How to teach reading by Ly Sam Ath, Adult Academic Officer, AIS
By Adult Academic Officer
1. Key Principles about Teaching Reading2. Pre-reading3. While-reading4. Post-reading5. Extra Techniques used in teaching reading6. Conclusion7. References
Prediction plays a vital role in teaching reading Effective teaching reading makes students thinks Always give reason for students to read Interesting topics motivate students Using texts which relate to students’ ownknowledge and experience speeds up learning
In pre-reading stage teachers should spend sometime introducing a topic, encouraging skimming,scanning, predicting and activating schemata(activating prior knowledge) so that students canbring the best of their knowledge and skills to atext when they have been given a chance to readthrough the passage.
1. Brainstorming the title of the text2. Class Discussion3. Pre-questions4. Pre-True or False Statements5. Visual Aids6. Vocabulary Preview7. Structure Organizers8. Using KWL
While-reading give students a sense of purposefor reading rather than just reading because youorder it. This stage, too, requires the teacher’s guidance toensure that students assume an active,questioning approach to the material. Suchguidance can be supplied by a number of while-reading tasks.
GRP Technique1. Read a text2. Put the text away3. Note down the important facts from the text as you canremember4. Go back into the text to look for things you missed5. Finally organize your informationAdvantages of GRP:1. Help students read more critically and show them the importance of lookingback in the text when they need additional information.2. Allow students to think more deeply about what they read by creating theirown categories or main ideas found in the text.3. It can be used in both while-reading and post-reading.4. It can also be adapted to include a summary piece after categorizing theinformation from the reading.
1. True or False Statements2. Comprehension Strategy (Q & A)3. GRP Technique4. Key Sentence5. Making in Text6. Expert Family Group Reading
The last stage of the reading lesson is intended toreview the content; work on bottom-up concerns such asgrammar, vocabulary, and discourse features; andconsolidate what has been read by relating the newinformation to the learners’ knowledge, interests, andopinions. At this point, it would be appropriate to put the studentsin pairs or small groups to compare and verify theirresponses to the questions or graphics and then checkthe results with the entire class.
Text on the wall Word Matching Cloze exercise Scrambled stories (Jigsaw Reading) Making inferences Contextual guessing Running Dictation Reordering Main Idea Word Hunting
Give students reasons to read Say something to make students predictsomething right
103 things to do before/during/after reading. (2012). Retrieved May 30,2013, from http://www.readingrockets.orgCuatemal, C.B.V (2008). Reading Strategies: Before, during and afterreading. Slideshare. Retrieved My 30, 2013, from http://www.slideshare.netElizabeth S. Pang, Angluki Muaka & Michael L. Kamil (2003). InternationalAcademy: Teaching Reading. Geneva: Switzerland. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ibe.unesco.orgAll images used in the presentation are retrieved fromhttp://www.google.com.kh