Primary vs. Secondary

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Primary vs. Secondary

  1. 1. Primary vs. Secondary Sources The ability to distinguish between primary and secondary sources is essential in conducting research.
  2. 2. Primary Sources? <ul><li>Primary sources are original records created at </li></ul><ul><li>the time historical events occurred or well </li></ul><ul><li>after events in the form of memoirs and oral </li></ul><ul><li>histories. </li></ul><ul><li> --ALA/Reference & User Services Association </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lib.washington.edu/subject/History/RUSA/ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples of Primary Sources <ul><li>Scientific journal articles reporting experimental research results </li></ul><ul><li>Proceedings of meetings, conferences, and symposia </li></ul><ul><li>Technical reports </li></ul><ul><li>Sets of data </li></ul><ul><li>Diaries </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews and surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Government documents </li></ul><ul><li>Letters and correspondences </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary Sources? <ul><li>Secondary sources are materials that provide </li></ul><ul><li>interpretations, analyses, explanations, </li></ul><ul><li>critiques, restatements and descriptions of </li></ul><ul><li>primary sources. </li></ul><ul><li>-- http://www.xavier.edu/library/xututor/glossary/glossary_sz.cfm </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples of Secondary Sources <ul><li>Dictionaries and encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><li>Indexing and abstracting tools used to locate primary sources (e.g., CINAHL, MEDLINE, other library databases) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Text books </li></ul><ul><li>Review articles and literature reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Primary or Secondary? Context is the key! A scholarly article could be both depends on the way you use it.

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