Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. Business, IT and Engineering Division Learning to Learn Assignments 1
  2. 2. Contents PageWhy assignment work is important 3Knowing what is expected 3Command words and their meanings 4Getting started 6Writing your assignment and expressing your ideas 6Acknowledging or referencing sources 6Before handing in your assignment 6Using feedback 6 2
  3. 3. Writing Assignments: Essay StyleWhy is assignment writing important? Because it:  Illustrates to you and your tutor how well you have understood a given topic  Helps you calrify your ideas  Develops critical thinking  Is one fo the key skills in your education (written communication) develops employability skills (time management, information gatherings, logical thinking and planning)  Provides the opportunity for feedback on your progress  Will count towards your qualification gradeKnowing what is expected 1. Understand the task: be clear about what you have to do before you begin, regarding the length, the content and the format of the assigment. Check with your tutor if you are unsure 2. Understand the question: it is essential that you spend some time looking carefully at the question in order to understand what you have to do. This process should help you decide what is relevant – otherwise you waste your time. You could adopt the TFI principle:  Topic: what the question is generally about  Focus: what specific aspect you have to concentrate on  Instruction: what you are required to doHere are some examples:Question Topic Focus InstructionExplain different Different types of Sources and Explaintypes of business business purposescommunications, communicationstheir sources andpurposesEvaluate the Appropriatness of Strategic decisions Evaluateappropriateness of business informationbusiness informationused to makestrategic decisionsAnalyse the legal, Legal, ethical and The use of business Analyseethical and operational issues informationoperational issues inrelation to the use ofbusiness information 3
  4. 4. 3. Understand the prepartion: notes in class and hand-outs are not usually enough. You need to show evidence of further research 4. Understand the instruction: it may seem obvious but ANSWER THE QUESTION. It is amazing how many students do not read the questions carefully and understand what is being asked of them Command words and meaningsTo obtain a pass gradeTo achieve a pass you must demonstrate the you understand the important facts relating toa topic and you can state these clearly and concisely Command Words for a Meaning passCreate Make, invent or construct an itemDescribe give a clear, straightforward description that includes all the main points and link these together logicallyDefine clearly explain what a particular term means and give an example, if appropriate, to show what you Set out in detail the meaning of something, with reasons. It is often helpful to give an example of what you mean. Start with a topic and then give the ‘how’ and ‘why’Identify Distinguish and state the main features or basic facts relating to a topicInterpret Define or explain the meaning of somethingIllustrate Give examples to show what you meanList Provide the information required in a list rather than in continuous writingOutline Write a clear description that includes all the main points but avoid going into too much detailPlan Work out and explain how you would carry out a task or activitySelect (and present) Identify relevant information to support an argument you areinformation making and communicate this in an appropriate wayState Write a clear and full accountUndertake Carry out a specific activity 4
  5. 5. To obtain a merit gradeTo obtain a merit you must prove that you can apply your knowledge in a specific way Command words for a merit MeaningAnalyse Indentify separate factors, say how they relate to each other and know how each one relates to the topicClassify Sort out your information into appropriate categories before presenting or explaining itCompare and contrast Identify the main factors that apply in two or more situations and explain the similarities and differences or advantages and disadvantagesDemonstrate Provide several relevant examples or appropriate evidence which support the arguments you are making.Discuss Provide a thoughtful and logical argument to support the case you are makingExplain (in detail) Provide details and give reasons and/or evidence to clearly support the argument you are makingImplement Put into practice or operation. You may also have to interpret or justify the effect or resultInterpret Understand and explain the effect or resultJustify Give appropriate reasons to support your opinion or views and show how you arrived at these conclusionsRelate/report Give a full account, with reasonsResearch Carry out a full investigationSpecify Provide full details and descriptions of selected items or activitiesTo obtain a distinction gradeTo obtain a distinction you must prove that you can make a reasoned judgement based onappropriate evidence Command Words for Meaning DistinctionAnalyse Identify the key factors, show how they are linked and explain the importance and relevance of eachAssess Give careful consideration to all the factors or events that apply and identify which are the most important and relevant, with reasonsEvaluate Review the information and then bring it together to form a conclusion. Give evidence to support each of your views or statementsSummarise Identify/review the main, relevant factors and/or arguments so 5
  6. 6. that these are explained in a clear and concise mannerGetting started 1. Make a plan: ask yourself:  What are the main ideas or issues to be covered?  How will I cover them?  What examples/references will be useful?  What conclusions will be reached 2. Make a list: by writing down ideas as they occur to you. This will help you decide what other research may be needed 3. Write a rough draft: then you can look for more ideas 4. Read first and then make a list or plan: it is easier to do this and then you will know what additional information you needWriting your assignment and expressing your ideas clearlyWriting is not easy but it is only by practising a skill that we become better at it. Motivation isthe key. If your preparation has been done properly, the writing is relatively easy providingyou have a good command of the English Language.In today’s word-processed worls, things can be changed, added, deleted etc very easlily butdo remember to save frequently and make a back up.Acknowledging or referencing the sourcesThis needs to be done carefully to avoid plagiarism. The general rule is that ALL quotationsmust be referenced with the page number of the works from which they are taken.Keep a careful note as you go along, including page numbersBefore handing in an assignment 1. Check for meaning:  Does it make sense?  How would another reader react ot it?  Is it for someone who has knowledge of the subject? 2. Check for spelling: a computer spell-check is a start but is not complete. You must check it for yourself since spell-checkers do not see everything. 3. Check the grammar:  incomplete sentences  sentences that are too long 4. Check the punctuation:  Are there full stops where there should be?  Question marks after questions?Using feedbackFeedback from tutors, written or oral, is valuable when considering your next piece of work.Always follow the advice you are given: 6
  7. 7.  Do I need to think about the style, punctuation, grammar, spleeing? Do I link the paragraphs and ideas well enough Was it all relevant? 7