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Week 1 tourism in perspective


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Week 1 tourism in perspective

  1. 1. HANOI UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT AND TOURISM INTRODUCTION TO TOURISM MANAGEMENT Khong Yen Giang, MBA. Housekeeping Subject Objectives arrangements Develop awareness of the natureCourse hours: 9:45 – 11:30 of the tourismNo smoking in the training room Explore structure and functioningTurn off or put your mobile or put of tourism systemat vibration mode Examine economic, socio-Feel free to speak up cultural and environmentalInteraction impacts of tourism, and Familiarize with Vietnam tourism development and issues. 1
  2. 2. Agenda Agenda Week 1. Tourism in Perspective Week 9. Travel Motivation Week 2. Tourism through the Ages Week 10. Sociology of Tourism Week 3. Tourism Organizations Week 11. Tourism Demand and Supply Week 4. Passenger Transportation Week 12. Tourism’s Economic Impact Week 5. Hospitality and Related Services Group Assignment Week 6. Hospitality Management Week 13. Tourism and the Environment Week 7. Distribution Process Week 14. Tourism’s Future Week 8. Attractions Week 15. Revision Midterm Test Final exam Textbooks Goeldner, C.R., and Ritchie, J.R.B. (2009) Tourism Principles, Philosophy and Tourism in Practice. 11th Ed., John Willey and Sons. Perspective Assessment(a) Attendance Required assessment Yes 10% Khong Yen Giang, MBA. Presentation Required assessment Yes 10%(b)(c) Assignment Required assessment Yes 20%(d) Midterm Test Required assessment Yes 10%(e) Final exam Required assessment Yes 50% 2
  3. 3. Definition of TourismLearning Objectives Tourism may be defined as theUnderstand what tourism is processes, activities, and outcomesand its many definitions arising from the relationships andLearn the components of tourism the interactions among tourists,and tourism management. tourism suppliers, hostExamine the various approaches governments, host communities,to studying tourism and surrounding environments thatAppreciate how important this are involved in the attracting andindustry is to the economy of the hosting of and of many countriesKnow the benefits and costsof tourism.WTO Definition of Tourism Vietnam Definition of TourismTourism comprises the activitiesof persons traveling to and Tourism means activities connectedstaying in places outside their with trips taken by people outsideusual environment for not more their habitual residences aimed atthan one consecutive year for satisfying their needs forleisure, business and other sightseeing, discovering, leisure, orpurposes. recreation in a certain period of time. Law on Tourism 3
  4. 4. Quiz 1 4 groups of tourism Name 4 groups that contribute to The tourist the success of tourism and The business providing tourist explain how? goods and services The government of the host community or area The host community Visitor Classification of TravelersA “visitor” is defined as thosepersons who travel to a country otherthan that in which they have theirusual residence but outside theirusual environment for a period notexceeding twelve months and whosemain purpose of visit is other thanthe exercise of an activityremunerated from withinthe place visited. (1) Tourists in international technical definitions. (2) Excursionists in international technical definitions. (3) Travelers whose trips are shorter than those that qualify for travel and tourism; e.g., under 50 miles (80 km) from home. (4) Students traveling between home and school only -- other travel of students is within scope of travel and tourism. (5) All persons moving to a new place of residence including all one- way travelers, such as emigrants, immigrants, refugees, domestic migrants, and nomads. 4
  5. 5. Quiz 2 Quiz 3: Identify the tourist in the following situations: A family from Hanoi visiting Ho Chi Why must a national tourism Minh city for their weekend organization classify tourists and A man from Belfast attending a other visitors? weekend business conference in Galway An Irish couple going to live in New York A group of school children on a day trip to the Art Museum A boy swimming in his local swimming pool on the weekendQuiz 3: Identify the tourist Key conceptsin the following situations: Visitor Traveller A Hollywood director flying to Ireland Excursionist to spend six months making a film A woman from Cork flying to London Tourist for the day for a business meeting Tourist Industry Host Community A Dublin teenager on a foreign Host Community Government exchange trip to France A group of people from Singapore on Inbound Tourism a pilgrimage to Fatima Outbound Tourism An Irish girl visiting her sister who Internal Tourism lives in Frankfurt National Tourism International Tourism. 5
