...
4 Continuous Line Drawings
Man’s Face
Hand holding bottle
Man on unicycle
Dog
Effort

Challenges
A one-sentence problem
On...
art 31a: The Human Color Wheel Collaborative Team BuildingThe Human Color Wheel
THE “FOUND” ALPHABET, COOKIE COLOR WHEEL, EMOJI SELF-PORTRAIT, DAILY TEAMS . . .
06: Learning that Sticks
make it stick
to learn something new
The Science of Successful Learning
http://makeitstick.net/ Peter C. Brown, Henry L. R...
for 45 - 50 min
+ =
3X per week to make it stick
University Statistics:1 Quarter/1 Division
for 45 - 50 min
20%
80%
+ =
3X per week to make it stick
University Statistics:1 Quarter/1 Division
for 45 - 50 min
20%
80%
+ =
3X per week to make it stick
interval 

spaced 

practice
for new
learning
University Statisti...
http://www.edpsoftware.com/images//2013/12/pomodoro1.jpg http://pomodorotechnique.com/
25
min
Sticky

Not Stuck
PROCRASTIN...
context
http://www.edpsoftware.com/images//2013/12/pomodoro1.jpg
top down
bottom up
• THE BIG IDEA - get the “gist” of bas...
07: Learning Motivates
http://samara.gup.ru/pic/glavnaya/dod.jpg
1 2 3
Practice
Retrieval Extrinsic Intrinsic
Just-in-Time

On task problem solvi...
Viewing Sessions per Course
0
4.5
9
13.5
18
Region 1 Untitled 18 Untitled 36 Untitled 54 Untitled 72 Untitled 90 Untitled ...
On-your-own F2F Specialized
Training
24/7/365 Scheduled
workshops
Need/problem
driven
1 32
Strategic Planning
& Budget
Motivation & Learning
Intrinsic motivation - Informal learning
Extrinsic motivation - Formal learning
Recognition for achi...
08: Learning Engages
11courses
in which one learner watched longer
than length of course
Acqua = University Migration to Office 365
University St...
PCC students watch
a project-based course
an average of 3X
1. To get the big idea
2. To follow the discreet steps
3. To wo...
http://www.freeimages.com/photo/spirals-1-1192883
Iterative Engagement

The Spiral Effect
ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE

Connec...
✓ Understand the text

✓ Work with others (before or
after class)

✓ Outline - create your own
framework

✓ Actively parti...
09: Learning from Peers
Peer Learning
Birds of a Feather
Follow your tribe
Learn from others
Old Welsh Proverb
"people having similar
characters, ...
What are the TOP 20
lynda.com courses
@MyUniversity?
http://www.freeimages.com/photo/mellon-institute-1229549
1 Drupal 7 Essential Training
2 Dreamweaver CC Essential Training
3 Project Management Fundamentals
4 PremierePro CC Essen...
1 Drupal 7 Essential Training
2 Dreamweaver CC Essential Training
3 Project Management Fundamentals
4 PremierePro CC Essen...
1 Drupal 7 Essential Training
2 Dreamweaver CC Essential Training
3 Project Management Fundamentals
4 PremierePro CC Essen...
10COURSESwatched by 3 or more
LOOKING FOR TRIBES

2 or more watching same
course

3 average - teams of 3?

sharing learnin...
syllabus:
first day of class with instructor & students
art198: web design & development
Digital Tool Survey
Our “digital” smartboard - a whiteboard + cellphone photo capture COST = $0
Peer2Peer Learning
Input f...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_picture_is_worth_a_thousand_words
If a picture is worth a 1,000 words,
a GOOD Learning Sto...
Spider Graph Template: Recognizing your strengths & weaknesses
Use of data from my course
history. Plotting number of
cour...
Laurie Burruss: Hours/Content Area
0
25
50
75
100
Web Biz Design Dev Ed Video Photo 3D IT Audio Mktg CAD
173h 29m of conte...
Laurie Burruss: Courses & Hours/Content Areas
0
40
80
120
160
Web Biz Design Dev Ed Video Photo 3D IT Audio Mktg CAD
Cours...
Laurie’s Engagement
All courses
11%
89%
Web
18%
82%
Web Laurie
Developer
12%
88%
Design
11%
89%
Education
17%
83%
Wow, Lau...
Start with a story
Empathy

Visualization

Metaphor & analogy

Expression

Make it social. . .
Design Thinking 

Workshop
Empathy

Visualization

Metaphor & analogy

Expression

Make it social. . .
Gift giving 

@Hous...
Learning Challenges
79
Learner’s
Obstacles
TOP 5

1. Not enough time
2. Not enough guidance or direction
3. Not enough recognition or reward
4. N...
Illusions of
Competence
ANECDOTES

• recall - mental retrieval

• testing/quizzing - mini-testing, self-test, compare

• c...
Each student filled out the rubric and then
had 3 other people fill out the rubric.
Complex Problem-Solving
Interdisciplin...
Each student filled out the rubric and then
had 3 other people fill out the rubric.
Complex Problem-Solving
Interdisciplin...
Skill 1 2 3 4 5 Evidence
1.1Ability1to1work1in1a1team1
structure
2.1Ability1to1make1decisions1
and1solve1problems1(?e)
3.1...
Final Project: Interactive PDF
Final Project: Interactive PDF
Final Project: Interactive PDF
Final Project: Interactive PDF
The Top 10 Skills Employers
Want in 2015 Grads
http://www.lynda.com/SharedPlaylist/8ffa48c8c39e49e7b049b6ec07377569
Survey ...
The Top 10 Skills Employers
Want in 2015 Grads
http://www.lynda.com/SharedPlaylist/8ffa48c8c39e49e7b049b6ec07377569
Survey ...
Future Trends in Learning
85
PRINCIPLE 1
SIMPLE
PRINCIPLE 2
UNEXPECTED
PRINCIPLE 3
CONCRETE
PRINCIPLE 4
CREDIBLE
PRINCIPLE 5
EMOTIONAL
PRINCIPLE 6
STOR...
• Give feedback that promotes
learning and future success.

• Identify managers/deans/
instructors as resources for
learni...
http://cdn.theatlantic.com/static/front/docs/sponsored/phoenix/future_work_skills_2020.pdf
To be successful in the next de...
Questions & Answers
Laurie Burruss
Education Innovation Advisor 
lburruss@linkedin.com
Research & Resources
• How We Learn, Benedict Carey, 2015, Random House
• A (Mind) for Numbers, Barbara Oakley, PhD., 2014, Penguin Group.
• Pe...
09: Learning from Peers
09: Learning from Peers
09: Learning from Peers
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