  6. 6. The Tourism Phenomenon: Vietnam Definition of Tourist Components of tourism and tourism management Tourist means a person who travels for either tourism or for other purposes combined with tourism, except for those who go to study, work or practice their professions to get paid at the places of destination. Law on Tourism Disciplinary inputs to the tourism field Travel and Tourism -- World’s Largest Industry Sociology In 2011 it is estimated to account for some: Sociology of Tourism • US $6.3 trillion, 9.1% of world GDP • 255 mil jobs, 8.7% of total employment, or 1 in every 12 Tourism Studies jobs • GDP growth to be 3% In 2022 it is estimated to account for : •10% world GDP (> US$10bn.) • 328 mil. jobs, 9.8% of total employment (1/10 jobs) Recreation Parks and • GDP growth to be average 4.0% Department per annum over the coming 10Source: adapted from Jafar Jafari, University of or DisciplineWisconsin-Stout, Tourism Course yearsStudy of Tourism: Choices of Discipline andApproach. 6
  7. 7. UNWTOs Tourism 2030 ARRIVALS PER REGIONVision forecasts (1950-2030) (2011)World’s Top 10 Tourism World’s Top 10 TourismDestinations 2011 Earners 2011 7
  8. 8. Travel and Tourism Can Tourism: What it Means Grow by 4% per year to Vietnam Economy In 2011 6 mil 30 mil 130,000 bn VND 5% 1.3 mil jobsTourism: What it Means Tourism: What it Meansto Vietnam Economy to Vietnam Economy Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Growth 5% of total GDP (VND 130,000 bn. 2011 – 2020: growth rate 11.5 – 12% Or 6.2 bn USD) in 2011 pa Expected to be 6.5-7% of total Visitor Exports GDP (18-19 bn USD.) by 2020 Export earnings generate 4.4% of total exports (VND 78,158.5 bn) in 2011 Double in tourism receipts in 2030 Expected to be 4.7% (VND 159,266 in compare with 2020 bn) of total exports in 2021. Employment World ranking 1.3 mil jobs with 450,000 direct 57 in absolute size worldwide jobs in 2011 (8% of total labors) 83 in relative contribution to national economies Expected to be 3 mil jobs with 17 in long-term (10-year) growth 870,000 direct jobs in 2020 (8.1%) (181 countries are estimated by WTTC) 8
  9. 9. Benefits of Tourism Benefits of Tourism- Economic - Economic• Provides employment opportunities Can be developed with local• Generates foreign exchange products and resources• Increases Incomes Diversifies the economy• Increases GNP Tends to be compatible with other• Can be built on existing infrastructure economic activities• Develops an infrastructure that will also Spreads development help stimulate local commerce and industry... High multiplier impact Increases governmental revenues. Benefits of Tourism Benefits of Tourism - Social - Cultural Reinforces preservation of heritage Broadens educational and and tradition cultural horizons Visitor interest in local culture Improves quality of life - higher provides employment for artists, incomes and improved standards musicians and other performing artists of living Breaks down language, sociocultural, Justifies environmental class, racial, political, and religious protection and improvement barriers Provides tourist and Creates a favorable worldwide image recreational facilities for a destination that may be used by Promotes a global community a local population. Promotes international understanding and peace. 9
  10. 10. Disadvantages of Tourism Disadvantages of Tourism- Economic - Social Creates social problems Develops excess demand Degrades the natural physical environment and creates pollution Results in high leakage Degrades the cultural environment Creates difficulties of seasonality Threatens family structure Causes inflation Commercializes culture, religion, Can result in unbalanced and the arts economic development Creates misunderstanding Increases vulnerability to Creates conflicts in the host society economic and political changes. Contributes to disease, economic fluctuation, and transportation problems. End of Presentation What shall we do? Thank you for joining us! 10
  11. 11. AssignmentSuccessful tourismrequires positive attitudesand contributions fromseveral groups. Namethese groups and explainhow each group viewtourism from both positiveand negative perspective ? 11